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  3. W32.Sality.AM

W32.Sality.AM

Risk Level 2: Low

Discovered:
April 18, 2009
Updated:
April 19, 2009 10:49:10 AM
Type:
Virus
Infection Length:
69,632 bytes
Systems Affected:
Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows XP
When the threat is executed, it creates the following file:
%System%\drivers\[RANDOM NAME].sys (W32.HLLP.Sality)

The .sys file is then executed as a service with the following name and then deleted:
abp470n5

The service acts as filter on the IPFILTERDRIVER service. It monitors for and drops network packets containing any of the following strings:
  • upload_virus
  • sality-remov
  • virusinfo.
  • cureit.
  • drweb.
  • onlinescan.
  • spywareinfo.
  • ewido.
  • virusscan.
  • windowsecurity.
  • spywareguide.
  • bitdefender.
  • pandasoftware.
  • agnmitum.
  • virustotal.
  • sophos.
  • trendmicro.
  • etrust.com
  • symantec.
  • mcafee.
  • f-secure.
  • eset.com
  • kaspersky
  • aPv

It then creates the following registry entries:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\[RANDOM CHARACTERS]\"V[NUMBER]_[THREE RANDOM NUMBER]" = [RANDOM VALUE]
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\"GlobalUserOffline" = "0"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\system\"EnableLUA" = "0
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Tracing\FWCFG\"ConsoleTracingMask" = "4294901760"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Tracing\FWCFG\"EnableConsoleTracing" = "0"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Tracing\FWCFG\"EnableFileTracing" = "0"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Tracing\FWCFG\"FileDirectory" = "%Windir%\tracing"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Tracing\FWCFG\"FileTracingMask" = "4294901760"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Tracing\FWCFG\"MaxFileSize" = "1048576"


It also sets the following registry entries to change security settings:
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center\Svc\"FirewallDisableNotify" = "1"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center\Svc\"FirewallOverride" = "1"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center\"UacDisableNotify" = "1"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center\Svc\"UacDisableNotify" = "1"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile\"DoNotAllowExceptions" = "0"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile\AuthorizedApplications\List\"%SystemDrive%\[ORIGINAL THREAT FILE NAME].exe" = "%SystemDrive%\[ORIGINAL THREAT FILE NAME].exe:*:Enabled:ipsec"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile\AuthorizedApplications\List\"%Windir%\Explorer.EXE" = "%Windir%\Explorer.EXE:*:Enabled:ipsec"


It deletes all registry entries under the following registry subkeys:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Stats
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Stats
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Stats
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Stats
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Browser Helper Objects
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Browser Helper Objects


Next, it attempts to stop services with names that contains any of the following strings:
  • Agnitum Client Security Service
  • ALG
  • Amon monitor
  • aswUpdSv
  • aswMon2
  • aswRdr
  • aswSP
  • aswTdi
  • aswFsBlk
  • acssrv
  • AV Engine
  • avast! iAVS4 Control Service
  • avast! Antivirus
  • avast! Mail Scanner
  • avast! Web Scanner
  • avast! Asynchronous Virus Monitor
  • avast! Self Protection
  • AVG E-mail Scanner
  • Avira AntiVir Premium Guard
  • Avira AntiVir Premium WebGuard
  • Avira AntiVir Premium MailGuard
  • avp1
  • BackWeb Plug-in - 4476822
  • bdss
  • BGLiveSvc
  • BlackICE
  • CAISafe
  • ccEvtMgr
  • ccProxy
  • ccSetMgr
  • COMODO Firewall Pro Sandbox Driver
  • cmdGuard
  • cmdAgent
  • Eset Service
  • Eset HTTP Server
  • Eset Personal Firewall
  • F-Prot Antivirus Update Monitor
  • fsbwsys
  • FSDFWD
  • F-Secure Gatekeeper Handler Starter
  • FSMA
  • Google Online Services
  • InoRPC
  • InoRT
  • InoTask
  • ISSVC
  • KPF4
  • KLIF
  • LavasoftFirewall
  • LIVESRV
  • McAfeeFramework
  • McShield
  • McTaskManager
  • navapsvc
  • NOD32krn
  • NPFMntor
  • NSCService
  • Outpost Firewall main module
  • OutpostFirewall
  • PAVFIRES
  • PAVFNSVR
  • PavProt
  • PavPrSrv
  • PAVSRV
  • PcCtlCom
  • PersonalFirewal
  • PREVSRV
  • ProtoPort Firewall service
  • PSIMSVC
  • RapApp
  • SmcService
  • SNDSrvc
  • SPBBCSvc
  • SpIDer FS Monitor for Windows NT
  • SpIDer Guard File System Monitor
  • SPIDERNT
  • Symantec Core LC
  • Symantec Password Validation
  • Symantec AntiVirus Definition Watcher
  • SavRoam
  • Symantec AntiVirus
  • Tmntsrv
  • TmPfw
  • tmproxy
  • tcpsr
  • UmxAgent
  • UmxCfg
  • UmxLU
  • UmxPol
  • vsmon
  • VSSERV
  • WebrootDesktopFirewallDataService
  • WebrootFirewall
  • XCOMM
  • AVP


