Video Screencast Help
Symantec to Separate Into Two Focused, Industry-Leading Technology Companies. Learn more.

Chapter 13: Getting Started with Software Virtualization Solution

Created: 07 Jun 2007 • Updated: 12 Feb 2013
Language Translations
Admin's picture
0 0 Votes
Login to vote

The Getting Started tasks guide you through the basic setup, configuration, and use of Software Virtualization Solution. Each task has a procedure and, in some cases, exercises to illustrate the steps of the procedure.

Getting started tasks

  1. Create a Virtual Software Archive (VSA) File
  2. Copy Virtual Software Archive Files
  3. Deploy the Software Virtualization Agent
  4. Create a new Virtual Software Package and Task
  5. Using Software Virtualization Solution Reports

Prerequisites for Getting Started tasks

  • Notification Server 6.0 with SP3.
  • Software Virtualization Solution 6.0 installed on the Notification Server. See Installing Software Virtualization Solution.
  • A client computer running a supported Windows operating system. See Software Virtualization Solution Prerequisites (page 108).
  • The Altiris Agent 6.0 installed on the client computer.

Exercise scenario

You are the IT manager. You want to create a virtual application for Mozilla Firefox and deploy it using Software Virtualization Solution to managed client computers on your network.

Create a Virtual Software Archive (VSA) File

Create a Virtual Software Layer and export it to a Virtual Software Archive (VSA) file to include in a Virtual Software Package. For information, see Getting Started with Virtual Software Layers and Archive Files.

Copy Virtual Software Archive Files

After you have created a VSA file, in order to deploy it, you must be able to access it from your Notification Server. You can copy it to either your Notification Server, to another network share that you can access from your Notification Server, or to a Web server.

Note The folder the VSA file is in needs to have Read permission at a minimum.
Caution Notification Server-based software packages are defined as the contents of a given folder. If you want a VSA to be delivered as a single file, each VSA must be placed in its own folder. If you include more than one VSA file in a folder, then all the VSAs will be delivered together in the Software Delivery Package. This will cause additional network traffic and extra disk space used on client computers.

Deploy the Software Virtualization Agent

The Software Virtualization Agent manages the Virtual Software Packages deployed to client computers. Each computer that will use Virtual Software Packages must have the Software Virtualization Agent deployed on it.

To deploy the Software Virtualization Agent

  1. From the Altiris Console, click on the Configuration tab.
  2. In the left pane, select Configuration > Solutions Settings > Software Management > Software Virtualization > Windows > Software Virtualization Agent Rollout > Software Virtualization Agent Install.
  3. In the right pane, select Enable.
    Caution Client computers must be restarted after the agent is installed. The default program prompts the user for a restart. For more information, see Restart the Client Computer Automatically after Agent Install.
  4. Select the collection to install to.

    By default, the agent will be installed on all computers in the All Windows Computers with NS 6 Altiris Agent collection.

  5. Configure the multicast and scheduling options.

    For information, click the help icon.

  6. Click the Apply button.

Create a new Virtual Software Package and Task

The Software Virtualization Wizard simplifies the steps of creating and delivering new and existing Virtual Software Packages. For general information about Virtual Software Packages, see Virtual Software Packages Overview (page 101). Because packages are delivered through Virtual Software Tasks, this wizard guides you through creating packages and setting up tasks to deliver those packages.

This is the easiest and most efficient way to create packages, assign programs to them, and set up tasks to deliver them.

You can also select to Use the advanced wizard. When running the Advanced Wizard, you also have the option to configure package server options, event logging options, the package display name in the Altiris Agent, and task download and execute options. For a description of these options, see Advanced tab (Virtual Software Package Page) and Advanced tab (Virtual Software Task Page).

To create and deliver a new Virtual Package

The Software Virtualization Wizard can be accessed by clicking the Tasks tab and selecting Software Management > Software Virtualization > Windows > Virtual Software Tasks > Wizard and Status, then clicking Run Virtual Software Wizard.

Step 1 - Select Package Options

In this step, you select that you want to create and deliver a new Virtual Package, select the package source and location, and select the program you want to run.

Before using the wizard, you must have an existing Virtual Software Archive file (.vsa) to use. For information on how to create VSA files, see Getting Started with Virtual Software Layers and Archive Files.

How would you like to begin?

Select Create and deliver a new Virtual Package.

  • Select the package source and location
    1. Archive File Source: Select the source of the VSA file. For information, see Copy Virtual Software Archive Files and Package tab (Virtual Software Package Page).
      Exercise
      Select Access package from a local directory on the Notification Server computer.
    2. Archive File Location: Browse to the VSA file you want to use.
      Exercise
      Browse to the Firefox VSA.
  • Select the program that will run

    Select the program to run for the package. For information about package programs, see Virtual Software Package Actions and States.

