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  2. Security Response/
  3. Trojan.Ransomcrypt.D


Risk Level 1: Very Low

July 10, 2013
August 20, 2013 4:00:04 PM
Also Known As:
Troj/Ransom-AAR [Sophos], Troj/Ransom-AAT [Sophos], Troj/Agent-ADFR [Sophos], Troj/Ransom-AAY [Sophos], Troj/Mdrop-FHS [Sophos]
Systems Affected:
Windows 2000, Windows 7, Windows NT, Windows Vista, Windows XP
When the Trojan is executed, it copies itself to the following locations:
  • %ProgramFiles%\Adobe\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe
  • %Temp%\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\Identities\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe

Next, it creates the following files:
  • %ProgramFiles%\Dirty\DirtyDecrypt.exe
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Dirty\DirtyDecrypt.exe
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Dirty\alertwall.jpg
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Crypto\RSA\[SID]\76c6693205311293dabe1dd1d619ff3d_7d2d450e-594b-4214-a88e-adb179f21516
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Crypto\RSA\[SID]\92bd0cb3bb654c3ca25f64427cd8bdff_7d2d450e-594b-4214-a88e-adb179f21516
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Crypto\RSA\[SID]\c454754cf8997ff64bf863f7a733297e_7d2d450e-594b-4214-a88e-adb179f21516
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Crypto\RSA\[SID]\f841fc663738bb69a5edcfa7a046c624_7d2d450e-594b-4214-a88e-adb179f21516
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\Dirty\DirtyDecrypt.exe

The Trojan creates the following folders:
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS]
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS]

The Trojan then creates the following file so that it runs every time Windows starts:
%UserProfile%\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe

It then creates the following registry entries so that it runs every time Windows starts:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"DirtyDecrypt" = "\"\\?\%UserProfile%\Application Data\Dirty\DirtyDecrypt.exe\" \hide"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[RANDOM CHARACTERS]" = "%UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\Identities\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe"

Next, it creates the following registry entries in order to lower security settings:
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center\"UacDisableNotify" = "1"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\system\"EnableLUA" = "0"

It then creates the following registry entries:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\{GUID}\"PeriodDisabed" = "1"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\{GUID}\"PeriodDisabed" = "1"

The Trojan also modifies the following registry entry so that it runs every time Windows starts:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\"Userinit" = "%System%\userinit.exe,,%ProgramFiles%\Adobe\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe"

The Trojan modifies the following registry entries in order to lower security settings:
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center\"AntiVirusOverride" = "1"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center\"FirewallOverride" = "1"

Next, the Trojan modifies the following registry entries:
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SAM\SAM\Domains\Builtin\Aliases\00000220\"C" = "[BINARY DATA]"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SAM\SAM\Domains\Builtin\Aliases\Members\[SID]\000003ED\"(Default)" = "?\00?"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\wscsvc\"Start" = "4"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\wuauserv\"Start" = "4"

The Trojan may lock the computer and display an image with the title "DIRTY ALERT."

The Trojan will ask for a payment to be made in order to unlock the compromised computer using one of the following payment methods:
  • Ukash
  • PaySafeCard
  • MoneyPak

The Trojan may also encrypt files with the following extensions on the compromised computer:
  • 7z
  • avi
  • doc
  • docm
  • docx
  • jpeg
  • jpg
  • mpeg
  • mpg
  • pdf
  • png
  • rar
  • rtf
  • wmv
  • xls
  • xlsm
  • xlsx
  • zip

In order to hide the infection, the Trojan may end the following processes used to trace system behavior:
  • taskmgr
  • tcpview
  • filemon
  • procexp
  • procmon
  • regmon
  • wireshark
  • LordPE
  • regedit

The Trojan may then connect to any of the following domains:
  • ajfdmjbywzibf.com
  • avcctrnrxx.com
  • bfgtwvhgsibiufmcerl.com
  • cpejcogzznpudbsmaxxm.com
  • dxkirxfzwhnnah.com
  • eiiveuuptweirgz.com
  • fidkjesxq.com
  • fryqhsblmvzsal.com
  • fzzxkhmkfunhotpjmdoy.com
  • hqihrutpabwndvldae.com
  • izaubgigwfl.com
  • kcubcfuhwwn.com
  • kuyfpapjundhcit.com
  • kvmihtamuopvagdlrwzg.com
  • kwsrmhroj.com
  • linbzxpkmdtngnbdg.com
  • ltcfpuctidqqqxxzpikz.com
  • lxpcmncky.com
  • mzwfwjayhom.com
  • ntrshvquunyzxevkucs.com
  • nuepdkau.com
  • nxcyhbauwgvdryyz.com
  • ohrpszrfydauhfuzyzbk.com
  • oismeark.com
  • okenhqzgxngnkbwouvfm.com
  • owsxylebhmuzver.com
  • pdstriker.com
  • pjgnhujlmwtgf.com
  • pnqclaedmavju.com
  • pvqwziehrqscosb.com
  • qwtzjokvjfvecysgypbd.com
  • qxcrbliabignczlmuc.com
  • rjpkxiywinyhjoqltq.com
  • rtlwqvhwuisfnery.com
  • sjytqrjofqmcom
  • tmgskmvaxftffa.com
  • towhyechciopdte.com
  • vgcdinjoj.com
  • viweabkkfe.com
  • vjuxtixi.com
  • vyeaukkyszhdeug.com
  • worazowxtkdznvvz.com
  • wowsfhnnvlwhlotryvh.com
  • wxluitpliymeoirc.com
  • xtvklujmo.com
  • xzfqmrfmyuaxs.com
  • yievjaklo.com
  • zbzxolintzi.com
  • zkkfpkbbfnmihohix.com
  • zvwbjvhfrkqciz.com


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Nino Gutierrez & Roberto Sponchioni
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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