Perl.WSFTPexp

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Discovered: May 31, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:58:12 AM
Also Known As: WSFT-Exploit, Extended Unicode Directory T
Type: Trojan Horse


Perl.WSFTPexp is a Perl script that is designed to test the vulnerability of a Web server. It uses FTP to gain root access or run arbitrary code.



Reference Microsoft Security Advisory MS00-078 for a patch:
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms00-078.asp


Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version July 17, 2001
  • Latest Rapid Release version September 28, 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version July 17, 2001
  • Latest Daily Certified version September 28, 2010 revision 036

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Patrick Nolan

Discovered: May 31, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:58:12 AM
Also Known As: WSFT-Exploit, Extended Unicode Directory T
Type: Trojan Horse


This script gains access to a Web server by using specifically crafted code which accesses files that are already located on the Web server. The instruction itself is processed under the security context of the account "IUSR_machinename" (anonymous user account for IIS Web servers). This account belongs to a group which has execute permissions to operate system-level commands. When the script runs such a command, it could gain access to the server or run applications at the system level.

The following information is quoted from Microsoft:

    "This would give the ability to install and run code, add, change or delete files or web pages, or take other actions. This is a serious vulnerability, and Microsoft recommends that all customers using IIS 4.0 or 5.0 take action immediately to protect their systems."

A patch is available from Microsoft to address this vulnerability:

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms00-078.asp

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Patrick Nolan

Discovered: May 31, 2001
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:58:12 AM
Also Known As: WSFT-Exploit, Extended Unicode Directory T
Type: Trojan Horse


Run LiveUpdate to make sure that you have the most recent virus definitions.

  1. Start Norton AntiVirus (NAV), and run a full system scan. Be sure that NAV is configured to scan all files.
  2. Delete all files that are detected as Perl.WSFTPexp.


Writeup By: Patrick Nolan