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  3. W32.Mytob.SA@mm

W32.Mytob.SA@mm

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
March 5, 2008
Updated:
March 5, 2008 10:19:31 PM
Type:
Worm
Infection Length:
94,287 bytes
Systems Affected:
Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows XP
Once executed, the worm copies itself to the following location:
%System%\wldmgr.exe

The worm periodically recreates the following registry entries so that it runs when Windows starts:
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"wldmgr" = "wldmgr.exe"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices\"wldmgr" = "wldmgr.exe"


The worm modifies the following registry entry to disable the Shared Access service in Windows 2000/XP:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\"Start" = "4"

It gathers email addresses from the Windows Address Book and from the following locations:
  • %Windir%\Temporary Internet Files
  • %Userprofile%\Local Settings\Temporary Internet Files
  • %System%


It then gathers email addresses from files with the following extensions on all local drives from C to Y:
  • .adb
  • .asp
  • .cgi
  • .dbx
  • .htm
  • .html
  • .jsp
  • .php
  • .sht
  • .tbb
  • .txt
  • .wab
  • .xml


The worm avoids sending itself to email addresses that contain any of the following strings:
  • abuse
  • accoun
  • admin
  • administrator
  • anyone
  • bsd
  • bugs
  • certific
  • contact
  • spam
  • feste
  • gold-certs
  • google
  • help
  • icrosoft
  • info
  • linux
  • listserv
  • mail
  • nobody
  • noone
  • not
  • nothing
  • ntivi
  • page
  • postmaster
  • privacy
  • rating
  • register
  • root
  • samples
  • secur
  • service
  • site
  • soft
  • somebody
  • someone
  • spm
  • submit
  • support
  • the.bat
  • unix
  • webmaster
  • www
  • you
  • your


The worm avoids sending itself to email addresses that contain any of the following strings in the domain name:
  • .gov
  • .mil
  • acketst
  • arin.
  • avp
  • berkeley
  • borlan
  • bsd
  • example
  • fido
  • foo.
  • fsf.
  • gnu
  • google
  • gov.
  • hotmail
  • iana
  • ibm.com
  • icrosof
  • ietf
  • inpris
  • isc.o
  • isi.e
  • kernel
  • linux
  • math
  • mit.e
  • mozilla
  • msn.
  • mydomai
  • nodomai
  • panda
  • pgp
  • rfc-ed
  • ripe.
  • ruslis
  • secur
  • sendmail
  • sopho
  • syma
  • tanford.e
  • unix
  • usenet
  • utgers.ed


It may append the following prefixes to domain names in an attempt to find Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) servers:
  • gate.
  • mail.
  • mail1.
  • mx.
  • mx1.
  • mxs.
  • ns.
  • relay.
  • smtp.


The worm uses its own SMTP engine to send itself to the email addresses that it finds. The email has the following characteristics:
From:
One of the following:
  • adam
  • alex
  • andrew
  • anna
  • bill
  • bob
  • brenda
  • brent
  • brian
  • claudia
  • dan
  • dave
  • david
  • debby
  • frank
  • fred
  • george
  • helen
  • jack
  • james
  • jane
  • jerry
  • jim
  • jimmy
  • joe
  • john
  • jose
  • josh
  • julie
  • kevin
  • leo
  • linda
  • maria
  • mary
  • matt
  • michael
  • mike
  • paul
  • peter
  • ray
  • robert
  • sandra
  • sales
  • sam
  • serg
  • smith
  • stan
  • steve
  • ted
  • tom


The worm may also spoof a From address from one of the addresses found on the compromised computer.

