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Android.Tigerbot

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
April 10, 2012
Updated:
April 26, 2012 1:52:52 AM
Type:
Trojan
Infection Length:
220,015 bytes
Systems Affected:
Android
Android package file
The Trojan may arrive as a package with the following name:

APK: com.google.android.lifestyle
Version: 1.4.1
Name: com.google.android.lifestyle.apk
Icon: The Trojan does not create an application icon. However, it may appear in Manage Applications as an application named System.




Permissions
When the Trojan is being installed, it requests permissions to perform the following actions:
  • Check the phone's current state.
  • Change the phone state, such as powering it on and off.
  • Initiate a phone call without using the Phone UI or requiring confirmation from the user.
  • Monitor, modify, or end outgoing calls.
  • Use the device's mic to record audio.
  • Access the camera
  • Modify global audio settings.
  • Read user's contacts data.
  • Create new contact data.
  • Start once the device has finished booting.
  • Send, monitor, read, and create new SMS messages.
  • Open network connections.
  • Access location information, such as Cell-ID or WiFi.
  • Access location information, such as GPS information.
  • Allows an application to update device statistics.
  • Prevent processor from sleeping or screen from dimming.
  • Allow access to low-level power management.
  • Read or write to the system settings.
  • Allows applications to disable the keyguard.
  • Write to external storage devices.
  • Allow access to low-level system logs.
  • End background processes.
  • Access information about networks.
  • Allows applications to write the APN settings.
  • Connect to paired Bluetooth devices.


Remote access
The Trojan then opens a back door on the compromised device and listens for specially crafted SMS messages, allowing an attacker to perform the following actions:
  • Change network settings
  • Stop and start processes and services
  • Send the contact list to a remote location
  • Reboot the compromised device
  • Record incoming and outgoing call numbers
  • Deactivate software
  • Take screenshots

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Asuka Yamamoto
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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