Changes to Backup and Restore in Exchange 2010

Article:TECH88222  |  Created: 2009-01-22  |  Updated: 2013-11-12  |  Article URL
Article Type
Technical Solution


Changes to Backup and Restore in Exchange 2010


Microsoft Exchange 2010


Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 introduces new technologies and features in many areas, and removes other important storage features. To implement Exchange 2010-compatible backup and restore applications, may need to adjust application to accommodate the changes described in this topic.

  1. Exchange Storage Groups Removed

  2. Exchange 2010 no longer includes the concept of storage groups. In earlier versions of Exchange, one or more Exchange store databases can be grouped into a storage group, which can then be managed as a unit. However, storage groups complicate many high-availability scenarios, and make single-database restores more complex. Exchange 2010-compatible backup and restore applications that work with the Windows Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) no longer provide storage group identifiers in the VSS backup component paths. Find more information about the new backup component path construction in the Backup Operations:

  3. Recovery Storage Group (RSG) Replaced with Recovery Database (RDB)

  4. Because storage groups were removed from Exchange Server 2010, the recovery storage group no longer exists. Instead, if your application needs to restore, recover, and mount an Exchange database to a different location or server, it will use a recovery database. The recovery database is not tied to any original server or database. Each Exchange 2010 server can have no more than one mounted recovery database. There can be multiple recovery databases, but only one can be mounted at a time. For more information review the following Article:

  5. Streaming Backups Not Supported

  6. Exchange 2010 does not support streaming-style backups. In versions of Exchange earlier than Exchange 2010, backup applications use the ESEBCLI2 interface to perform streaming backups. This SDK does not contain information about the ESEBCLI2 DLL. For information about this interface review the following Microsoft Article

  7. Number of Databases per Server Increased

  8. In Exchange 2007, each server can mount 50 databases configured in up to 50 storage groups. In Exchange 2010, each Exchange server can connect to a maximum of 100 Exchange databases, and storage groups do not exist. Although each Exchange server can have a maximum of 100 databases mounted at one time, that limit does not apply to the total number of database objects that are stored in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS). Each Exchange organization can have any number of database objects in AD DS.

    For backup and restore applications, the maximum of 100 mounted databases for an Exchange organization includes up to one mounted recovery database. There is no distinction between normal and recovery databases in this maximum number.

  9. Database Mobility and Availability Groups Added

  10. Exchange 2010 servers can be configured to perform even more flexible database replication than Exchange 2007 servers. Each Exchange 2010 database can be replicated to up to 16 Exchange servers, which can be geographically distributed to improve availability and resilience. The group of servers that replicate an Exchange database is called a Database Availability Group (DAG).

    Exchange 2010 DAGs can also improve the reliability and performance of backup applications. Backing up a replicated, inactive copy of the database prevents the active Master database from being affected during the VSS snapshot. Because all the servers in a DAG have copies of the database log files, applications can restore and recover databases by using backup components taken from different servers. When restoring a DAG database from backups, all active and passive copies must be restored using the same data.

    For more information about how Database Mobility and Database Availability Groups affect Exchange 2010 review the following Microsoft Article:

    For more information about how the backup and restore applications can use new DAG features review the following Microsoft Article:

  11. Storage Configuration in Active Directory Changed

  12. To accommodate the many storage architecture changes in Exchange 2010, the Windows PowerShell commands for setting and retrieving storage configuration have changed significantly.For information about these changes review the following Microsoft Article

  13. CHKSGFILES DLL Now 64-bit Only

  14. Exchange 2010 is only available in 64-bit implementation. 32-bit implementations of the server are not available. Similarly, the CHKSGFILES DLL is available only as a 64-bit unmanaged DLL. For more information review the following Microsoft Article

  15. Single Copy Clustering Is Not Available

  16. Exchange 2010 does not include support for Single Copy Clustering (SCC). If Exchange 2007-compatible backup and restore application relies on SCC, modify the application to be compatible with Exchange 2010.

  17. Log File Size Standardized

  18. Exchange database log files are now each 1 MB in size. In earlier versions of Exchange, log files varied in size. For more information, review the following Microsoft Article:


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