Subject:
  • *IMPORTANT* Information
  • Account Information
  • Account Status Updated
  • Critical Information
  • Important Data
  • Important Information
  • Important Notice
  • Important Notification
  • Information about your account
  • Information about your account
  • Notification regarding your account
  • Security Information
  • Warning: Read ASAP


Message Body:
One of the following:
  • Dear [USER NAME],
    Your account (%s) has been detected as sending large amounts of spam e-mail.
    If you believe this could be in error, please first review the attached evidence, If you need help resolving the problem then feel free to contact [DOMAIN] customer service at: [SPOOFED EMAIL]
    Thank you for using [DOMAIN]
    Sincerely, [DOMAIN] Customer Service
    === Attachment: Safe (No Virus)
    === %s Antivirus - www.[FULL DOMAIN]
  • Dear [USER NAME], \n
    It has come to our attention that your %s account information is outdated. Please see the attached document for further information.
    Thanks for using [DOMAIN]
    Sincerely, [DOMAIN] Customer Service
    === Attachment: Safe (No Virus)
    === %s Antivirus - www.[FULL DOMAIN]
  • Dear [USER NAME] Member,
    We have been forced to temporarily disable your account, [EMAIL].
    This is usually due to one of the following reasons:
    1. An unauthorized change to your personal information.
    2. Invalid account information provided when you created your account.
    3. Our inability to verify the information that you provided to us.
    Please view the attached document for information to reactivate your [EMAILl] account.
    Sincerely, [DOMAIN] Customer Service
    === Attachment: Safe (No Virus)
    === %s Antivirus - www.[FULL DOMAIN]


Note:
[DOMAIN] is the domain part of the recipient's email address, [USER NAME] is the username part of the recipient's email address, [SPOOFED EMAIL] is a spoofed email address on the same domain, and [EMAIL] is the recipient's email address.

Attachment:
One of the following:
  • document
  • important-details
  • important-doc
  • important-document
  • information
  • info-doc
  • readme.t

    with one of the following extensions:

  • .bat
  • .cmd
  • .exe
  • .pif
  • .scr

The attachment may also be a .zip file containing a copy of the worm with two file extensions. The copy of the worm will have .doc, .htm, or .txt as the first extension, and .exe, .pif, or .scr as the second extension.

The worm connects to an IRC server at 203.169.186.27 on TCP port 8080. The worm listens for commands that allow the remote attacker to perform any of the following actions:
  • Execute files
  • Download files
  • Perform other IRC commands determined by the remote attacker
  • Restart the compromised computer


The worm also blocks access to several security-related Web sites by appending the following text to the hosts file:
  • 127.0.0.1 www.symantec.com
  • 127.0.0.1 securityresponse.symantec.com
  • 127.0.0.1 symantec.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.sophos.com
  • 127.0.0.1 sophos.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.mcafee.com
  • 127.0.0.1 mcafee.com
  • 127.0.0.1 liveupdate.symantecliveupdate.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.viruslist.com
  • 127.0.0.1 viruslist.com
  • 127.0.0.1 viruslist.com
  • 127.0.0.1 f-secure.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.f-secure.com
  • 127.0.0.1 kaspersky.com
  • 127.0.0.1 kaspersky-labs.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.avp.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.kaspersky.com
  • 127.0.0.1 avp.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.networkassociates.com
  • 127.0.0.1 networkassociates.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.ca.com
  • 127.0.0.1 ca.com
  • 127.0.0.1 mast.mcafee.com
  • 127.0.0.1 my-etrust.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.my-etrust.com
  • 127.0.0.1 download.mcafee.com
  • 127.0.0.1 dispatch.mcafee.com
  • 127.0.0.1 secure.nai.com
  • 127.0.0.1 nai.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.nai.com
  • 127.0.0.1 update.symantec.com
  • 127.0.0.1 updates.symantec.com
  • 127.0.0.1 us.mcafee.com
  • 127.0.0.1 liveupdate.symantec.com
  • 127.0.0.1 customer.symantec.com
  • 127.0.0.1 rads.mcafee.com
  • 127.0.0.1 trendmicro.com
  • 127.0.0.1 pandasoftware.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.pandasoftware.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.trendmicro.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.grisoft.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.microsoft.com
  • 127.0.0.1 microsoft.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.virustotal.com
  • 127.0.0.1 virustotal.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.amazon.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.amazon.co.uk
  • 127.0.0.1 www.amazon.ca
  • 127.0.0.1 www.amazon.fr
  • 127.0.0.1 www.paypal.com
  • 127.0.0.1 paypal.com
  • 127.0.0.1 moneybookers.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.moneybookers.com
  • 127.0.0.1 www.ebay.com
  • 127.0.0.1 ebay.com


