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  3. Microsoft Windows Color Management Module ICC Profile Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

Microsoft Windows Color Management Module ICC Profile Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

Risk

High

Date Discovered

July 12, 2005

Description

Microsoft Windows is prone to a buffer-overflow vulnerability in the Color Management Module. The issue is due to a boundary-condition error related to the parsing of ICC (International Color Consortium) Profile tags in various supported image and document formats. ICC Profile data may possibly be embedded in various file formats, including JPEG, GIF, EXIF, TIFF, PNG, PICT, PDF, PostScript, SVG, JDF, and CSS3. Some of these formats may not provide an attack vector, especially if Microsoft doesn't provide native support or doesn't call the vulnerable functionality when handling certain formats. Successful exploitation may result in the execution of arbitrary code in the context of the currently logged-in user. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by posting a malicious document on a website, by sending malicious content via email, or through other means. There is also a risk that other Microsoft or third-party applications that rely on the affected functionality may be vulnerable. Since a number of third-party applications may ship with vulnerable libraries, they may remain vulnerable despite having applied the Microsoft patch. Symantec is not aware of any such vendors at the time of writing.

Technologies Affected

  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP1
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP1
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP1
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP1
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 98
  • Microsoft Windows 98SE
  • Microsoft Windows ME
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition Itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition Itanium SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Datacenter x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition Itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition Itanium SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Standard x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Web Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Web Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows XP 64-bit Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP 64-bit Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows XP 64-bit Edition Version 2003
  • Microsoft Windows XP 64-bit Edition Version 2003 SP1
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home SP1
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP1
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition SP2
  • Nortel Networks Centrex IP Client Manager

Recommendations

Do not accept or execute files from untrusted or unknown sources.

Users should avoid accepting or opening any files that originate from an untrusted or unfamiliar source. This may limit exposure to some attack vectors of this vulnerability.

Do not follow links provided by unknown or untrusted sources.

Users should be wary of visiting sites of questionable integrity, especially if enticed to do so by an unfamiliar source through email or other means.

Implement multiple redundant layers of security.

Memory-protection schemes (such as nonexecutable stack/heap configurations and randomly mapped memory segments) may complicate exploitation of memory-corruption vulnerabilities.

Run all software as a nonprivileged user with minimal access rights.

To limit the impact of latent vulnerabilities, ensure that all nonadministrative tasks are performed as an unprivileged user with minimal access rights.
Microsoft has released patches to address this vulnerability in supported platforms. Nortel has released bulletin number 2005006061 describing vulnerable packages. Fixes are not currently available. Please see the referenced document for more information.

Credits

Discovery is credited to Shih-hao Weng of Information & Communication Security Technology Center (ICST).
Copyright © Symantec Corporation.
Permission to redistribute this alert electronically is granted as long as it is not edited in any way unless authorized by Symantec Security Response. Reprinting the whole or part of this alert in any medium other than electronically requires permission from secure@symantec.com.

Disclaimer
The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on, this information.
Symantec, Symantec products, Symantec Security Response, and secure@symantec.com are registered trademarks of Symantec Corp. and/or affiliated companies in the United States and other countries. All other registered and unregistered trademarks represented in this document are the sole property of their respective companies/owners.

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