It also attempts to end processes with names that contain any of the following strings:
  • _AVPM.
  • A2GUARD.
  • AAVSHIELD.
  • AVAST
  • ADVCHK.
  • AHNSD.
  • AIRDEFENSE
  • ALERTSVC
  • ALOGSERV
  • ALSVC.
  • AMON.
  • ANTI-TROJAN.
  • AVZ.
  • ANTIVIR
  • APVXDWIN.
  • ARMOR2NET.
  • ASHAVAST.
  • ASHDISP.
  • ASHENHCD.
  • ASHMAISV.
  • ASHPOPWZ.
  • ASHSERV.
  • ASHSIMPL.
  • ASHSKPCK.
  • ASHWEBSV.
  • ASWUPDSV.
  • ATCON.
  • ATUPDATER.
  • ATWATCH.
  • AVCIMAN.
  • AVCONSOL.
  • AVENGINE.
  • AVESVC.
  • AVGAMSVR.
  • AVGCC.
  • AVGCC32.
  • AVGCTRL.
  • AVGEMC.
  • AVGFWSRV.
  • AVGNT.
  • AVGNTDD
  • AVGNTMGR
  • AVGSERV.
  • AVGUARD.
  • AVGUPSVC.
  • AVINITNT.
  • AVKSERV.
  • AVKSERVICE.
  • AVKWCTL.
  • AVP.
  • AVP32.
  • AVPCC.
  • AVPM.
  • AVAST
  • AVSERVER.
  • AVSCHED32.
  • AVSYNMGR.
  • AVWUPD32.
  • AVWUPSRV.
  • AVXMONITOR9X.
  • AVXMONITORNT.
  • AVXQUAR.
  • BDMCON.
  • BDNEWS.
  • BDSUBMIT.
  • BDSWITCH.
  • BLACKD.
  • BLACKICE.
  • CAFIX.
  • CCAPP.
  • CCEVTMGR.
  • CCPROXY.
  • CCSETMGR.
  • CFIAUDIT.
  • CLAMTRAY.
  • CLAMWIN.
  • CLAW95.
  • CUREIT
  • DEFWATCH.
  • DRVIRUS.
  • DRWADINS.
  • DRWEB32W.
  • DRWEBSCD.
  • DRWEBUPW.
  • DWEBLLIO
  • DWEBIO
  • ESCANH95.
  • ESCANHNT.
  • EWIDOCTRL.
  • EZANTIVIRUSREGISTRATIONCHECK.
  • F-AGNT95.
  • FAMEH32.
  • FILEMON
  • FIRESVC.
  • FIRETRAY.
  • FIREWALL.
  • FPAVUPDM.
  • F-PROT95.
  • FRESHCLAM.
  • EKRN.
  • FSAV32.
  • FSAVGUI.
  • FSBWSYS.
  • F-SCHED.
  • FSDFWD.
  • FSGK32.
  • FSGK32ST.
  • FSGUIEXE.
  • FSMA32.
  • FSMB32.
  • FSPEX.
  • FSSM32.
  • F-STOPW.
  • GCASDTSERV.
  • GCASSERV.
  • GIANTANTISPYWAREMAIN.
  • GIANTANTISPYWAREUPDATER.
  • GUARDGUI.
  • GUARDNT.
  • HREGMON.
  • HRRES.
  • HSOCKPE.
  • HUPDATE.
  • IAMAPP.
  • IAMSERV.
  • ICLOAD95.
  • ICLOADNT.
  • ICMON.
  • ICSSUPPNT.
  • ICSUPP95.
  • ICSUPPNT.
  • IFACE.
  • INETUPD.
  • INOCIT.
  • INORPC.
  • INORT.
  • INOTASK.
  • INOUPTNG.
  • IOMON98.
  • ISAFE.
  • ISATRAY.
  • ISRV95.
  • ISSVC.
  • KAV.
  • KAVMM.
  • KAVPF.
