How to prepare a workstation for control by the Ghost Console

Article:TECH106926  |  Created: 1999-01-27  |  Updated: 2008-01-24  |  Article URL http://www.symantec.com/docs/TECH106926
Article Type
Technical Solution

Environment

Issue



You need to know how to prepare a workstation, so that you can use the Ghost Console to push out an image or configuration to other workstations on your network.


Solution



This document provides the procedure for setting up the workstations (client computers) on your network to work with the Ghost Enterprise Console.

This procedure uses GhostCast only for the setup
  • Symantec Ghost Console rolls out images and configuration information without having to revisit each client computer.
  • The procedure can be used for preparing client computers to work with the Symantec Ghost Console.
  • See "Technical Information" for an alternative procedure that uses GhostCast also for the initial rollout.


Note: Symantec Ghost 7.0 uses Ghost Multicast, rather than GhostCast. This is merely a name change, and references to GhostCast also apply to Ghost Multicast.

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Hide details for Cloning with a virtual boot partition
Cloning with a virtual boot partition
This is the process to use with Symantec Ghost 7.5 or later when you do not want to install a Ghost boot partition on the client computers.
  • If the client computers are running Windows NT, Windows 2000, or Windows XP, then, in most cases, this process does not require visiting the clients.
  • The following process does not require the use of GhostCast and does not require the steps "Create a boot partition image file" and "Write the boot partition image to the client computers."

To clone by using a virtual boot partition
1. Install the Symantec Ghost Client on the client computers. 2. Create a "model" image file that includes the Ghost Client.
  1. Prepare the model computer.
    1. Install the operating system.
    2. Install the Symantec Ghost Client.
    3. Install other programs that you want to have on the client computers.

  2. Create and run a "Ghost Console Task" that will create an image of the disk or partition that is on the model computer.
    • To open a new "Task", select File> New> Image Dump.
      The "Task" saves an image file on the Ghost Server computer or on another network computer.
    • The Symantec Ghost Console does not require that you first install a Ghost boot partition to the model computer.
      Note: If the model computer does not have a Ghost boot partition, Ghost automatically uses a Ghost virtual boot partition instead.

3. Backup the client computers.
4. Write the "model" image file to the client computers:
  1. Create a Ghost Console Task that will roll out the image to the client computers:
    1. To open a new "Task", select File> New>Task.
    2. Check the Clone option on the "General tab."
    3. Configure the "Task" to write the image to the client computers. This process overwrites the operating system and all files on the Target computers.

  2. Run the "Task" that you created.

5. Restore the data.

This completes the setup procedure and the initial rollout of the operating system. When complete, you should have a client computer without a hidden boot partition and Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000 should be running with the Ghost Client software installed.

Hide details for Cloning without a virtual boot partition
Cloning without a virtual boot partition
These steps are required to clone (from one to many computers) when you do not use a virtual boot partition. Only Symantec Ghost 7.5 and later include the Ghost Virtual Boot Partition.

To prepare client computers to work with Ghost Console, you must install the Ghost Client on the client computers and add a hidden Ghost boot partition to the client computers.

Create a "model" image file that includes the Ghost Client
This process installs the Ghost Client to a "model" computer, creates an image of that computer, and saves the image as a file on a network drive.
  1. At the model computer:
    1. Prepare the model computer, which is a Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, or Windows 2000 computer, by installing the operating system that you want to roll out to the client computers. You can also install applications on this computer. The applications will be automatically rolled out with the operating system because later you will clone the entire disk.
    2. Install Symantec Ghost to the model computer. During the installation, select the Console Client option instead of the Console (with Standard Tools) option.

  2. At the server computer:
    1. Install Symantec Ghost to a Windows Me/98/NT/2000/XP computer.
      During the installation, select the Console (with Standard Tools) option instead of the Console Client option.

    2. Create a Network Boot Disk using the Ghost Boot Wizard. You will later use this floppy disk to start the model computer.
    3. Prepare the GhostCast Server to accept image data from the model computer and save that image data as an image file:
      1. Start GhostCast Server.
      2. Enter a Session Name (the name can be anything you want).
      3. Select Disk Image.
      4. Select Dump From Client. This option tells Ghost to "dump" the image data from the model computer to a location specified in the next step.
      5. Click Browse to give the image file a name and a location to be saved. Because this process creates a new file, use a new filename. Do not choose a filename that already exists.
      6. Select Accept Clients. This tells the Ghost Server to wait for messages from the network that are addressed to the Session Name you entered in a previous step.

  3. At the model computer:
    1. Create the image:
      1. Boot the computer with the Network Boot Disk created earlier.
      2. Click GhostCast (Multicasting in Ghost 7.0).
      3. Enter the Session Name. Use the same Session Name that you used at the server computer. This is how the two computers initially recognize each other on the network.
      4. Select the Source disk.
      5. Select Compression Type (Optional).
      6. Select Proceed with Dump.

    2. When the image file has been created, restart the computer with the same Network Boot Disk, and leave Ghost running at the main screen.


