About predefined URL categories

Article:HOWTO79665  |  Created: 2012-09-27  |  Updated: 2014-10-20  |  Article URL http://www.symantec.com/docs/HOWTO79665
Article Type
How To


Subject


About predefined URL categories

Table: Predefined URL categories provides information about the predefined URL categories that are included in Symantec Protection Engine.

Table: Predefined URL categories

URL Category

Description

Abortion

Sites that provide information or arguments in favor of or against abortion; offer help to obtain or avoid abortion; describe abortion methods and how to perform them; provide testimonials on the physical, social, mental, moral, or emotional effects of abortion.

Advertising

Sites that provide Internet advertising services such as Sponsored ads, search engine marketing, pop-up, banner ads and so on.

Alcohol

Sites that promote or sell alcoholic beverages; provide recipes or techniques to make alcoholic beverages; glorify, brag, or otherwise encourage alcohol consumption or intoxication such as home brewing and distilling, recipes, clubs, and associations, and drinking games.

Anonymizer

Sites that offer anonymous access to Web sites through a PHP or CGI proxy, allowing users to gain access to Web sites that are blocked by corporate and school proxies as well as parental control filtering solutions.

Art and Museums

Sites that include art galleries, artists, and museums such as performing arts, theater, painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography are included.

Art Nudes

Sites that contain the non-pornographic, tasteful, and artful display of the naked body. The main purpose of these sites is not sexual arousal.

Automated Web Application

Sites that allow a computer to automatically open an HTTP connection for reasons such as checking for operating system or application updates.

Automotive

Sites that relate to manufacturers of motor vehicles, automotive dealers, motor sports, and clubs.

Bikini

Sites that offer the sale of bikinis, microkinis, monokinis, and thongs which are marketed as beachwear rather than swimwear. Also the sites that feature galleries and videos of models in bikinis.

Blog

Sites that contain 'blogs' . Blogs are usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order like comments on specific topics, online diaries, audio and video blogs.

Business

Business Wireless

Sites that are sponsored by or devoted to individual businesses and are not covered by any other categories such as aerospace and defense industries, agriculture, biotech, and chemicals.

CAIC

Sites that contain or distribute images of non-adult children that are depicted in a state of abuse. These include the sites that depict indecent images of children, advertisements for or links to such content, on a publically available Web site.

Cash Gambling

Sites that involve the wagering and exchange of money in addition to placing bets or participating in betting pools (including lotteries) online; receiving instructions, assistance or training on participating in games of chance; obtaining information, assistance or recommendations for placing a bet.

Chat

Chat/SMS/Text Messaging Wireless

Sites that enable online chatting in real time. These can include text-based chat, instant messaging chat, and visual chat rooms.

Criminal Skills

Sites that provide instruction for threatening or violating the security of property or the privacy of people; also how to avoid complying with legally mandated duties and obligations. These include how to steal money, how to create fake IDs and documents, how to defeat locks, how to intercept phone calls, how to evade or circumvent the law.

Cults

Sites that promote prominent, organized, and modern religious groups that are identified as "cults" by three or more authoritative sources. Examples include:

  • The Church of Satan

  • Aum Shinrikyo

  • The Hare Krishna movement

  • The Family

  • The Unification Church

  • Branch Davidians

  • Scientologists

*Sources:

  • AFF (American Family Foundation), http://www.csj.org/ - A non-profit, tax-exempt research center whose research comes from volunteer professionals ranging from fields in journalism, education, society, and law enforcement.

  • CESNUR (Center for Studies on New Religions), http://www.cesnur.org/ - Associations of scholars working in the field of new religious movements; they operate independent of any church, denomination, or religion.

  • University of Virginia - "Religious Movements" page, http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/profiles/listalpha.htm - A scholarly source consisting of mainly student's research, it appears- and claims- to be one of the most current sources.

  • Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, http://www.religioustolerance.com/ - Scholarly collection of researched topics and elaborate categorization of all belief systems.

