- September 12, 2013
- September 26, 2013 7:41:13 PM
- Trojan, Worm
- 15,795 bytes
- Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP
The worm spreads by copying itself to removable drives.
When the worm is executed, it copies itself to the following locations:
- %UserProfile%\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs
- %UserProfile% \Start Menu\Programs\Startup\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs
- %Temp%\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs
- [START UP]\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs
- [REMOVABLE DRIVE]\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs
- [REMOVABLE DRIVE]\[FOLDER NAME].lnk
- [REMOVABLE DRIVE]\[FILE NAME].lnk
The worm creates .lnk files to replace every folder and file in removable media. The attributes of the original folders and files are set to "System" and "Hidden" to hide them from the user.
The worm may drop the following files to the same folder the worm executable is located in:
The worm may create the following registry entries so that it runs every time Windows starts:
- HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[RANDOM CHARACTERS]" = "wscript.exe //B "%Temp%\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs""
- HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[RANDOM CHARACTERS]" = "wscript.exe //B "%UserProfile%\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs""
- HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[RANDOM CHARACTERS]" = "wscript.exe //B "%Temp%\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs""
- HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[RANDOM CHARACTERS]" = "wscript.exe //B "%UserProfile%\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS].vbs""
The worm opens a back door and connects to the following domains:
The worm may perform the following actions:
- Accept and execute commands
- Spread to USB or removable drives
- Download and execute files
- Update or uninstall itself
- Log key strokes
- Take screenshots
- Terminate processes
- Take screenshots
- Upload a local file back to the attacker
- Delete a local file
The worm may also steal the following information from the compromised computer:
- Drive list
- File list
- Folder list
- Process list
- Computer name
- User name
- Operating system version
- Disk serial number
- Installed antivirus products
Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":
- Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
- Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
- Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
- Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
- Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
- Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
- If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
- Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
- Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
- Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
- Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
- If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
- For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Note: On May 14, 2015, modifications will be made to the threat write-ups to streamline the content. The Threat Assessment section will no longer be published as this section is no longer relevant to today's threat landscape. The Risk Level will continue to be the main threat risk assessment indicator.
Writeup By: Nino Fred P Gutierrez & Masaki Suenaga