  • KAVPFW.
  • KAVSTART.
  • KAVSVC.
  • KAVSVCUI.
  • KMAILMON.
  • KPFWSVC.
  • MCAGENT.
  • MCMNHDLR.
  • MCREGWIZ.
  • MCUPDATE.
  • MCVSSHLD.
  • MINILOG.
  • MYAGTSVC.
  • MYAGTTRY.
  • NAVAPSVC.
  • NAVAPW32.
  • NAVLU32.
  • NAVW32.
  • NEOWATCHLOG.
  • NEOWATCHTRAY.
  • NISSERV
  • NISUM.
  • NMAIN.
  • NOD32
  • NORMIST.
  • NOTSTART.
  • NPAVTRAY.
  • NPFMNTOR.
  • NPFMSG.
  • NPROTECT.
  • NSCHED32.
  • NSMDTR.
  • NSSSERV.
  • NSSTRAY.
  • NTRTSCAN.
  • NTOS.
  • NTXCONFIG.
  • NUPGRADE.
  • NVCOD.
  • NVCTE.
  • NVCUT.
  • NWSERVICE.
  • OFCPFWSVC.
  • OUTPOST
  • OP_MON.
  • PAVFIRES.
  • PAVFNSVR.
  • PAVKRE.
  • PAVPROT.
  • PAVPROXY.
  • PAVPRSRV.
  • PAVSRV51.
  • PAVSS.
  • PCCGUIDE.
  • PCCIOMON.
  • PCCNTMON.
  • PCCPFW.
  • PCCTLCOM.
  • PCTAV.
  • PERSFW.
  • PERTSK.
  • PERVAC.
  • PNMSRV.
  • POP3TRAP.
  • POPROXY.
  • PREVSRV.
  • PSIMSVC.
  • QHM32.
  • QHONLINE.
  • QHONSVC.
  • QHPF.
  • QHWSCSVC.
  • RAVMON.
  • RAVTIMER.
  • AVGNT
  • AVCENTER.
  • RFWMAIN.
  • RTVSCAN.
  • RTVSCN95.
  • RULAUNCH.
  • SALITY
  • SAVADMINSERVICE.
  • SAVMAIN.
  • SAVPROGRESS.
  • SAVSCAN.
  • SCANNINGPROCESS.
  • CUREIT
  • SDHELP.
  • SHSTAT.
  • SITECLI.
  • SPBBCSVC.
  • SPHINX.
  • SPIDERCPL.
  • SPIDERML.
  • SPIDERNT.
  • SPIDERUI.
  • SPYBOTSD.
  • SPYXX.
  • SS3EDIT.
  • STOPSIGNAV.
  • SWAGENT.
  • SWDOCTOR.
  • SWNETSUP.
  • SYMLCSVC.
  • SYMPROXYSVC.
  • SYMSPORT.
  • SYMWSC.
  • SYNMGR.
  • TAUMON.
  • TBMON.
  • AVAST
  • TFAK.
  • THAV.
  • THSM.
  • TMAS.
  • TMLISTEN.
  • TMNTSRV.
  • TMPFW.
  • TMPROXY.
  • TNBUTIL.
  • TRJSCAN.
  • UP2DATE.
  • VBA32ECM.
  • VBA32IFS.
  • VBA32LDR.
  • VBA32PP3.
  • VBSNTW.
  • VCHK.
  • VCRMON.
  • VETTRAY.
  • VIRUSKEEPER.
  • VPTRAY.
  • VRFWSVC.
  • VRMONNT.
  • VRMONSVC.
  • VRRW32.
  • VSECOMR.
  • VSHWIN32.
  • VSMON.
  • VSSERV.
  • VSSTAT.
  • WATCHDOG.
  • WEBPROXY.
  • WEBSCANX.
  • WEBTRAP.
  • WGFE95.
  • WINAW32.
  • WINROUTE.
  • WINSS.
  • WINSSNOTIFY.
  • WRCTRL.
  • XCOMMSVR.
  • ZAUINST
  • ZLCLIENT
  • ZONEALARM