Drugs

Sites that promote, offer, sell, supply, encourage, or otherwise advocate the recreational or illegal use, cultivation, manufacture, or distribution of drugs, pharmaceuticals, intoxicating plants, or chemicals and their related paraphernalia. For instance, how to use recreational drugs, seeds and manufacturing tips, drug gear, and equipment.

Dynamic

Dynamic Wireless

Sites that have dynamically changing content and may generate, display, or offer links to inappropriate material such as search engines, directory services, hosting, portals, and blogs.

Education

Sites that represent schools or other educational facilities, faculty, or alumni groups such as homeschooling, public and private schools, universities and colleges.

Energy

Sites that represent companies involved with the production and distribution of energy such as oil companies, gas companies, power companies, and alternative energy companies.

Enterprise Webmail

Sites that provide free Web email services such as Yahoo, Google, etc.; ISP email access, business, school, or institutional access by Web email, Web email provided free or paid hosting services.

Entertainment

Entertainment Wireless

Sites that relate to the entertainment industry such as official Web sites for movies, radio stations, film studios, fan sites about celebrities, and so on.

File sharing

Sites that provide files for downloading over the Internet or smaller private networks, through the client software to enable peer-to-peer sharing and transfer of the files.

Finance and Investing

Finance Wireless

Sites that provide information about personal finance and investments, investment models, guides, tips, etc. Sites that allow users online trading, buy or sell financial instruments.

Food and Restaurants

Sites that provide information, guides, and reviews about restaurants; specialty food shops, food recipes, and food delivery.

Forums and Message Boards

Sites that provide message boards and forums where users can discuss numerous topics. Sites that provide monitored or unmonitored Web forums, Bulletin boards, etc.

Freeware and Shareware

Sites that make software available for downloading to users such as freeware, shareware, or open source software.

Gambling

Gambling Wireless

Sites that provide online casinos, lotteries, information and instructions about placing bets, allowing to bet online and participate in betting pools, and online Gambling.

Gaming

Sites that are dedicated to online games, game tips, game downloads, interactive games, and multiplayer games.

Glamour

Sites that promote and provide information about physical attractiveness; allure, charm, beauty, or style with respect to personal appearance, clothes, shoes, hair, make-up, and fashion accessories. Sites that contain information about Body Art and Cosmetics, hairdressing, Fashion, and Glamourous Portals.

Gore

Sites that feature graphic violence, bodily harm, or self inflicted harm. Sites that contain images of grotesque violence towards humans or animals, images of death and injury, and frightening descriptions.

Government

Sites that are sponsored by government branches or agencies such as Local and State Government, Health, and Social Services, Elections, Employment, Public Safety, and Services, Embassies, and Consulates.

Hacking

Sites that promote illegal use of technology and programming skills to access networks, databases, etc. Sites that contain techniques, skills for denial-of-service, packet sniffing, and spoofing.

Hate

Sites that promote hostility against particular individual or group on the basis of race, religion, color, gender, and origin.

Health

Sites that provide information about personal health and medical services, hygiene, diets, therapies, and counseling services about health.

Hobbies

Sites that provide information about personal interests like collectibles, crafts, pets, and past times.

Hosting

Sites that provide online systems such as free or paid hosting, dedicated or managed hosting, virtual private server hosting, and online backup file storage, to store the data.

Internet Telephony

Sites that provide the facility for telephone calls by Internet, or provide information or software for the purpose.

Job Search

Sites that are dedicated to job searches, job listings, creating and posting resumes, and organizing job fairs.

Kids

Sites that are dedicated to children activities such as artwork, school projects, crafts, information to answer their questions, and games.

Law

Sites that contain legal information about state and regional laws, lawyers, legal services, legal consultations.