It attempts to end the following processes, some of which may be security-related:
  • _AVP32.EXE
  • _AVPCC.EXE
  • _AVPM.EXE
  • ACKWIN32.EXE
  • ADAWARE.EXE
  • ADVXDWIN.EXE
  • AGENTSVR.EXE
  • AGENTW.EXE
  • ALERTSVC.EXE
  • ALEVIR.EXE
  • ALOGSERV.EXE
  • AMON9X.EXE
  • ANTI-TROJAN.EXE
  • ANTIVIRUS.EXE
  • ANTS.EXE
  • APIMONITOR.EXE
  • APLICA32.EXE
  • APVXDWIN.EXE
  • ARR.EXE
  • ATCON.EXE
  • ATGUARD.EXE
  • ATRO55EN.EXE
  • ATUPDATER.EXE
  • ATWATCH.EXE
  • AU.EXE
  • AUPDATE.EXE
  • AUTO-PROTECT.NAV80TRY.EXE
  • AUTODOWN.EXE
  • AUTOTRACE.EXE
  • AUTOUPDATE.EXE
  • AVCONSOL.EXE
  • AVE32.EXE
  • AVGCC32.EXE
  • AVGCTRL.EXE
  • AVGNT.EXE
  • AVGSERV.EXE
  • AVGSERV9.EXE
  • AVGUARD.EXE
  • AVGW.EXE
  • AVKPOP.EXE
  • AVKSERV.EXE
  • AVKSERVICE.EXE
  • AVKWCTl9.EXE
  • AVLTMAIN.EXE
  • AVNT.EXE
  • AVP.EXE
  • AVP32.EXE
  • AVPCC.EXE
  • AVPDOS32.EXE
  • AVPM.EXE
  • AVPTC32.EXE
  • AVPUPD.EXE
  • AVSCHED32.EXE
  • AVSYNMGR.EXE
  • AVWINNT.EXE
  • AVWUPD.EXE
  • AVWUPD32.EXE
  • AVWUPSRV.EXE
  • AVXMONITOR9X.EXE
  • AVXMONITORNT.EXE
  • AVXQUAR.EXE
  • BACKWEB.EXE
  • BARGAINS.EXE
  • BD_PROFESSIONAL.EXE
  • BEAGLE.EXE
  • BELT.EXE
  • BIDEF.EXE
  • BIDSERVER.EXE
  • BIPCP.EXE
  • BIPCPEVALSETUP.EXE
  • BISP.EXE
  • BLACKD.EXE
  • BLACKICE.EXE
  • BLSS.EXE
  • BOOTCONF.EXE
  • BOOTWARN.EXE
  • BORG2.EXE
  • BPC.EXE
  • BRASIL.EXE
  • BS120.EXE
  • BUNDLE.EXE
  • BVT.EXE
  • CCAPP.EXE
  • CCEVTMGR.EXE
  • CCPXYSVC.EXE
  • CDP.EXE
  • CFD.EXE
  • CFGWIZ.EXE
  • CFIADMIN.EXE
  • CFIAUDIT.EXE
  • CFINET.EXE
  • CFINET32.EXE
  • CLAW95CF.EXE
  • CLEAN.EXE
  • CLEANER.EXE
  • CLEANER3.EXE
  • CLEANPC.EXE
  • CLICK.EXE
  • CMD.EXE
  • CMD32.EXE
  • CMESYS.EXE
  • CMGRDIAN.EXE
  • CMON016.EXE
  • CONNECTIONMONITOR.EXE
  • CPD.EXE
  • CPF9X206.EXE
  • CPFNT206.EXE
  • CTRL.EXE
  • CV.EXE
  • CWNB181.EXE
  • CWNTDWMO.EXE
  • DATEMANAGER.EXE
  • DCOMX.EXE
