Veritas™ Cluster Server Installation Guide 5.1 - Linux

Article:DOC2707  |  Created: 2010-08-20  |  Updated: 2010-08-20  |  Article URL http://www.symantec.com/docs/DOC2707
Article Type
Documentation


Description



Table of Contents:
1. Introducing VCS
About Veritas Cluster Server
About VCS basics
About multiple nodes
About shared storage
About LLT and GAB
About network channels for heartbeating
About preexisting network partitions
About VCS seeding
About Veritas product licensing
About VCS features
About Veritas Operations Services
About VCS notifications
About global clusters
About I/O fencing
About VCS optional components
About Symantec Product Authentication Service (AT)
About Cluster Manager (Java Console)
About Veritas Cluster Server Management Console
About VCS Simulator
2. Planning to install VCS
VCS installation requirements
Hardware requirements
Supported Linux operating systems
Required Linux RPMs for VCS
Required Solaris patches for VCS
Supported software
I/O fencing requirements
VCS installation methods
About the VCS installation program
About the Web-based installer
About response files
Typical VCS cluster setup models
3. Preparing to install VCS
About preparing to install VCS
Performing preinstallation tasks
Obtaining VCS license keys
Setting up the private network
Configuring persistent network interfaces
Setting up inter-system communication
Setting up shared storage
Setting the PATH variable
Setting the MANPATH variable
Setting the kernel.panic tunable
Optimizing LLT media speed settings on private NICs
Guidelines for setting the media speed of the LLT interconnects
Mounting the product disc
Performing automated preinstallation check
Reformatting VCS configuration files on a stopped cluster
Getting your VCS installation and configuration information ready
4. Installing VCS
Installing VCS using the installer
5. Preparing to configure VCS
Preparing to configure the clusters in secure mode
Installing the root broker for the security infrastructure
Creating authentication broker accounts on root broker system
Creating encrypted files for the security infrastructure
Preparing the installation system for the security infrastructure
About configuring VCS clusters for data integrity
About I/O fencing components
About I/O fencing configuration files
About planning to configure I/O fencing
Setting up the CP server
Installing the CP server using the installer
Configuring security on the CP server
Setting up shared storage for the CP server database
Configuring the CP server using the configuration utility
Configuring the CP server manually
Verifying the CP server configuration
6. Configuring VCS
Overview of tasks for VCS configuration using installvcs program
Starting the software configuration
Specifying systems for configuration
Configuring the basic cluster
Configuring the virtual IP of the cluster
Configuring the cluster in secure mode
Adding VCS users
Configuring SMTP email notification
Configuring SNMP trap notification
Configuring global clusters
Completing the VCS configuration
Verifying the NIC configuration
Verifying and updating licenses on the system
Checking licensing information on the system
Updating product licenses using vxlicinst
7. Configuring VCS clusters for data integrity
Setting up disk-based I/O fencing using installvcs program
Initializing disks as VxVM disks
Configuring disk-based I/O fencing using installvcs program
Checking shared disks for I/O fencing
Setting up server-based I/O fencing using installvcs program
Verifying security configuration on VCS cluster to use CP server coordination point
Configuring server-based I/O fencing
8. Installing VCS
Before using the Veritas Web-based installer
Starting the Veritas Web-based installer
Obtaining a security exception on Mozilla Firefox
Performing a pre-installation check with the Veritas Web-based installer
Installing VCS with the Veritas Web-based installer
9. Configuring VCS
Configuring VCS using the web-based installer
10. Performing automated VCS installation
Installing VCS using response files
Response file variables to install VCS
Sample response file for installing VCS
11. Performing automated VCS configuration
Configuring VCS using response files
Response file variables to configure VCS
Sample response file for configuring VCS
12. Performing automated I/O fencing configuration for VCS
Configuring I/O fencing using response files
Response file variables to configure disk-based I/O fencing
Sample response file for configuring disk-based I/O fencing
