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Microsoft Windows SMB NTLM Authentication Unauthorized Access Vulnerability

Risk

High

Date Discovered

February 9, 2010

Description

Microsoft Windows is prone to an unauthorized access vulnerability that affects the Microsoft Server Message Block (SMB) protocol software. An unauthenticated attacker can exploit this issue to gain access to resources with the privileges of an authorized user, which may lead to other attacks.

Technologies Affected

  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Windows 7 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Itanium SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 x64 SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems R2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems R2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Business SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Business SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Enterprise SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Enterprise SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Home Basic SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Home Basic SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Home Premium SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Home Premium SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Ultimate SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Ultimate SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition SP1
  • Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home SP3
  • Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition SP3
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP3
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition SP2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition SP3

Recommendations

Block external access at the network boundary, unless external parties require service.

Filter access to the affected computer at the network boundary if global access isn't needed. Restricting access to only trusted computers and networks might greatly reduce the likelihood of a successful exploit.

Deploy network intrusion detection systems to monitor network traffic for malicious activity.

Deploy NIDS to monitor network traffic for signs of anomalous or suspicious activity including unexplained incoming and outgoing traffic. This may indicate exploit attempts or activity that results from successful exploits.

Run all software as a nonprivileged user with minimal access rights.

To limit the impact of latent vulnerabilities, configure servers and other applications to run as a nonadministrative user with minimal access rights.

Do not follow links provided by unknown or untrusted sources.

Web users should be cautious about following links to websites that are provided by unfamiliar or suspicious sources. Filtering HTML from emails may help remove a possible vector for transmitting malicious links to users.
The vendor has released fixes. Please see the references for details.

Credits

Hernan Ochoa
Copyright © Symantec Corporation.
Permission to redistribute this alert electronically is granted as long as it is not edited in any way unless authorized by Symantec Security Response. Reprinting the whole or part of this alert in any medium other than electronically requires permission from secure@symantec.com.

Disclaimer
The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on, this information.
Symantec, Symantec products, Symantec Security Response, and secure@symantec.com are registered trademarks of Symantec Corp. and/or affiliated companies in the United States and other countries. All other registered and unregistered trademarks represented in this document are the sole property of their respective companies/owners.

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