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  3. W32.Mydoom.A@mm

W32.Mydoom.A@mm

Risk Level 2: Low

Discovered:
January 26, 2004
Updated:
February 13, 2007 12:16:57 PM
Also Known As:
W32.Novarg.A@mm, W32/Mydoom@MM [McAfee], WORM_MIMAIL.R [Trend], Win32.Mydoom.A [Computer Assoc, W32/Mydoom-A [Sophos], I-Worm.Novarg [Kaspersky]
Type:
Worm
Systems Affected:
Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP

When W32.Mydoom.A@mm is executed, it does the following:
  1. Creates the following files:
    • %System%\Shimgapi.dll: Shimgapi.dll acts as a proxy server, opening TCP listening ports in the range of 3127 to 3198. The backdoor also has the ability to download and execute arbitrary files.
    • %Temp%\Message: This file contains random letters and is displayed using Notepad.
    • %System%\Taskmon.exe.


      Notes:
    • Taskmon.exe is a legitimate file in the Windows 95/98/Me operating systems, but is in the %Windir% folder, not the %System% folder. (By default, this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt.) Do not delete the legitimate file in the %Windir% folder.
    • %System% is a variable: The worm locates the System folder and copies itself to that location. By default, this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).
    • %Temp% is a variable: The worm locates the temporary folder and copies itself to that location. By default, this is C:\Windows\TEMP (Windows 95/98/Me), or C:\WINNT\Temp (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Document and Settings\<UserName>\Local Settings\Temp (Windows XP).

  2. Adds the value:

    "(Default)" = "%System%\shimgapi.dll"

    to the registry key:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{E6FB5E20-DE35-11CF-9C87-00AA005127ED}\InProcServer32

    so that Explorer.exe loads Shimgapi.dll.

  3. Adds the value:

    "TaskMon" = "%System%\taskmon.exe"

    to the registry keys:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run


    so that TaskMon is run when you start Windows.

  4. Checks the system date, and if the date is between February 1, 2004 and February 12, 2004, there is a 25% chance the worm will perform a DoS attack against www.sco.com. The DoS is performed by creating 63 new threads that send GET requests and use a direct connection to port 80. The worm will not mass mail itself if the DoS attack is triggered.


    Notes:
    • The DoS attack will start at 16:09:18 UTC (08:09:18 PST) on February 1, 2004. The worm checks the local system time and date to determine if it should initiate the DoS attack.
    • Due to the way the worm verifies the system date, the DoS will only be executed on 25% of infected computers.
    • The DoS will only occur when the system date is checked during the initial infection, or if the computer is restarted.
    • The worm will use local DNS settings to resolve the domain name used in the DoS attack (www.sco.com).


  5. Creates the following registry keys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    Explorer\ComDlg32\Version

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    Explorer\ComDlg32\Version


  6. Searches for the email addresses in the files with the following extensions:
    • .htm
    • .sht
    • .php
    • .asp
    • .dbx
    • .tbb
    • .adb
    • .pl
    • .wab
    • .txt

  7. Attempts to send email messages using its own SMTP engine. The worm looks up the mail server that the recipient uses before sending the email. If it is unsuccessful, it will use the local mail server instead. The email will have the following characteristics:

    From: The "From" address may be spoofed.

    Subject: The subject will be one of the following:
    test
    hi
    hello
    Mail Delivery System
    Mail Transaction Failed
    Server Report
    Status
    Error

    Message: The message will be one of the following:
    Mail transaction failed. Partial message is available.
    The message contains Unicode characters and has been sent as a binary attachment.
    The message cannot be represented in 7-bit ASCII encoding and has been sent as a binary attachment.
    test

    Attachment: The attachment file name, not including the extension, will be one of the following:
    document
    readme
    doc
    text
    file
    data
    test
    message
    body

    The attached file may have either one or two file extensions. If it does have two, the first extension will be one of the following:
    .htm
    .txt
    .doc

    The second extension, or the only extension if there is only one, will be one of the following:
    .pif
    .scr
    .exe
    .cmd
    .bat
    .zip (This is an actual .zip file that contains a copy of the worm, sharing the same file name as the .zip. For example, readme.zip can contain readme.exe.)

    If the worm has an extension of .exe or .scr, the file will be displayed with the following icon:





    For all the other file extensions, it will use the icon for that file type.

  8. Copies itself to the Kazaa download folder as one of the following files:
    • winamp5
    • icq2004-final
    • activation_crack
    • strip-girl-2.0bdcom_patches
    • rootkitXP
    • office_crack
    • nuke2004

      with a file extension of:
    • .pif
    • .scr
    • .bat
    • .exe

Symantec Client Security
  • Antivirus component: An update for the Symantec Client Security AntiVirus engine to protect against the W32.Mydoom.A@mm/W32.Novarg.A@mm worm has been available for several days via LiveUpdate (see above).
  • Symantec Client Firewall: Symantec Client Firewall ships with the default ruleset as "High: Block everything until you allow it." It will notify the user of the exploit backdoor connection and prompt the user to Permit, Block, or Customize a rule for that connection attempt opened by the virus MyDoom/Novarg.

Symantec Gateway Security 1.0
An update for the Symantec Gateway Security IDS/IPS engine to protect against the W32.Mydoom.A@mm worm has been posted as of 9:24 PM PST 1/30/04. Symantec Gateway Security administrators are advised to run LiveUpdate to ensure protection against this threat.

Symantec Gateway Security 2.0
An update for the Symantec Gateway Security IDS/IPS engine to protect against the W32.Mydoom.A@mm worm has been posted as of 3:02 PM PST 1/29/04. Symantec Gateway Security administrators are advised to run LiveUpdate to ensure protection against this threat.

Intruder Alert
Symantec has released the Intruder Alert 3.6 W32_Novarg_Worm Policy.

Symantec HIDS 4.1.1
Symantec released a LiveUpdate package on January 27, 2004 for users of Symantec HIDS 4.1.1. See the Symantec Host IDS 4.1.1 Security Update 1 for additional information.

Symantec ManHunt
Security Update 17 has been released to provide signatures specific to the backdoor activity associated with the W32.Mydoom.A@mm Worm.

DoS detection via ManHunt Flow Alert Rules: The Symantec Network IDS team recommends that administrators use the Flow Alert Rule feature to log events for suspicious traffic to the SCO Web site on 2/1/2004 and the Microsoft Web site on 2/3/2004. For detailed instructions, read the Symantec Knowledge Base at: http://service1.symantec.com/SUPPORT/intrusiondetectkb.nsf/docid/2004012813061253

In addition, Symantec ManHunt 2.2/3.0/3.01 customers can apply the following signature to detect the attempted DoS against www.sco.com. This DoS will start occurring on February 1, 2004. On February 12, 2004 the worm has a trigger date to stop spreading. This signature will help in determining from which machines the request is being made.

*******************start file********************

alert tcp any any -> any 80 (msg:"W32_Novarg_SCO_DOS"; content:"GET / HTTP/1.1|0d0a|Host: www.sco.com|0d0a0d0a|"; offset:0; dsize:37;)

*************EOF*********************

For more information on creating custom signatures, refer to the "Symantec ManHunt Administrative Guide: Appendix A Custom Signatures for HYBRID Mode."

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Peter Ferrie
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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