Governments around the world are gearing up to deliver the next generation of services to their citizens. To provide such services, governments need robust and scalable technologies and policies to execute trusted transactions and establish trusted identities. Strong credentials based on public key infrastructure (PKI) are the answer. By employing the right mix of authentication, encryption, and digital signatures, governments can significantly reduce the risk of forgery, theft, or abuse of identification credentials. This in turn allows them to secure their borders, protect and allocate public assets and resources, meet their fiduciary responsibilities, and boost overall citizen satisfaction.