Response file variables to configure server-based I/O fencing
Sample response file for configuring server-based I/O fencing
13. Performing preinstallation tasks
Preparing for a manual installation
Requirements for installing VCS
14. Manually installing VCS
About VCS manual installation
Installing VCS software manually
Viewing the list of VCS RPMs
Installing VCS RPMs for a manual installation
Adding a license key for a manual installation
Copying the installation guide to each node
Installing VCS using Kickstart
About Kickstart
Summary of Kickstart installation tasks
Setting up an NFS exported location for Veritas product RPMs
Copying the rpms to the install/NFS server
Creating the Veritas Kickstart script file
Creating and modifying the Kickstart configuration file
Completing the Kickstart process
15. Manually configuring VCS
Configuring LLT for a manual installation
Setting up /etc/llthosts for a manual installation
Setting up /etc/llttab for a manual installation
LLT directives for a manual installation
Additional considerations for LLT for a manual installation
Configuring GAB for a manual installation
Configuring VCS
Configuring the cluster UUID when creating a cluster manually
Starting LLT, GAB, and VCS for a manual installation
Modifying the VCS configuration
Configuring the ClusterService group
16. Manually configuring the clusters for data integrity
Setting up disk-based I/O fencing manually
Identifying disks to use as coordinator disks
Setting up coordinator disk groups
Creating I/O fencing configuration files
Modifying VCS configuration to use I/O fencing
Verifying I/O fencing configuration
Setting up server-based I/O fencing manually
Preparing the CP servers manually for use by the VCS cluster
Configuring server-based fencing on the VCS cluster manually
Configuring Coordination Point agent to monitor coordination points
Verifying server-based I/O fencing configuration
17. Planning to upgrade VCS
About upgrading to VCS 5.1
VCS supported upgrade paths
Upgrading VCS in secure enterprise environments
About phased upgrade
Prerequisites for a phased upgrade
Planning for a phased upgrade
Phased upgrade limitations
Phased upgrade example
Phased upgrade example overview
18. Performing a typical VCS upgrade using the installer
Before upgrading from 4.x using the script-based or Web-based installer
Upgrading VCS using the script-based installer
Upgrading VCS with the Veritas Web-based installer
19. Performing a phased upgrade
Performing a phased upgrade from VCS 5.0 MP3
Moving the service groups to the second subcluster
Upgrading the operating system on the first subcluster
Upgrading the first subcluster
Preparing the second subcluster
Activating the first subcluster
Upgrading the operating system on the second subcluster
Upgrading the second subcluster
Finishing the phased upgrade
20. Performing an automated VCS upgrade using response files
Upgrading VCS using response files
Response file variables to upgrade VCS
Sample response file for upgrading VCS
21. Performing post-installation tasks
About enabling LDAP authentication for clusters that run in secure mode
Enabling LDAP authentication for clusters that run in secure mode
Accessing the VCS documentation
Removing permissions for communication
22. Installing or upgrading VCS components
Installing the Java Console
Software requirements for the Java Console
Hardware requirements for the Java Console
Installing the Java Console on Linux
Installing the Java Console on a Windows system
Upgrading the Java Console
Installing VCS Simulator
Software requirements for VCS Simulator
Installing VCS Simulator on Windows systems
Reviewing the installation
Upgrading VCS Simulator
Upgrading the VCS agents
23. Verifying the VCS installation
About verifying the VCS installation
About the LLT and GAB configuration files
About the cluster UUID
About the VCS configuration files
Sample main.cf file for VCS clusters
Sample main.cf file for global clusters
Verifying the LLT, GAB, and VCS configuration files
Verifying LLT, GAB, and cluster operation
Verifying LLT
Verifying GAB
Verifying the cluster
Verifying the cluster nodes
24. Uninstalling VCS using the installer
Preparing to uninstall VCS
Uninstalling VCS 5.1 using the script-based installer
Removing VCS 5.1 RPMs
Running uninstallvcs from the VCS 5.1 disc
Uninstalling VCS with the Veritas Web-based installer
Removing the CP server configuration using the removal script
25. Uninstalling VCS using response files