  • DEFALERT.EXE
  • DEFSCANGUI.EXE
  • DEFWATCH.EXE
  • DEPUTY.EXE
  • DIVX.EXE
  • DLLCACHE.EXE
  • DLLREG.EXE
  • DOORS.EXE
  • DPF.EXE
  • DPFSETUP.EXE
  • DPPS2.EXE
  • DRWATSON.EXE
  • DRWEB32.EXE
  • DRWEBUPW.EXE
  • DSSAGENT.EXE
  • DVP95.EXE
  • DVP95_0.EXE
  • ECENGINE.EXE
  • EFPEADM.EXE
  • EMSW.EXE
  • ENT.EXE
  • ESAFE.EXE
  • ESCANHNT.EXE
  • ESCANV95.EXE
  • ESPWATCH.EXE
  • ETHEREAL.EXE
  • ETRUSTCIPE.EXE
  • EVPN.EXE
  • EXANTIVIRUS-CNET.EXE
  • EXE.AVXW.EXE
  • EXPERT.EXE
  • EXPLORE.EXE
  • F-PROT.EXE
  • F-PROT95.EXE
  • F-STOPW.EXE
  • FAMEH32.EXE
  • FAST.EXE
  • FCH32.EXE
  • FIH32.EXE
  • FINDVIRU.EXE
  • FIREWALL.EXE
  • FNRB32.EXE
  • FP-WIN.EXE
  • FP-WIN_TRIAL.EXE
  • FPROT.EXE
  • FRW.EXE
  • FSAA.EXE
  • FSAV.EXE
  • FSAV32.EXE
  • FSAV530STBYB.EXE
  • FSAV530WTBYB.EXE
  • FSAV95.EXE
  • FSGK32.EXE
  • FSM32.EXE
  • FSMA32.EXE
  • FSMB32.EXE
  • GATOR.EXE
  • GBMENU.EXE
  • GBPOLL.EXE
  • GENERICS.EXE
  • GMT.EXE
  • GUARD.EXE
  • GUARDDOG.EXE
  • HACKTRACERSETUP.EXE
  • HBINST.EXE
  • HBSRV.EXE
  • HOTACTIO.EXE
  • HOTPATCH.EXE
  • HTLOG.EXE
  • HTPATCH.EXE
  • HWPE.EXE
  • HXDL.EXE
  • HXIUL.EXE
  • IAMAPP.EXE
  • IAMSERV.EXE
  • IAMSTATS.EXE
  • IBMASN.EXE
  • IBMAVSP.EXE
  • ICLOADNT.EXE
  • ICMON.EXE
  • ICSUPP95.EXE
  • ICSUPPNT.EXE
  • IDLE.EXE
  • IEDLL.EXE
  • IEDRIVER.EXE
  • IEXPLORER.EXE
  • IFACE.EXE
  • IFW2000.EXE
  • INETLNFO.EXE
  • INFUS.EXE
  • INFWIN.EXE
  • INIT.EXE
  • INTDEL.EXE
  • INTREN.EXE
  • IOMON98.EXE
  • ISTSVC.EXE
  • JAMMER.EXE
  • JDBGMRG.EXE
  • JEDI.EXE
  • KAVLITE40ENG.EXE
  • KAVPERS40ENG.EXE
  • KAVPF.EXE
  • KAZZA.EXE
  • KEENVALUE.EXE
  • KERIO-PF-213-EN-WIN.EXE
  • KERIO-WRL-421-EN-WIN.EXE
  • KERIO-WRP-421-EN-WIN.EXE
  • KERNEL32.EXE
  • KILLPROCESSSETUP161.EXE
  • LAUNCHER.EXE
  • LDNETMON.EXE
  • LDPRO.EXE
  • LDPROMENU.EXE
  • LDSCAN.EXE
  • LNETINFO.EXE
  • LOADER.EXE
  • LOCALNET.EXE