    The actual command line appears. In most cases you do not need to edit this information.

  • Click Next.

    The required fields are tested and if the information you entered is correct, the wizard goes to Step 2 or 4.

Step 2 - Program Options

In this step, you select how the program will run, which rights to use, and what should happen when the program has finished running. For information on program options, see Programs tab (Virtual Software Package Page).

  1. Configure the desired options.
    Exercise
    Accept the defaults.
  2. Click Next to go to Step 3 in the wizard.

Step 3 - Select Collection and Schedule

In this step, you select the collection of computers to which you want the package of software to be delivered and when you want it delivered.

Note This step will set up a Virtual Software Task to deliver the package.
  1. Select the collection to which the package will be delivered

    You can only select one collection per Virtual Software Task. If you want to send the package to more than one collection, you can either create a collection which includes all other collections to which you want to send the package or you can run the Software Virtualization Wizard again.

  2. Select when to run this task
    • Manual

      User must manually activate the task on the target computer.

      If this is selected, the task will not run on the target computer unless the user activates it manually.

    • On a Schedule

      If this is selected, the task will run automatically on the target computer.

      For information on scheduling options, see General tab (Virtual Software Task Page).

  3. Select On a schedule and accept the defaults. Click Next to go to Step 4 in the wizard.

Step 4 - Advanced Settings

If you selected the Use the advanced wizard option, you can configure package server options, event logging options, advanced task options, and software portal options.

Configure package options

  1. Configure the package server and event logging options.

    For a description of these options, see Advanced tab (Virtual Software Package Page) (page 121).

  2. Click Next to go to Step 5 in the wizard.

Configure advanced task options

  1. Specify the name and description of the virtual task this is displayed on the Altiris Agent UI.
  2. Specify download and execute options.

    For a description of these options, see Advanced tab (Virtual Software Task Page).

  3. Click Finish to go to Step 5 in the wizard.

Step 5 - Summary

In this step, you enter your task, package, and program names. Next, you review your settings, and click the Finish button.

  1. Enable or disable the software virtualization task.

    If the checkbox is selected, the software virtualization task will be enabled when it is created. Software virtualization tasks must be enabled before they can be run.

  2. Enter the name for the Virtual Software task, package, and program.

    These are the names of the objects as they appear in the Altiris Console. You can use the default names or use your own.

  3. Verify the information in the table and click OK.

    Make sure the information in the table is correct.

  4. Click OK.
  5. This creates the Virtual Software Package and software virtualization task and attaches the package to the task.

    The task will be run according to your scheduling options.

    The task is available under the Tasks tab > Software Management > Software Virtualization > Windows > Virtual Software Tasks.

    The package is available under the Resources tab > Resource Management > Resources > Software Management > Software Virtualization > Windows > Virtual Software Packages.

Using Software Virtualization Solution Reports

Software Virtualization Solution provides numerous predefined reports to help you analyze your software virtualization information.

The reports are organized into the following categories:

  • Agents
  • Packages

The following procedures provide sample instructions for using reports.

To run a report to count the computers with/without the Software Virtualization Agent installed

This report will provide a count of the number of computers with and without the Software Virtualization Agent installed.

  1. In the Altiris Console, click the Reports tab and select Reports > Software Management > Software Virtualization > Windows.
  2. Click the Agents folder.
  3. Click Count of Computers with/without the SVS Agent Installed.
  4. Click Run this report in a new window.
  5. You can use the default collection, All Windows Computers, or select another.
  6. To search for all computers in all domains, leave the fields as Any.
  7. Click Refresh.

    A count for both computers without, and with, the SVS Agent is displayed.

To run a report with a count of computers with each Virtual Software Package (VSP)

This report will provide a list of each Virtual Software Package (VSP) with a count of the number of computers with that VSP.

  1. In the Altiris Console, click the Reports tab and select Reports > Software Management > Software Virtualization > Windows.
  2. Click the Package folder.
  3. Click Count of Computers by VSP.
  4. Click Run this report in a new window.
  5. You can use the default collection, All Windows Computers, or select another.
  6. To search for all VSPs and computers in all domains, leave the fields as Any.
  7. Click Refresh.

In addition to the predefined reports, you can create custom reports related to Software Virtualization task usage. Software Delivery Solution also provides the ability to automatically delete old reports.

For information on these features, as well as using predefined reports and creating custom reports, see the Notification Server documentation.

Chapter 12: Installing Software Virtualization Solution

Chapter 14: Using Software Virtualization Solution