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Trojan.Ransompage

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
July 24, 2009
Updated:
July 25, 2009 1:10:55 AM
Also Known As:
Ransom-J [McAfee]
Type:
Trojan
Infection Length:
159,801 bytes
Systems Affected:
Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows XP
The Trojan may be dropped by other malware or downloaded from malicious Web sites.

Once executed, the Trojan creates the following folders:

  • %ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\extensions\{9CF826EF-2211-4747-ACD8-711F744C2424}
  • %ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\extensions\{9CF826EF-2211-4747-ACD8-711F744C2424}\chrome
  • %ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\extensions\{9CF826EF-2211-4747-ACD8-711F744C2424}\chrome\content
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Opera\Opera\profile\scripts
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\History\History.IE5\MSHist012009072520090726


Then, the Trojan creates the following files:

  • %ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\extensions\{9CF826EF-2211-4747-ACD8-711F744C2424}\chrome.manifest
  • %ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\extensions\{9CF826EF-2211-4747-ACD8-711F744C2424}\chrome\content\informer.js
  • %ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\extensions\{9CF826EF-2211-4747-ACD8-711F744C2424}\chrome\content\informer.xul
  • %ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\extensions\{9CF826EF-2211-4747-ACD8-711F744C2424}\install.rdf
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\msmedia.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Opera\Opera\profile\scripts\feeder.js
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\History\History.IE5\MSHist012009072520090726\index.dat


The Trojan modifies the following files:

  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\lebf3aye.default\extensions.cache
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Opera\Opera\profile\opera6.ini


The Trojan deletes the following file:
%UserProfile%\History\History.IE5\MSHist012006112920061130\index.dat

The Trojan also deletes the following folder:
%UserProfile%\Local Settings\History\History.IE5\MSHist012006112920061130

The Trojan creates the following registry subkeys:

  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\ Explorer
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\ Explorer\Main
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts\.wsf
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts\.wsf\OpenWithList
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts\.wsf\OpenWithProgids
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\5.0\Cache\Extensible Cache\MSHist012009072520090726
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{9D64F819-9380-8473-DAB2-702FCB3D7A3E}
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{9D64F819-9380-8473-DAB2-702FCB3D7A3E}\InprocServer32
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Browser Helper Objects\{88888888-8888-8888-8888-888888888888}
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Browser Helper Objects\{9D64F819-9380-8473-DAB2-702FCB3D7A3E}


The Trojan modifies the following registry entries:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Prefetcher\"TracesProcessed" = "0x00000000"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Prefetcher\"TracesProcessed" = "0x00000032"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Prefetcher\"TracesSuccessful" = "0x00000000"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Prefetcher\"TracesSuccessful" = "0x00000031"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Prefetcher\"LastTraceFailure" = "0x00000000"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Prefetcher\"LastTraceFailure" = "0x00000004"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\kmixer\Enum\"Count" = "0x00000000"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\kmixer\Enum\"Count" = "0x00000001"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\kmixer\Enum\"NextInstance" = "0x00000000"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\kmixer\Enum\"NextInstance" = "0x00000001"


The Trojan deletes the following registry subkey:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\5.0\Cache\Extensible Cache\MSHist012006112920061130

The Trojan displays an image when the following Web Browsers are launched:

  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Opera Web Browser


The Trojan displays the following image with ransom instructions in Russian on every Web site:



Translated from Russian:

If you installed an advertising module has been, but you have chosen to unsubscribe, you send the MC to short number specified below. Code allows you to remove the received news ticker.
1 Informer removed automatically after 30 days.
2 free porn video archives.
3 technical support service.

To remove the informer, send SMS message with text 87654 to number 9800.
Enter the code, received in response, MC

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Nino Gutierrez & Liam OMurchu
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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