  • LOCKDOWN.EXE
  • LOCKDOWN2000.EXE
  • LOOKOUT.EXE
  • LORDPE.EXE
  • LSETUP.EXE
  • LUALL.EXE
  • LUAU.EXE
  • LUCOMSERVER.EXE
  • LUINIT.EXE
  • LUSPT.EXE
  • MAPISVC32.EXE
  • MCAGENT.EXE
  • MCMNHDLR.EXE
  • MCSHIELD.EXE
  • MCTOOL.EXE
  • MCUPDATE.EXE
  • MCVSRTE.EXE
  • MCVSSHLD.EXE
  • MD.EXE
  • MFIN32.EXE
  • MFW2EN.EXE
  • MFWENG3.02D30.EXE
  • MGAVRTCL.EXE
  • MGAVRTE.EXE
  • MGHTML.EXE
  • MGUI.EXE
  • MINILOG.EXE
  • MMOD.EXE
  • MONITOR.EXE
  • MOOLIVE.EXE
  • MOSTAT.EXE
  • MPFAGENT.EXE
  • MPFSERVICE.EXE
  • MPFTRAY.EXE
  • MRFLUX.EXE
  • MSAPP.EXE
  • MSBB.EXE
  • MSBLAST.EXE
  • MSCACHE.EXE
  • MSCCN32.EXE
  • MSCMAN.EXE
  • MSCONFIG.EXE
  • MSDM.EXE
  • MSDOS.EXE
  • MSIEXEC16.EXE
  • MSINFO32.EXE
  • MSLAUGH.EXE
  • MSMGT.EXE
  • MSMSGRI32.EXE
  • MSSMMC32.EXE
  • MSSYS.EXE
  • MSVXD.EXE
  • MU0311AD.EXE
  • MWATCH.EXE
  • N32SCANW.EXE
  • NAV.EXE
  • NAVAP.NAVAPSVC.EXE
  • NAVAPSVC.EXE
  • NAVAPW32.EXE
  • NAVDX.EXE
  • NAVLU32.EXE
  • NAVNT.EXE
  • NAVSTUB.EXE
  • NAVW32.EXE
  • NAVWNT.EXE
  • NC2000.EXE
  • NCINST4.EXE
  • NDD32.EXE
  • NEC.EXE
  • NEOMONITOR.EXE
  • NEOWATCHLOG.EXE
  • NETARMOR.EXE
  • NETD32.EXE
  • NETINFO.EXE
  • NETMON.EXE
  • NETSCANPRO.EXE
  • NETSPYHUNTER-1.2.EXE
  • NETSTAT.EXE
  • NETUTILS.EXE
  • NISSERV.EXE
  • NISUM.EXE
  • NMAIN.EXE
  • NOD32.EXE
  • NORMIST.EXE
  • NORTON_INTERNET_SECU_3.0_407.EXE
  • NOTSTART.EXE
  • NPF40_TW_98_NT_ME_2K.EXE
  • NPFMESSENGER.EXE
  • NPROTECT.EXE
  • NPSCHECK.EXE
  • NPSSVC.EXE
  • NSCHED32.EXE
  • NSSYS32.EXE
  • NSTASK32.EXE
  • NSUPDATE.EXE
  • NT.EXE
  • NTRTSCAN.EXE
  • NTVDM.EXE
  • NTXconfig.EXE
  • NUI.EXE
  • NUPGRADE.EXE
  • NVARCH16.EXE
  • NVC95.EXE
  • NVSVC32.EXE
  • NWINST4.EXE
  • NWSERVICE.EXE
  • NWTOOL16.EXE
  • OLLYDBG.EXE
  • ONSRVR.EXE
  • OPTIMIZE.EXE
  • OSTRONET.EXE
  • OTFIX.EXE
  • OUTPOST.EXE
  • OUTPOSTINSTALL.EXE
  • OUTPOSTPROINSTALL.EXE
