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Endpoint Management Community Blog

USB Provisioning -- a Few Insights to Help Out

Created: 02 May 2007 • Updated: 02 May 2007
Terry Cutler's picture
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When provisioning Intel® vPro™ processor technology systems via One Touch -- using a USB flash drive -- the following tips and information may be of interest.

  • Only FAT16 format supported
  • Setup.bin file must be first file, at the root of the drive
  • Insert the USB flash drive before booting the system (detection happens during POST)
  • Provisioning records include the PID (provisioning ID), PPS (provisioning passphrase), default admin password, and new admin password
  • Only systems with Intel® AMT in factory default mode will respond to USB provisioning. Once USB or One Touch provisioning are performed on a system – only a full BIOS reset will allow this option again.
  • Once the provisioning keys and setup information is transferred – Intel® AMT is now in "setup" mode and the Setup.bin file is incremented to the next valid key.
  • In ad-hoc tests, 20,000 provisioning records used 10MB of space on the USB flash drive. Most favorable experiences occur with flash drives that are 2GB or smaller.
  • With a larger number of provisioning records, the One Touch process may experience a delay as the setup.bin file is parsed to find the next valid record. In ad-hoc tests, 1000 records on the key experienced a 15 second delay, 100,000 keys experienced a 3 minute delay.
  • Once Intel® AMT is in setup mode, "hello" packets will be initiated. The interval for sending packets will increase over time until the "ProvisionServer" accepts and responds. The intervals are as follows: 5 retries per minute, 5 retries per every 10 minutes, 5 retries every hour, etc. Eventually it may appear that no "hello" packets are being sent. The intervals are reset if the power is removed from the system.

The opinions expressed on this site are mine alone and do not necessarily reflect the opinions or strategies of Intel Corporation or its worldwide subsidiaries