Uninstalling VCS using response files
Response file variables to uninstall VCS
Sample response file for uninstalling VCS
26. Adding and removing cluster nodes
About adding and removing nodes
Adding nodes using the VCS installer
Manually adding a node to a cluster
Setting up the hardware
Installing the VCS software manually when adding a node
Setting up the node to run in secure mode
Configuring LLT and GAB
Configuring I/O fencing on the new node
Adding the node to the existing cluster
Starting VCS and verifying the cluster
Removing a node from a cluster
Verifying the status of nodes and service groups
Deleting the departing node from VCS configuration
Modifying configuration files on each remaining node
Removing the node configuration from the CP server
Removing security credentials from the leaving node
Unloading LLT and GAB and removing VCS on the departing node
27. Adding a node to a single-node cluster
Adding a node to a single-node cluster
Setting up a node to join the single-node cluster
Installing and configuring Ethernet cards for private network
Configuring the shared storage
Bringing up the existing node
Installing the VCS software manually when adding a node to a single node cluster
Creating configuration files
Starting LLT and GAB
Reconfiguring VCS on the existing node
Verifying configuration on both nodes
A. VCS installation packages
Veritas Cluster Server installation packages
B. Installation command options
Command options for installvcs program
Command options for uninstallvcs program
C. Changes to bundled agents in VCS 5.1
Deprecated agents
New agents
New and modified attributes for 5.1 agents
Manually removing deprecated resource types and modifying attributes
Creating new VCS accounts if you used native operating system accounts
D. Sample main.cf files
Sample configuration files for CP server
CP server hosted on a single node main.cf file
CP server hosted on an SFHA cluster main.cf file
E. Installing VCS on a single node
About installing VCS on a single node
Creating a single-node cluster using the installer program
Preparing for a single node installation
Starting the installer for the single node cluster
Creating a single-node cluster manually
Setting the path variable for a manual single node installation
Installing VCS software manually on a single node
Renaming the LLT and GAB startup files
Modifying the startup files
Configuring VCS
Verifying single-node operation
F. Configuring LLT over UDP using IPv4
Using the UDP layer for LLT
When to use LLT over UDP
Configuring LLT over UDP
Broadcast address in the /etc/llttab file
The link command in the /etc/llttab file
The set-addr command in the /etc/llttab file
Selecting UDP ports
Configuring the netmask for LLT
Configuring the broadcast address for LLT
Sample configuration: direct-attached links
Sample configuration: links crossing IP routers
G. Configuring LLT over UDP using IPv6
Using the UDP layer of IPv6 for LLT
When to use LLT over UDP
Configuring LLT over UDP using IPv6
The link command in the /etc/llttab file
The set-addr command in the /etc/llttab file
Selecting UDP ports
Sample configuration: direct-attached links
Sample configuration: links crossing IP routers
H. Troubleshooting VCS installation
What to do if you see a licensing reminder
Restarting the installer after a failed connection
Starting and stopping processes for the Veritas products
Installer cannot create UUID for the cluster
Script-based installer cannot start LLT, GAB, VCS, or VxFEN on a newly added node
LLT startup script displays errors
The vxfentsthdw utility fails when SCSI TEST UNIT READY command fails
Issues during server-based fencing start up on VCS cluster node
cpsadm command on the VCS cluster node gives connection error
Authentication failure
Authorization failure
Preexisting split-brain
Adding a node to the secure cluster whose root broker system has failed
I. Sample VCS cluster setup diagrams for CP server-based I/O fencing
Configuration diagrams for setting up server-based I/O fencing
Two unique client clusters served by 3 CP servers
Client cluster served by highly available CPS and 2 SCSI-3 disks
Two node campus cluster served by remote CP server and 2 SCSI-3 disks
Multiple client clusters served by highly available CP server and 2 SCSI-3 disks

Attachments

Veritas™ Cluster Server Installation Guide 5.1 - Linux
vcs_install_51_lin.pdf (3.9 MBytes)

Article URL http://www.symantec.com/docs/DOC2707


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