  • PADMIN.EXE
  • PANIXK.EXE
  • PATCH.EXE
  • PAVCL.EXE
  • PAVPROXY.EXE
  • PAVSCHED.EXE
  • PAVW.EXE
  • PCFWALLICON.EXE
  • PCIP10117_0.EXE
  • PCSCAN.EXE
  • PDSETUP.EXE
  • PERISCOPE.EXE
  • PERSFW.EXE
  • PERSWF.EXE
  • PF2.EXE
  • PFWADMIN.EXE
  • PGMONITR.EXE
  • PINGSCAN.EXE
  • PLATIN.EXE
  • POP3TRAP.EXE
  • POPROXY.EXE
  • POPSCAN.EXE
  • PORTDETECTIVE.EXE
  • PORTMONITOR.EXE
  • POWERSCAN.EXE
  • PPINUPDT.EXE
  • PPTBC.EXE
  • PPVSTOP.EXE
  • PRIZESURFER.EXE
  • PRMT.EXE
  • PRMVR.EXE
  • PROCDUMP.EXE
  • PROCESSMONITOR.EXE
  • PROCEXPLORERV1.0.EXE
  • PROGRAMAUDITOR.EXE
  • PROPORT.EXE
  • PROTECTX.EXE
  • PSPF.EXE
  • PURGE.EXE
  • QCONSOLE.EXE
  • QSERVER.EXE
  • RAPAPP.EXE
  • RAV7.EXE
  • RAV7WIN.EXE
  • RAV8WIN32ENG.EXE
  • RAY.EXE
  • RB32.EXE
  • RCSYNC.EXE
  • REALMON.EXE
  • REGED.EXE
  • REGEDIT.EXE
  • REGEDT32.EXE
  • RESCUE.EXE
  • RESCUE32.EXE
  • RRGUARD.EXE
  • RSHELL.EXE
  • RTVSCAN.EXE
  • RTVSCN95.EXE
  • RULAUNCH.EXE
  • RUN32DLL.EXE
  • RUNDLL.EXE
  • RUNDLL16.EXE
  • RUXDLL32.EXE
  • SAFEWEB.EXE
  • SAHAGENT.EXE
  • SAVE.EXE
  • SAVENOW.EXE
  • SBSERV.EXE
  • SC.EXE
  • SCAM32.EXE
  • SCAN32.EXE
  • SCAN95.EXE
  • SCANPM.EXE
  • SCRSCAN.EXE
  • SETUP_FLOWPROTECTOR_US.EXE
  • SETUPVAMEEVAL.EXE
  • SFC.EXE
  • SGSSFW32.EXE
  • SH.EXE
  • SHELLSPYINSTALL.EXE
  • SHN.EXE
  • SHOWBEHIND.EXE
  • SMC.EXE
  • SMS.EXE
  • SMSS32.EXE
  • SOAP.EXE
  • SOFI.EXE
  • SPERM.EXE
  • SPF.EXE
  • SPHINX.EXE
  • SPOLER.EXE
  • SPOOLCV.EXE
  • SPOOLSV32.EXE
  • SPYXX.EXE
  • SREXE.EXE
  • SRNG.EXE
  • SS3EDIT.EXE
  • SSG_4104.EXE
  • SSGRATE.EXE
  • ST2.EXE
  • START.EXE
  • STCLOADER.EXE
  • SUPFTRL.EXE
  • SUPPORT.EXE
  • SUPPORTER5.EXE
  • SVC.EXE
  • SVCHOSTC.EXE
  • SVCHOSTS.EXE
  • SVSHOST.EXE
  • SWEEP95.EXE
  • SWEEPNET.SWEEPSRV.SYS.SWNETSUP.EXE
  • SYMPROXYSVC.EXE
  • SYMTRAY.EXE
  • SYSEDIT.EXE
  • SYSTEM.EXE
