Backdoor.Anakha

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Discovered: June 26, 2002
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:00:06 PM
Also Known As: Backdoor.Trojan, Trojan.Win32.Anakha.b, BackDoor-UY, Troj/Anaka-B
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows



Backdoor.Anakha is a backdoor Trojan horse that allows a hacker to use Internet Relay Chat (IRC) to gain control of a computer. It also opens TCP/UDP ports to allow a hacker to take control of the system. Backdoor.Anakha is written in the Microsoft Visual Basic programming language and is compressed with ASPack.

NOTE : Virus definitions dated prior to June 27, 2002, may detect this threat as Backdoor.Trojan.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version June 28, 2002
  • Latest Rapid Release version August 08, 2016 revision 023
  • Initial Daily Certified version June 28, 2002
  • Latest Daily Certified version August 09, 2016 revision 001
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date July 03, 2002

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Yana Liu

Discovered: June 26, 2002
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:00:06 PM
Also Known As: Backdoor.Trojan, Trojan.Win32.Anakha.b, BackDoor-UY, Troj/Anaka-B
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When Backdoor.Anakha runs, it does the following,

It copies itself as C:\%System%\ShellEx.exe.

NOTE: %System% is a variable. The Trojan locates the \Windows\System folder (by default this is C:\Windows\System or C:\Winnt\System32) and then copies itself to that location.

To allow itself to run when Windows starts, the Trojan adds the value

ShellEx  C:\%System%\ShellEx.exe

to the registry key

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

It also creates a text file named C:\%System%\Rundll32.pin.

NOTE : C:\%System%\Rundll32.pin itself is not viral, and therefore Norton AntiVirus does not detect it. We recommend that you delete this file manually if your computer was infected with this Trojan.

Backdoor.Anakha then opens some randomly changed TCP/UDP ports to allow a hacker to connect to the computer. It allows a hacker to perform a wide variety of actions on the compromised computer. The action can be any of (but not limited to) the following:

  • Manage the installation of the backdoor
  • Perform DoS attacks against a target that is defined by the hacker
  • Send information about the compromised computer to the hacker
  • Listen for IRC commands from the hacker
  • Control the IRC client on the compromised computer
  • Download and upload files to or from the compromised computer


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Yana Liu

Discovered: June 26, 2002
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:00:06 PM
Also Known As: Backdoor.Trojan, Trojan.Win32.Anakha.b, BackDoor-UY, Troj/Anaka-B
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


Update the virus definitions, run a full system scan, and delete all files that Norton AntiVirus (NAV) detects as Backdoor.Anakha.

  1. Delete C:\%System%\Rundll32.pin.
  2. Delete the value

    ShellEx  C:\%System%\ShellEx.exe

    from the registry key

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

For details on how to do this, read the following instructions.

To scan with Norton AntiVirus and delete the infected files:
  1. Obtain the most recent virus definitions. There are two ways to do this:
    • Run LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions. These virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response and are posted to the LiveUpdate servers one time each week (usually Wednesdays) unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, look at the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate) line at the top of this write-up.
    • Download the definitions using the Intelligent Updater. Intelligent Updater virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response. They are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). They must be downloaded from the Symantec Security Response Web site and installed manually. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, look at the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater) line at the top of this write-up.

      Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available here. For detailed instructions on how to download and install the Intelligent Updater virus definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site, click here.
  2. Start Norton AntiVirus (NAV), and make sure that it is configured to scan all files.
  3. Run a full system scan.
  4. Delete all files that NAV detects as Backdoor.Anakha.
  5. (Optional) Using Windows Explorer, delete C:\%System%\Rundll32.pin.

To remove the value from the registry:

CAUTION : Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before you make any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify only the keys that are specified. Read the document How to make a backup of the Windows registry for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and click Run. The Run dialog box appears.
  2. Type regedit and then click OK. The Registry Editor opens.
  3. Navigate to the key

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  4. In the right pane, delete the value

    ShellEx  C:\%System%\ShellEx.exe
  5. Click Registry, and click Exit.


Writeup By: Yana Liu