The threat will also end processes which load any of the following modules into memory:
  • DWEBLLIO
  • DWEBIO


It deletes files with names that contains any of the following strings:
  • .VDB
  • .AVC
  • .KEY


Next, it checks the following registry subkeys and infects any files listed within them:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\MUICache
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run


The threat then enumerates network resources using the WNetOpenEnumA API. If any resources are found, it then searches it for executable files to infect.

It then checks for removable drives and attempts to copy an infected copies of notepad.exe or winmime.exe as one of the following files:
  • [RANDOM NAME].exe
  • [RANDOM NAME].cmd
  • [RANDOM NAME].pif


An autorun.inf file is created in order to execute the threat when the removable drive is inserted into another computer.

The threat avoids infecting files with any of the following strings in the file name:
  • _AVPM.
  • A2GUARD.
  • AAVSHIELD.
  • AVAST
  • ADVCHK.
  • AHNSD.
  • AIRDEFENSE
  • ALERTSVC
  • ALOGSERV
  • ALSVC.
  • AMON.
  • ANTI-TROJAN.
  • AVZ.
  • ANTIVIR
  • APVXDWIN.
  • ARMOR2NET.
  • ASHAVAST.
  • ASHDISP.
  • ASHENHCD.
  • ASHMAISV.
  • ASHPOPWZ.
  • ASHSERV.
  • ASHSIMPL.
  • ASHSKPCK.
  • ASHWEBSV.
  • ASWUPDSV.
  • ATCON.
  • ATUPDATER.
  • ATWATCH.
  • AVCIMAN.
  • AVCONSOL.
  • AVENGINE.
  • AVESVC.
  • AVGAMSVR.
  • AVGCC.
  • AVGCC32.
  • AVGCTRL.
  • AVGEMC.
  • AVGFWSRV.
  • AVGNT.
  • AVGNTDD
  • AVGNTMGR
  • AVGSERV.
  • AVGUARD.
  • AVGUPSVC.
  • AVINITNT.
  • AVKSERV.
  • AVKSERVICE.
  • AVKWCTL.
  • AVP.
  • AVP32.
  • AVPCC.
  • AVPM.
  • AVAST
  • AVSERVER.
  • AVSCHED32.
  • AVSYNMGR.
  • AVWUPD32.
  • AVWUPSRV.
  • AVXMONITOR9X.
  • AVXMONITORNT.
  • AVXQUAR.
  • BDMCON.
  • BDNEWS.
  • BDSUBMIT.
  • BDSWITCH.
  • BLACKD.
  • BLACKICE.
  • CAFIX.
  • CCAPP.
  • CCEVTMGR.
  • CCPROXY.
  • CCSETMGR.
  • CFIAUDIT.
  • CLAMTRAY.
  • CLAMWIN.
  • CLAW95.
  • CUREIT
  • DEFWATCH.
  • DRVIRUS.
  • DRWADINS.
  • DRWEB32W.
  • DRWEBSCD.
  • DRWEBUPW.
  • DWEBLLIO
  • DWEBIO
  • ESCANH95.
  • ESCANHNT.
  • EWIDOCTRL.
  • EZANTIVIRUSREGISTRATIONCHECK.
  • F-AGNT95.
  • FAMEH32.
  • FILEMON
  • FIRESVC.
  • FIRETRAY.
  • FIREWALL.
  • FPAVUPDM.
  • F-PROT95.
  • FRESHCLAM.
  • EKRN.
  • FSAV32.
  • FSAVGUI.
  • FSBWSYS.
  • F-SCHED.
  • FSDFWD.
  • FSGK32.
  • FSGK32ST.
  • FSGUIEXE.
  • FSMA32.
  • FSMB32.
  • FSPEX.
  • FSSM32.
  • F-STOPW.
  • GCASDTSERV.
  • GCASSERV.
  • GIANTANTISPYWAREMAIN.
  • GIANTANTISPYWAREUPDATER.
  • GUARDGUI.
  • GUARDNT.
  • HREGMON.
  • HRRES.
  • HSOCKPE.
  • HUPDATE.
  • IAMAPP.
  • IAMSERV.
  • ICLOAD95.
  • ICLOADNT.
  • ICMON.
  • ICSSUPPNT.
  • ICSUPP95.
  • ICSUPPNT.
  • IFACE.