Lifestyle

Sites that contain general material relevant to sexual orientation. These sites contain pages dedicated to the groups* themselves, discussions, issues, clubs, personal home pages that address or support sexual orientation lifestyle choices. These are sites mainly by target group members for target group members. Discussions and the issues that are of an explicitly mature nature are not part of this category. *The specific TARGET groups in question are gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender and are subsequently referred to as "GLBT". Examples include:

  • Sites dedicated to GLBT orientation issues, resources, outreach, portals, clubs, associations, personal sites (personal home pages), and activism.

  • Religion, political, legal and news sources that accept, promote, or wholly address target groups. Incorporates politics (politicians and their platforms, PACs*, lobby groups); political issues (legality of gay rights, adoption, marriage, health or wellness (ACT-UP)); legal rulings or precedents.

  • Family, adoption, or marriage or partner concerns and rights within target groups

  • All chat pages that are devoted to GLBT issues, regardless of stated or implied chat subject(s). Gay politics chat, lesbian mothering chat, bisexual rights chat are conisered as GLBT issues.

  • GLBT advice; the sites that exclusively discuss sexual orientation issues, coming out; how to address one's orientation with friends and family. These sites does not include these discussions that are mainly mature in nature.

  • Transgender lifestyles by choice, cross-dressing, youth pages and "genderqueer" categories (excludes intersexual issues, that is the medical discussions, treatments, and theories surrounding children born with indeterminate genitalia); incorporates hormone therapy, elective gender reassignment, personal accounts, mental or emotional health issues and similar related items.

Mature Content

Sites that contain sexually explicit information that is not of a medical or scientific nature. These include - Discussions or descriptions of sexual techniques or exercises.

  • Sexual relationship counseling

  • Products to improve one's sex life

  • Explicit discussions of sex and sexuality

  • Sexual orientation issues

  • Lingerie sales

  • Nudism or Naturism

  • Sites that refer to themselves as nudist sites, but are thinly disguised porn sites and not part of Mature Content, but are covered by the Pornography category.

Military

Sites that are sponsored by military branches or agencies as well as official and personal sites related to military history, ideology, or specific branches of the military.

Mobile Entertainment

Sites that offer a range of add-ons for handheld devices like ringtones, wallpapers, games, and videos.

Music

Sites that are related to the music industry such as radio Websites, band, or artist pages, music fan sites, music reviews, music studios and venues, and lyrics, tablature, and music sheet.

News

News Wireless

Sites that primarily report, inform, or comment, on current events or contemporary issues of the day. Includes sports, weather, editorials, and human interest news. Examples include:

  • Mainstream news services, daily news, local or regional news

  • Alternative news

  • Internet news broadcasts (audio or video)

  • News-oriented online and print magazines or newspapers

  • News services or personalized news

  • Editorials or opinion columns

Non profit

Sites that are owned by non-profit organizations. A non-profit organization (abbreviated "NPO", also "not-for-profit") is a legally constituted organization whose primary objective is to support or to actively engage in activities of public or private interest without any commercial or monetary profit purposes. NPOs are active in a wide range of areas, like the environment, humanitarian aid, animal protection, education, the arts, social issues, charities, health care, politics, religion, research, sports, or other endeavors.

Occult

Sites that promote or offer methods, means of instruction, or other resources to affect or influence real events through the use of spells, curses, magic powers, or supernatural beings. Examples are:

  • Magic spells and curses, encompassing both self-defined "black" and "white" magic

  • Chaos Magick, Crowley, Golden Dawn, Ordo Templi Orientalis

  • Demonolatry (worship of demons)

  • Witchcraft and its practices, rituals, and activities, Wiccan magic, Pagan/neo-Pagan magic. Asatru (Odinism)

  • Vodun (Voodoo/Santeria)

  • Herbs, tools or paraphernalia for casting spells, summoning demons, or engaging in other magical behavior or activities

Personal Ads and Dating

Personal Ads and Dating Wireless

Sites that promote or provide opportunity for establishing or continuing romantic or sexual relationships. Examples are:

  • Dating portals and directories

  • Personal ads like general, regional, lifestyle, 900 numbers, personal pages that promote or provide personal ads

