JS.StartPage

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Discovered: April 06, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:58:13 AM
Type: Trojan Horse


JS.StartPage is a Trojan horse program, which alters the default home page of Microsoft Internet Exporer. It sometimes arrives as a file with the .hta extension. This file is an HTML application, and it runs only if the Windows Scripting Host is installed.


There are other things that you can do to protect your system from this type of Trojan horse:

Script Blocking

  • If you are using Norton AntiVirus 2001, a free program update that includes Script Blocking is available. Please run LiveUpdate to obtain this.
  • For other versions of Norton AntiVirus, SARC offers a tool to disable the Windows Scripting Host.

Install the Microsoft patch
This worm takes advantage of a known Microsoft Outlook/Outlook Express security hole. Microsoft has provided a patch for this security hole at http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS99-032.asp

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version April 06, 2001
  • Latest Rapid Release version August 08, 2016 revision 023
  • Initial Daily Certified version April 06, 2001
  • Latest Daily Certified version August 09, 2016 revision 001

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco

Discovered: April 06, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:58:13 AM
Type: Trojan Horse


When JS.StartPage is executed, it makes changes to the following registry key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Explorer\Main\Start Page

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco

Discovered: April 06, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:58:13 AM
Type: Trojan Horse


To remove this Trojan:

  1. Run LiveUpdate to make sure that you have the most recent virus definitions.
  2. Start Norton AntiVirus (NAV), and run a full system scan, making sure that NAV is set to scan all files.
  3. Delete any files detected as JS.StartPage.
  4. Start Internet Explorer, and reset the home page to one of your preference.


Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco