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Android.Gonfu.B

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
March 8, 2012
Updated:
June 21, 2012 2:40:39 PM
Also Known As:
ANDROIDOS_BOTPANDA.A [Trend]
Type:
Trojan
Infection Length:
1,119,612 bytes
Systems Affected:
Android
Android package file
The Trojan may arrive as the following .apk file:
Package name: lockgallery_2.2.apk


Permissions
When the APK is being installed, it requests permissions:
  • Write to external storage devices.
  • Gather information about recently running tasks.
  • Open network connections.
  • Allow access to low-level system logs.
  • Make the phone vibrate.
  • Access information about networks.
  • Monitor, modify, or end outgoing calls.
  • Check the phone's current state.
  • Prevent processor from sleeping or screen from dimming.
  • End all background processes associated with the package.


Installation
The threat contains the following malicious class files inside classes.dex:
  • UpdateCheck.class
  • UpdateCheck$1.class

When the APK is executed, it registers UpdateCheck.class as a service, which loads the following native Android file used to carry out further actions:
libadv3.so

It then attempts to gain super user privileges. If it is unsuccessful, the Trojan will exit.

The Trojan also sets the following system property to 0, so that only one instance of the threat runs at a time:
r0.bot.run

The Trojan then drops the following file and then executes it:
/data/data/com.catsw.lockgallery/.e[RANDOM NUMBER]d

It then overwrites the following files with copies of itself:
  • /system/bin/rm
  • /system/bin/move
  • /system/bin/mount
  • /system/bin/ifconfig
  • /system/bin/chown
  • /system/bin/debuggerd
  • /system/bin/vold


The Trojan modifies the following file in order to launch itself at startup:
/system/bin/svc

It also modifies the following file with configuration information:
/system/build.prop

It then copies itself to the following file, which attempts to prevent the Trojan from being removed from the device:
/system/lib/libd1.so


Remote Access
The Trojan connects to the following command-and-control servers, where it can receive additional commands:
  • [http://]ad.pandanew.com:8511/sea[REMOVED]
  • [http://]ad.phonego8.com:8511/sea[REMOVED]
  • [http://]ad.my968.com:8511/sea[REMOVED]

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Yi Li
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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