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Android.Goldeneagle

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
September 1, 2011
Updated:
September 1, 2011 10:37:12 AM
Type:
Trojan
Infection Length:
291,219 bytes
Android Package File
The Trojan arrives as the following APK file:
Golden.eagle.apk


Permissions
When installing the Trojan, it will ask for one or more of the following permissions:
  • Access location information, such as GPS information
  • Change the phone state, such as powering it on and off
  • Check the phone's current state
  • Create new SMS messages
  • Initiate a phone call without using the Phone UI or requiring confirmation from the user
  • Modify global audio settings
  • Monitor incoming SMS messages, to record or perform processing on them
  • Open network connections
  • Read contact data
  • Read SMS messages on the device
  • Receive broadcast transmission that is sent after the system finishes booting
  • Send SMS messages


Installation
The Trojan may then create one of the following services:
  • com.golden.eagle.BufferServices
  • com.golden.eagle.ConfigService


Information Theft
The Trojan can record phone call information and store the recorded data to the following location:
/data/data/com.golden.eagle/callRecoder.amr

When the call ends, the recored data is sent to the remote attacker through email.


Remote Access
The Trojan monitors received SMS messages to determine if it is a remote command. The commands begin with the following characters:
..>

It then prevents these messages from being displayed in order to avoid the user's attention.

The Trojan then processes and executes the command.


Functionality
The Trojan executes automatically whenever the device starts.

It then sends an SMS to the attacker using the following phone number:
+8618801206738

The SMS contains the following text:
A host online, attention please!

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Yi Li
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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