W32.MagicCall

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Discovered: September 03, 2002
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:40:14 AM
Also Known As: Trojan.MagicCall, Backdoor.MagicCall
Type: Virus
Systems Affected: Windows


W32.MagicCall is a virus that periodically (about every three minutes) attempts to connect these URLs:
http:/ /www.zymf.com/
http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398

At the same time it tries to copy itself as A:\MagicCall.exe.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version September 03, 2002
  • Latest Rapid Release version September 28, 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version September 03, 2002
  • Latest Daily Certified version September 28, 2010 revision 036
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date September 04, 2002

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Jari Kytojoki

Discovered: September 03, 2002
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:40:14 AM
Also Known As: Trojan.MagicCall, Backdoor.MagicCall
Type: Virus
Systems Affected: Windows


When W32.MagicCall runs, it remains in memory and copies itself as C:\Windows\System\Internet.exe.

It waits one minute, and then creates the value

Internet.exe   C:\windows\system\Internet.exe

in the registry key

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices

so that the virus runs each time that you start Windows.

NOTE: If the virus program is active in memory and you delete the registry value, the virus will add the value again.

Three minutes after the virus begins to run it tries to copy itself as A:\MagicCall.exe. This will succeed if there is a writeable floppy disk in drive A.

Example execution of the virus program during the first 60 minutes

Elapsed time in minutes
from start
Function that it attempts to perform
5Contact URL: http:/ /www.zymf.com/
8Save again as A:\MagicCall.exe
11Save again as A:\MagicCall.exe
14Save again as A:\MagicCall.exe
17Save again as A:\MagicCall.exe
17Contact URL: http:/ /www.zymf.com/
18Rewrites itself C:\windows\system\Internet.exe
21Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
24Contact URL: http:/ /www.zymf.com/
27Contact URL: http:/ /www.zymf.com/
29Save again as A:\MagicCall.exe
33Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
36Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
39Contact URL: http:/ /www.zymf.com/
41Save again as A:\MagicCall.exe
44Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
47Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
50Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
53Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
57Contact URL: http:/ /www.csdn.net/soft/openfile.asp?kind=1&id=6398
60Contact URL: http:/ /www.zymf.com/

Whenever the virus is able to write itself to the floppy disk, it will also modify several bytes of the boot sector at offsets from 3 to 10 (OEM ID String 8 bytes). The data is overwritten with these hexadecimal values:

2A 62 2C 54 75 49 48 43 i.e. "b,TuIHC"

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Jari Kytojoki

Discovered: September 03, 2002
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:40:14 AM
Also Known As: Trojan.MagicCall, Backdoor.MagicCall
Type: Virus
Systems Affected: Windows


NOTE: These instructions are for all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Update the virus definitions.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • Windows 95/98/Me: Restart the computer in Safe mode.
    • Windows NT/2000/XP: Stop the Internet.exe process that is running.
  3. Run a full system scan, and delete all files that are detected as W32.MagicCall.
  4. Remove the value

    Internet.exe   C:\windows\system\Internet.exe

    from the registry key

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices
For details on how to do this, read the following instructions.

To update the virus definitions:
There are two ways to do this:
  • Run LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions. These virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response and are posted to the LiveUpdate servers one time each week (usually Wednesdays) unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, look at the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate) line at the top of this write-up.
  • Download the definitions using the Intelligent Updater. Intelligent Updater virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response. They are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). They must be downloaded from the Symantec Security Response Web site and installed manually. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, look at the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater) line at the top of this write-up.

    Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available here. For detailed instructions on how to download and install the Intelligent Updater virus definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site, click here.

To restart in Safe mode or stop the process:
Windows 95/98/Me
Restart the computer in Safe mode. All Windows 32-bit operating systems, except for Windows NT, can be restarted in Safe mode. For instructions on how to do this, read the document How to start the computer in Safe Mode .

Windows NT/2000/XP
To stop the virus process:
  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete one time.
  2. Click Task Manager.
  3. Click the Processes tab.
  4. Double-click the Image Name column header to sort the processes alphabetically.
  5. Scroll through the list, and look for Internet.exe.
  6. If you find the file, click it, and then click End Process.
  7. Close the Task Manager.
To scan for and delete the infected files:
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program, and make sure that it is configured to scan all files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with W32.MagicCall, click Delete.

To remove the value that the virus added to the registry:

CAUTION
: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before you make any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify only the keys that are specified. Read the document How to make a backup of the Windows registry for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and click Run. The Run dialog box appears.
  2. Type regedit and then click OK. The Registry Editor opens.
  3. Navigate to the key

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices
  4. In the right pane, delete the value

    Internet.exe   C:\windows\system\Internet.exe
  5. Exit the Registry Editor.


Writeup By: Jari Kytojoki