  • INETUPD.
  • INOCIT.
  • INORPC.
  • INORT.
  • INOTASK.
  • INOUPTNG.
  • IOMON98.
  • ISAFE.
  • ISATRAY.
  • ISRV95.
  • ISSVC.
  • KAV.
  • KAVMM.
  • KAVPF.
  • KAVPFW.
  • KAVSTART.
  • KAVSVC.
  • KAVSVCUI.
  • KMAILMON.
  • KPFWSVC.
  • MCAGENT.
  • MCMNHDLR.
  • MCREGWIZ.
  • MCUPDATE.
  • MCVSSHLD.
  • MINILOG.
  • MYAGTSVC.
  • MYAGTTRY.
  • NAVAPSVC.
  • NAVAPW32.
  • NAVLU32.
  • NAVW32.
  • NEOWATCHLOG.
  • NEOWATCHTRAY.
  • NISSERV
  • NISUM.
  • NMAIN.
  • NOD32
  • NORMIST.
  • NOTSTART.
  • NPAVTRAY.
  • NPFMNTOR.
  • NPFMSG.
  • NPROTECT.
  • NSCHED32.
  • NSMDTR.
  • NSSSERV.
  • NSSTRAY.
  • NTRTSCAN.
  • NTOS.
  • NTXCONFIG.
  • NUPGRADE.
  • NVCOD.
  • NVCTE.
  • NVCUT.
  • NWSERVICE.
  • OFCPFWSVC.
  • OUTPOST
  • OP_MON.
  • PAVFIRES.
  • PAVFNSVR.
  • PAVKRE.
  • PAVPROT.
  • PAVPROXY.
  • PAVPRSRV.
  • PAVSRV51.
  • PAVSS.
  • PCCGUIDE.
  • PCCIOMON.
  • PCCNTMON.
  • PCCPFW.
  • PCCTLCOM.
  • PCTAV.
  • PERSFW.
  • PERTSK.
  • PERVAC.
  • PNMSRV.
  • POP3TRAP.
  • POPROXY.
  • PREVSRV.
  • PSIMSVC.
  • QHM32.
  • QHONLINE.
  • QHONSVC.
  • QHPF.
  • QHWSCSVC.
  • RAVMON.
  • RAVTIMER.
  • AVGNT
  • AVCENTER.
  • RFWMAIN.
  • RTVSCAN.
  • RTVSCN95.
  • RULAUNCH.
  • SALITY
  • SAVADMINSERVICE.
  • SAVMAIN.
  • SAVPROGRESS.
  • SAVSCAN.
  • SCANNINGPROCESS.
  • CUREIT
  • SDHELP.
  • SHSTAT.
  • SITECLI.
  • SPBBCSVC.
  • SPHINX.
  • SPIDERCPL.
  • SPIDERML.
  • SPIDERNT.
  • SPIDERUI.
  • SPYBOTSD.
  • SPYXX.
  • SS3EDIT.
  • STOPSIGNAV.
  • SWAGENT.
  • SWDOCTOR.
  • SWNETSUP.
  • SYMLCSVC.
  • SYMPROXYSVC.
  • SYMSPORT.
  • SYMWSC.
  • SYNMGR.
  • TAUMON.
  • TBMON.
  • AVAST
  • TFAK.
  • THAV.
  • THSM.
  • TMAS.
  • TMLISTEN.
  • TMNTSRV.
  • TMPFW.
  • TMPROXY.
  • TNBUTIL.
  • TRJSCAN.
  • UP2DATE.
  • VBA32ECM.
  • VBA32IFS.
  • VBA32LDR.
  • VBA32PP3.
  • VBSNTW.
  • VCHK.
  • VCRMON.
  • VETTRAY.
  • VIRUSKEEPER.
  • VPTRAY.
  • VRFWSVC.
  • VRMONNT.
  • VRMONSVC.
  • VRRW32.
  • VSECOMR.
  • VSHWIN32.
  • VSMON.
  • VSSERV.
  • VSSTAT.
  • WATCHDOG.
  • WEBPROXY.
  • WEBSCANX.
  • WEBTRAP.
  • WGFE95.
  • WINAW32.
  • WINROUTE.
  • WINSS.
  • WINSSNOTIFY.
  • WRCTRL.
  • XCOMMSVR.
  • ZAUINST
  • ZLCLIENT
  • ZONEALARM


It then adds the following entry to the %Windir%\system.ini file:
[MCIDRV_VER]

The threat then checks the following URLs in order to download instructions which may instruct it to download other potentially malicious files onto the computer:
  • [http://]hotelkalingaindore.com/logo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]lasercareindia.com/main[REMOVED]

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Piotr Krysiuk and Kaoru Hayashi
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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