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Trojan.Tapaoux.B

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
September 3, 2013
Updated:
September 3, 2013 6:53:40 PM
Type:
Trojan
Infection Length:
Varies
Systems Affected:
Windows 2000, Windows 7, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows XP
When the Trojan is executed, it may create the following files:
  • [TEMPLATES]\data
  • [TEMPLATES]\RcDll.dll
  • [TEMPLATES]\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe
  • %System%\d[RANDOM CHARACTERS].dll
  • %AppData%\Microsoft\Protect\SystemKey\d[RANDOM CHARACTERS].dll
  • %System%\b[RANDOM CHARACTERS].bin
  • %AppData%\Microsoft\Protect\SystemKey\b[RANDOM CHARACTERS].bin
  • %System%\ffffz[MM][DD][hh][mm][ss][0-3 LETTERS OR DIGITS].tmp

Note: [MM][DD] [hh][mm][ss] is the time of the compromised computer and [0-3 LETTERS OR DIGITS] is one of the following strings:
  • NULL
  • R10
  • R20
  • R1F
  • R2F
  • E
  • ES
  • ED
  • EB

The Trojan may delete the sysconfig.ini file if it exists in the following locations:
  • %System%\
  • %AppData%\Microsoft\Protect

The Trojan may create the following registry entries so that it runs every time Windows starts:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders\"Startup" = "%UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows\Explorer"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe" = "%SYSTEM%\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe" = "%AppData%\Microsoft\Protect\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe"

The Trojan creates the following mutex so that only one instance of the threat executes on the computer:
Windows_Protect_3

The Trojan injects itself into the following processes:
  • ctfmon.exe
  • wscntfy.exe
  • wuauclt.exe
  • dwm.exe
  • svchost.exe

The Trojan then opens a back door on the compromised computer, creates a log file, and connects to one of the following domains:
  • www.sqlengine.net
  • www.news-updates.org
  • adobe-updates.com
  • online.usean.biz

The Trojan may perform the following actions:
  • Collect system information and encrypt for storage (computer name, adapter information, OS, etc.)
  • Execute file operations (run, search, delete, copy, move, upload, etc.)
  • Modify the system registry
  • Access, create, and terminate any running process
  • Retrieve network connection state
  • Load malicious DLLs and call export function named "RunThisCode"
  • Decrypt data stored in .bin file
  • Further configure or update the malware

The Trojan may delete itself.

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: liang_yuan
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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