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Ron Bowes | 22 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

A few months ago, I moved out of my home town in search of greenerpastures. In doing so, I called every company I could think of whomight have my previous address. And that was a lot of calling - thesedays, it seems like changing a home address is as difficult as changingan email address!

After I arrived, I bought a lot of stuff online. I purchasedeverything from books and movies to show tickets from major onlineretailers. I made every transaction with my credit card, and everythingwas shipped to my new address. I didn't have any problems - at first -all I needed was my credit card information and everything was shippedwhere I asked it to be shipped.

Recently, however, I purchased a new hard drive from a localcomputer store. Since it's on the far side of the city, I opted to haveit shipped rather than pick it up. This morning, I received an emailsaying that they wouldn't accept the order because my shipping addressdidn't match the address on my credit card. So I...

Yazan Gable | 21 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

Skimming is quite the threat to your credit card security. But everyday some of your personal information is leaked out to potentiallymalicious people without the help of skimmers. This personalinformation may be used to aid in identity theft attacks. Where doesthis information come from, and how is it leaking? Every bit ofpersonal information that we give out is stored in a databasesomewhere.

Have you ever been asked for your zip or postal code when shoppingat your favorite retail store? Have you ever registered as a regularshopper at your favorite Webstore? I know I have, and it’s little bitsof information like that, often asked for on a whim, stored in a widerange of databases, which could add up to identity theft. Not onlythat, but many of these organizations store bank and credit cardinformation, names, birth dates, and even drivers license numbers aswell.

All of the information collected about us is stored in databases.Hundreds of potentially insecure databases...

Elia Florio | 18 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

“Whenever I post my computer putssomething on the end of my post that I didn't type. Just look, it'sthat link and the text know will appear when I post this.P.S.Look,Super sreensaver! :)) …”

I wanted to start this blog by quoting a post picked up from one ofthe many forums contaminated by Mespam to show exactly what infectedusers experience without having a clue of what’s going on with theircomputer. If your friends are complaining that your e-mails, blog postsand chat sessions show a suspicious URL linking to photos, jokes orscreensavers that you hadn’t sent them, you’re probably another victimof this Trojan.

Trojan.Mespam was originally spotted in February and we described herethe new spreading technique, which uses an LSP component to attach textand malicious links to the outgoing HTTP traffic. In the Web 2.0...

Ron Bowes | 18 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

These days, awareness about identity theftis increasing. More and more people understand that they aren'tsupposed to give out personal information unless they know who they'retalking to. But no matter how much you protect yourself, you still haveto rely on others to do the same. That leads to an important question:who knows who I am?

My first thought is my family. If somebody called my mom and askedquestions about me, would she answer? What about my dad, or mygrandparents? While I may know enough to protect my own personalinformation, they may not be aware. This is even more likely if theperson digging up information pretends to be a friend or employer, orif my family thinks that I'm somehow threatened ("We need your son'ssocial security number immediately, or he's going to lose his job").

Speaking of employers, how many job applications have you filledout? And how many required your social security number? Personally, Ican think of a dozen employers in a wide...

Zulfikar Ramzan | 17 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

A while back, I blogged about the role of two-factor authentication tokens in protecting against phishing scams.Since then, the issue has come up again, and has recently has attractedmore attention, so I thought I’d spend some time here revisiting it.

First, let’s recall what two-factor authentication means. There arethree mechanisms we can use to prove to someone else that we are who wesay we are:
(1) something we have - a driver’s license, access card, or key
(2) something we are - a biometric like a fingerprint
(3) something we know - a password, or other common information aboutourselves (like a social security number, mailing address, or ourmother’s maiden name.)

Two-factor authentication simply refers to the idea ofauthenticating yourself using two of the above. Note that having twodifferent passwords is not...

Paul Mangan | 16 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

The use of self-propagating programs for legitimate purposes is one of those ideas that just refuses to die.

In the 1978, researchers at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)created worms that performed tasks that included system monitoring andwake up calls. However, in one case, the Xerox PARC ‘good’ worms thatwere supposed to run on a small set of machines, instead replicateduncontrollably across the network and started crashing machines.Fortunately, the Xerox PARC researchers had an independent terminationmechanism in the worm that enabled them to kill all copies of the wormon the network. Unfortunately, they still had 100 dead machines.

Since then, others have proposed using ‘good’ worms for purposessuch as compressing all files on a network, battling against ‘evil’worms, patching vulnerabilities, and looking for ways around Internetcensorship systems.

Unfortunately, people occasionally put these theories into practice.

Recently, we added...

Dave Cole | 16 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

For those of us who are not hardcore gamers (yours truly included),but have fond memories of playing Pitfall on the Atari 2600 or Pirateson an old Apple, the world of online gaming has been experiencing aperiod of explosive growth in recent years. The rapid increases inplayers and dollars flowing into the gaming industry go well beyond theconsole-based games such as Sony’s PS3 and Nintendo’s Wii and extend toPC-based games such as the hugely popular World of Warcraft (WoW) whichenjoys a thriving online population that recently reached over 6 million users worldwide.WoW is a massively multiplayer online game (MMOG) that allows playersfrom across the globe to interact socially in a persistent world wherethe player is represented by their in-game avatar who increases inskills, gains possessions and presumably builds relationships overtime. The MMOG market...

Ron Bowes | 15 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

For those of you who don't know orremember, a "companion virus" is a type of computer virus that tookadvantage of MS-DOS's filename matching. The companion virus wouldcreate a program with the same name as the "infected" file, but with adifferent extension, such as .com. For example, to infect a programcalled "innocent.exe," the virus could create one called ""that would be, ironically, malicious rather than innocent. Once thevirus had infected innocent.exe, typing "innocent" into the commandline would invoke the first program found alphabetically,"" Typically, the virus would execute the real program inaddition to running its payload, so as long as the virus was quickenough, the user wouldn't even know what had happened.

A similar concept is creating a program called "c:\program.exe." Ifthe user executed "c:\program files\innocent\innocent.exe," the program"c:\program.exe" could be run with "files\innocent\innocent.exe" as aparameter. This...

Kaoru Hayashi | 15 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

Recently we found a new malware called Infostealer.Snifula.C. Themain purpose of malware is to steal confidential information from acompromised computer and send it to a certain web site. The author ofthe malware can obtain the information from the site and make moneywith it. To make matters worse, the web site has no access control andanyone can access the information there.


As I'm writing this, more than 300MB logs are at the site and we cansee a huge collection of confidential information such as names,addresses, phone and credit card numbers, and login information foremail, online banking, MySpace, or eBay. And all of this informationcan be accessed through search engines.


Aaron Adams | 14 May 2007 07:00:00 GMT | 0 comments

The DeepSight Threat Analyst Team is constantly monitoring honeypotstermed “crawlers”, which are designed to crawl the Internet looking formaliciously-crafted web pages. These crawlers emulate users surfing theInternet with various browsers that may be susceptible to client-sideexploits hosted on Webpages. With the crawlers, we capture a lot of therun-of-the-mill malicious code using legacy web vulnerabilities.Malware authors especially like to spread using the (Microsoft MDAC RDS.Dataspace ActiveX Control Remote Code Execution Vulnerability BID 17462).

But among the legacy attacks, we run into much more interestingcompromises that ironically still install some of the same old malwarevariants. One of these interesting compromises was encountered on May8, 2007. A URL was distributed that was designed to look like itbelonged to the Halifax Online financial institute. However, theresulting site...