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  3. Backdoor.Nuclear

Backdoor.Nuclear

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
November 29, 2005
Updated:
February 13, 2007 12:49:20 PM
Type:
Trojan Horse
Systems Affected:
Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP

When Backdoor.Nuclear is executed, it performs the following actions:
  1. May display a fake error message.

  2. Copies itself to a directory with a variable file name such as %Windir%\NR\[VARIABLE].exe.

    Notes:
    • %Windir% is a variable that refers to the Windows installation folder. By default, this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt.
    • The directory and file name may change, depending on the configurations set by the attacker when the Trojan was built.

  3. Drops the file %Windir%\NR\[VARIABLE].dll

    Note: The directory and file name may change, depending on the configurations set by the attacker when the Trojan was built.

  4. May create the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components\{411EDCF7-755D-414E-A74B-3DBB65570589}

  5. Adds the value:

    "example" = "%Windir%\NR\[VARIABLE].exe"

    to the registry subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    so that it runs every time Windows starts.

  6. Adds the value:

    "CommonStartup" = "%Windir%\NR"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders

    so that it runs every time Windows starts.

  7. Adds the value:

    "StubPath" = "%Windir%\NR\[VARIABLE].exe opt"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components\{411EDCF7-755D-414E-A74B-3DBB65570589}

    so that it runs every time Windows starts.

  8. Adds the value:

    "" = "rundll32.exe"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\dllfile\shell\open\command

    so that it runs every time Windows starts.

    Note: These registry values may vary, depending on the configurations set by the attacker when the Trojan was built.

  9. Connects to a remote IP and allows the remote attacker to perform the following actions on the compromised computer:

    • Capture screen and Web cam images
    • Log keystrokes
    • View system information
    • Control the mouse
    • Run scripts
    • Start a Socks 5 server
    • Start a web server
    • Run shell commands
    • Manage files, windows, processes and registries
    • Upload and download files
    • Display message boxes
    • Shut down the compromised computer
    • Perform port redirection

      Note: The IP address may change, depending on the configurations set by the attacker when the Trojan was built.


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Rodney Andres
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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