  • SYSTEM32.EXE
  • SYSUPD.EXE
  • TASKMG.EXE
  • TASKMGR.EXE
  • TASKMO.EXE
  • TASKMON.EXE
  • TAUMON.EXE
  • TBSCAN.EXE
  • TC.EXE
  • TCA.EXE
  • TCM.EXE
  • TDS-3.EXE
  • TDS2-NT.EXE
  • TEEKIDS.EXE
  • TFAK.EXE
  • TFAK5.EXE
  • TGBOB.EXE
  • TITANIN.EXE
  • TITANINXP.EXE
  • TRACERT.EXE
  • TRICKLER.EXE
  • TRJSCAN.EXE
  • TRJSETUP.EXE
  • TROJANTRAP3.EXE
  • TSADBOT.EXE
  • TVMD.EXE
  • TVTMD.EXE
  • UNDOBOOT.EXE
  • UPDAT.EXE
  • UPDATE.EXE
  • UPGRAD.EXE
  • UTPOST.EXE
  • VBCMSERV.EXE
  • VBCONS.EXE
  • VBUST.EXE
  • VBWIN9X.EXE
  • VBWINNTW.EXE
  • VCSETUP.EXE
  • VET32.EXE
  • VET95.EXE
  • VETTRAY.EXE
  • VFSETUP.EXE
  • VIR-HELP.EXE
  • VIRUSMDPERSONALFIREWALL.EXE
  • VNLAN300.EXE
  • VNPC3000.EXE
  • VPC32.EXE
  • VPC42.EXE
  • VPFW30S.EXE
  • VPTRAY.EXE
  • VSCAN40.EXE
  • VSCENU6.02D30.EXE
  • VSCHED.EXE
  • VSECOMR.EXE
  • VSHWIN32.EXE
  • VSISETUP.EXE
  • VSMAIN.EXE
  • VSMON.EXE
  • VSSTAT.EXE
  • VSWIN9XE.EXE
  • VSWINNTSE.EXE
  • VSWINPERSE.EXE
  • W32DSM89.EXE
  • W9X.EXE
  • WATCHDOG.EXE
  • WEBDAV.EXE
  • WEBSCANX.EXE
  • WEBTRAP.EXE
  • WFINDV32.EXE
  • WHOSWATCHINGME.EXE
  • WIMMUN32.EXE
  • WIN-BUGSFIX.EXE
  • WIN32.EXE
  • WIN32US.EXE
  • WINACTIVE.EXE
  • WINDOW.EXE
  • WINDOWS.EXE
  • WININETD.EXE
  • WININIT.EXE
  • WININITX.EXE
  • WINLOGIN.EXE
  • WINMAIN.EXE
  • WINNET.EXE
  • WINPPR32.EXE
  • WINRECON.EXE
  • WINSERVN.EXE
  • WINSSK32.EXE
  • WINSTART.EXE
  • WINSTART001.EXE
  • WINTSK32.EXE
  • WINUPDATE.EXE
  • WKUFIND.EXE
  • WNAD.EXE
  • WNT.EXE
  • WRADMIN.EXE
  • WRCTRL.EXE
  • WSBGATE.EXE
  • WUPDATER.EXE
  • WUPDT.EXE
  • WYVERNWORKSFIREWALL.EXE
  • XPF202EN.EXE
  • ZAPRO.EXE
  • ZAPSETUP3001.EXE
  • ZATUTOR.EXE
  • ZONALM2601.EXE
  • ZONEALARM.EXE

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Sean Kiernan
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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