  • Cyber relationships

  • Dating portals

  • Directories

  • Cyber relationships and dating services, matchmaking services, and e-dating services

  • International introductions, pen pal agencies, and introduction agencies

Pets

Sites and forums related to the care, maintenance, purchase, rescue, or breeding of any animal for companionship and enjoyment. The category excludes livestock or laboratory animals which are kept for economic or scientific reasons. Examples include:

  • Pet care

  • Pet products

  • Animal rescue

  • Pet breeding

Placeholder

Sites that are typically owned by domain name registrars, domain brokers, or Internet advertising publishers. They usually display dynamically generated content with the intent to monetize on traffic through linked advertising listings. Examples of such sites are:

  • Domains for sale

  • Parked domains

  • Expired domains

  • Domains under construction

  • Sites that are "coming soon"

Politics

Sites that relate to politicians, election campaigns, political organizations, and publications. Includes official home pages of politicians and political parties as well as personal sites about politics and grass-root movements.

Pornography

Pornography Wireless

Sites that contain sexually explicit material for the purpose of arousing a sexual or prurient interest. Examples are:

  • Sex chat rooms and portals

  • Pornography, thumbnail or picpost sites

  • Online pornographic magazines

  • Pornographic picture galleries (general and topic-specific)

  • Pornographic fiction or erotica

  • Phone sex or live video

  • Adult services, escort services, strippers, or mistresses

  • Adult personal ads or Adult-themed dating services

  • Sex toys or marital aids or videos, CD-ROMs, books, fetish clothing

Portal

Sites that offer a broad array of resources and services, such as email, forums, search engines, and online shopping malls. Portals typically publish their own content or collate multiple sources of information for many areas such as news, entertainment, sports, technology, and finance.

Real Estate

Sites that are commercial and involve in the real estate business. Examples are:

  • Sites of individual brokers and agents

  • Real estate companies

  • Real estate search or property location services

  • Sites offering real estate tips and advice

Reference

Sites that contain personal, professional, or educational references. Examples are:

  • Online dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauri

  • Maps and language translation sites

Religion

Sites on religion as any set of beliefs and practices that have the function of addressing the fundamental questions of human identity, ethics, death, and the existence of the Divine.

Science

Sites that provide research materials in the natural and life sciences.

Search

Sites that support searching the Internet, newsgroups , or indices and directories.

Self Harm

Sites that describe or discuss ways in which to self harm including eating disorders and self-injury. Eating disorders sites include:

  • Sites about Anorexia, Bulimia, and Binge eating disorder or compulsive overeating, compulsive over-exercising, pica, prader-willi syndrome, night eating syndrome, body dysmorphic disorder, othorexia, and bigorexia

  • Sites supporting eating disorder as a lifestyle choice covering issues like diet and exercise methods, how to hide your eating disorder, the thin commandments, and so on.

  • Personal pages, journals, blogs, forums, webrings supporting an eating disorder lifestyle

  • Picture pages or galleries created for inspiring people with eating disorders, for example, thinspiration, thinspo.

Self-injury sites include:

  • Sites about self-injury including cutting, punching, hitting, scratching, choking, self-biting, picking at wounds, and self-poisoning.

  • Personal pages, forums, and clubs that may trigger self-injurious behavior

  • Self injury webrings

  • Pictures of self injury

Sexual Education

Sites that provide educational information on reproduction and sexual development, sexually transmitted disease, contraception, safe sexual practices, sexuality, and sexual orientation.