Create a boot partition image file
Use Ghost Boot Wizard to create a boot partition image, which is an image of a hidden Ghost boot partition, saved as a file.
    1. Start Ghost Boot Wizard on the server computer.
    2. Click Console Boot Partition> Next.
    3. Select the type of network card from the list and click Next.
      This displays the "Symantec Ghost Boot Wizard - Client Type" window.
    4. Select the network interface card (NIC) drivers for the "client computer", not the server. These files will be saved on the hidden Ghost boot partition, from which the client computers will boot.
    5. This screen shows you the locations of programs needed by Ghost; if these are filled in, and the option Symantec Ghost Console Client is checked, then click Next.
    6. Specify DHCP or Static IP and click Next.
      Note: If you are not sure whether the client computer will use DHCP or Static IP, contact your network administrator.
    7. Type a name and location for this Boot image file, and then click Next.
      Note: This process creates a new file. Be sure to use a new file name. Do not select a filename that already exists.
    8. Click Next at the confirmation screen.
    9. The Wizard now saves the boot image file to the directory that you specified above.


    Write the boot partition image file to client computers
    Use GhostCast Server to write the boot partition image to a hidden boot partition on the client computer's drive, replacing the previous disk information. After you complete this step, Ghost runs from the hidden boot partition and can accept Tasks from the Console. This hidden boot partition makes future visits to the client computer unnecessary.

    Diagnostic partitions
    Note that some computers, such as many models of Compaq, include a diagnostic partition placed there by the manufacturer. Writing the boot partition image or the "model" image file to such computers is likely to write over the diagnostic partition. Writing over the diagnostic partition removes any services provided by that partition. To retain the diagnostic partition on such computers, consult your computer manufacturer.

    Using the model computer as client
    You can include the model computer as one of the client computers (Steps 2 and 3 of the following procedure). If you write the boot partition to the model computer and write the image to it (Step 5), you can later use the Ghost Console to pull images from the model computer, rather than using GhostCast Server.

    To write the boot partition image to client computers
    1. At the server:
      1. Start the GhostCast server.
      2. Enter a Session Name (the name can be anything you want).
      3. Select Disk Image.
      4. Select Load To Clients.
      5. Click Browse and select the boot image file you just created with Ghost Boot Wizard.
      6. Select Accept Clients.

    2. At each client computer, use GhostCast to accept the hidden boot partition:
      1. Start the computer with the Network Boot Disk.
      2. If Ghost is not running, type:
        Ghost
      3. Click GhostCast (Multicasting in Ghost 7.0).
      4. Enter the Session Name.
      5. Select the Destination Disk.
      6. Select Proceed with Load.

    3. At each client computer, prepare to accept the rollout of the operating system:
      1. Remove the Network Boot Disk from the client computer.
      2. Restart. The computer will boot into the hidden boot partition and will be ready to accept Tasks from the Console.


    Write the "model" image file to the client computers
    You can now use the Symantec Ghost Console to restore the Image that you made in the section titled "Create a 'model' image file that includes the Ghost Client."

    For information on creating a Task to restore the image to the client computer, follow the directions in the "Ghost Getting Started Guide" located in the "Documents folder" on the Ghost installation CD. You can also download the "Getting Started Guide" located on the Symantec FTP site at:
    ftp://ftp.symantec.com/public/english_us_canada/products/ghost/manuals/symghost_8/Getting_Started.pdf

    Restore the data and verify the partition
    If you previously backed up data from the client computers, restore the data to the client computers.

    This completes the setup procedure and the initial operating system rollout. You should have a client computer with a hidden boot partition (you can use FDISK or GDISK to verify this) and Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000 should be running with the Ghost Client software installed.



    Technical Information
    Using GhostCast for both the setup and the initial rollout

    The previous procedure uses separate steps to roll out the hidden Ghost boot partition and the "model" image to the client computers. This is so you can use GhostCast for the setup only, and then use the Ghost Console for rolling out the operating system. Alternatively, you can use GhostCast for both the setup and the initial rollout, then use the Ghost Console for subsequent rollouts. The following procedure provides the general steps to use GhostCast for both the setup and the initial rollout:

    1. Create two partitions on the "model" computer.
    2. Install the operating system and applications to the first partition.
    3. Install the Ghost Client to the first partition.
    4. Create an image file of the first partition. This is the "operating system partition" image file.
    5. Use Boot Wizard or Multicast Assist Wizard to create a boot partition image.
    6. Write the boot partition image to the first partition of the model computer. This writes over the previous partition.
    7. Write the "operating system partition" image to the second partition of the model computer. Now the model computer has both a hidden boot partition, and an operating system partition.
    8. Create a disk image file of the model computer. This image file includes both a hidden boot partition, and an operating system partition.
    9. Use GhostCast Server to rollout the disk image to many computers.




    Legacy ID



    1999102709342625


    Article URL http://www.symantec.com/docs/TECH106926


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