PHP.NewWorld

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Discovered: January 05, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:34:53 AM
Also Known As: PHP.Neworld
Type: Virus


PHP.NewWorld is the second PHP virus that has been discovered. PHP is a server-side scripting language that is used for dynamic Web page generation. The virus searches for .php, .htm, .html, and .htt files in the C:\Windows folder, and if found, inserts code in these files to call itself. The virus executes only on servers with PHP interpreters.

This virus cannot be contracted by simply visiting an infected Web page.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version January 11, 2001
  • Latest Rapid Release version September 28, 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version January 11, 2001
  • Latest Daily Certified version September 28, 2010 revision 036

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Eric Chien

Discovered: January 05, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:34:53 AM
Also Known As: PHP.Neworld
Type: Virus


This virus is written in PHP and is contained in a 1142-byte file.

When executed, the virus searches the C:\Windows folder for files with php, htm, html, and .htt extensions. If one of these files is writable, the virus opens the file to determine if the file is already infected. If the file is not infected,the virus inserts a line that will execute the original viral file, rather than appending itself to the infected file.

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Eric Chien

Discovered: January 05, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:34:53 AM
Also Known As: PHP.Neworld
Type: Virus


The name of the viral file may vary, therefore to properly remove this threat, you need to:

  1. Delete the original viral file.
  2. Remove from the infected files the PHP code that loads the viral file.


Writeup By: Eric Chien