Shopping

Sites that provide the means to purchase products or services online. Products or services that are principally marketed to satisfy industrial or commercial needs are not included in this category. Examples are:

  • Pages offering an item intended for personal usage for sale, with price, description, order number, or some combination thereof

  • Internet malls

  • Online auctions

  • Department or retail stores online catalogs

  • Services that are meant to benefit the private individual

Sports

Sports Wireless

Sites that promote or provide information about spectator sports. Examples are:

  • Professional sports teams, leagues, organizations, or association sites; player and fan sites

  • Collegiate football, basketball, etc.; men's and women's; team, league, and conference sites; player and fan sites

  • Sites for official Olympic Committees; media Olympic portals

  • Sports portals and directories - scores, schedules, news, statistics, discussion, etc.; spectator sports link aggregations

  • Sports event ticket sales for targeted professional or collegiate sports; sports tourism

  • Online magazines, newsletters, chats, and forums for targeted professional and collegiate sports

Streaming Media

Sites that host streaming media like television, movies, video, radio, or other media.

Suicide

Sites that describe or promote suicide. Examples are:

  • Suggestions on how to kill yourself; newsgroups; chat rooms; message boards

  • Descriptions or depictions of methods,systems, or machines; instructions

  • Personal stories; suicide diaries; blogs; forums

  • Famous suicides or details of famous suicides

  • Famous suicide spots

  • Glorification or worshipful attitude to suicide

Technology and Telecommunications

Sites that provide information pertaining to computers, the Internet as well as telecommunication. Examples are:

  • Software solutions and services

  • Computer and telecommunication hardware, devices, and gadgets

  • Internet and phone access services

  • Technology news

Tobacco

Sites that encourage, promote, offer for sale or otherwise encourage the consumption of tobacco. Examples are:

  • Retailers and manufacturers from the tobacco industry

  • Tobacco products and paraphernalia

  • Smoking is good, glamorous, or cool

  • How to smoke or smoking lessons

Travel

Travel Wireless

Sites that promote or provide opportunity for travel planning in a general sense, particularly finding, and making travel reservations. Examples are:

  • Travel portals, packages, and information (includes tours, travel clubs and associations, and travel information for specific demographic groups)

  • Air travel (air carriers: tickets/reservations/charters)

  • Sites that facilitate travel-related transportation (tickets/reservations/charters/rentals of trains, buses, boats, motorcycles. Does not include car rentals.)

  • Lodging (includes lodging directories and portals)

  • Travel agents and travel auctions

Violence

Sites that advocate or provide instructions to cause physical harm to people or property through use of weapons, explosives, pranks, or other types of violence. Examples are:

  • Explosives and bombs: How to manufacture, obtain materials, transport, or seed an area, including but not limited to making explosives using common household items.

  • Pranks, destructive mischief, "revenge," teenage anarchy including but not limited to dangerous chemistry

  • Descriptions or instructions for killing people

Virtual Community

Sites that offer a variety of tools and mechanisms to enable a group of people to communicate and interact by the Internet. Examples include:

  • Social networking

  • Chat and instant messaging

  • Forums & Messageboards

  • Hosting of home pages and other user generated content including audio and video

Weapons

Sites that describe or offer for sale weapons including guns, ammunition, firearm accessories, knives, and martial arts. Examples are:

  • Online sales of firearms, ammunition, accessories, and knives

  • Descriptions, reviews, specifications, or weapons

  • Weapons retailers, manufacturers, auctions, and trading centers

  • Instructions for manufacture of weapons

Webmail

Sites that provide Web-based email services that are freely available and accessible through any Internet browser.

Wedding

Sites related to the traditions, customs, planning, and products involved in a marriage or commitment ceremony as well as in civil unions. Examples are:

  • Wedding planning

  • Wedding products

  • Alternative commitment ceremonies

Symantec periodically updates the predefined URL categories. Symantec Protection Engine automatically downloads updated categories through LiveUpdate. Symantec might create new URL categories to address additional content areas as needed. New categories are not active by default. You must select the new categories that you want to use for URL blocking.

The predefined URL categories cannot be modified.

See Overriding a URL categorization

Note:

If the requested URL belongs to the CAIC category, the URL is replaced with the text CAIC-URL in all the corresponding messages and logs.

See About categories.


Legacy ID



v15198900_v80846623


Article URL http://www.symantec.com/docs/HOWTO79665


Terms of use for this information are found in Legal Notices