Backdoor.Colfusion

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Discovered: January 08, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:42:10 AM
Also Known As: Backdoor.Colfuser, Backdoor.Coldfuson.10 [KAV], Backdoor.Coldfusion.11 [KAV], BackDoor-AOP.cli [McAfee], BackDoor-AOP.svr [McAfee], Win32.ColdFusion.10 [CA], Win32.ColdFusion.10.plugin [CA, BKDR_COLFUSER.A [Trend], Troj/Bdoor-AOP [Sophos]
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The Backdoor.Colfusion Backdoor Trojan gives an attacker unauthorized access to a compromised computer. The detection is used for a family of Trojans produced by the Backdoor.Colfusion Trojan generator.

Backdoor.Colfusion is a Delphi application and is packed using UPX v1.22.

NOTE: Virus definitions dated prior to March 20, 2003 may detect this threat as Backdoor.Colfuser.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version January 08, 2003
  • Latest Rapid Release version November 12, 2017 revision 052
  • Initial Daily Certified version January 08, 2003
  • Latest Daily Certified version November 28, 2017 revision 022
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date January 08, 2003

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco

Discovered: January 08, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:42:10 AM
Also Known As: Backdoor.Colfuser, Backdoor.Coldfuson.10 [KAV], Backdoor.Coldfusion.11 [KAV], BackDoor-AOP.cli [McAfee], BackDoor-AOP.svr [McAfee], Win32.ColdFusion.10 [CA], Win32.ColdFusion.10.plugin [CA, BKDR_COLFUSER.A [Trend], Troj/Bdoor-AOP [Sophos]
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


Many of the characteristics of Backdoor.Colfusion are defined when it is produced by a hacker who uses the Trojan generator.

When Backdoor.Colfusion runs, it performs the following actions:

  1. Copies itself as a predefined name (by the hacker) into the %Windir% or the %System% folder.

    NOTES:
    • %Windir% is a variable. The Trojan locates the Windows installation folder (by default, this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt) and copies the file to that location.
    • %System% is a variable. The Trojan locates the System folder and copies the file to that location. By default, this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).
  2. Creates the value:

    <predefined value name>    <path and file name>

    in the registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    so that the Trojan starts when you start or restart Windows.
  3. Notifies the client side using a ICQ pager or a CGI request.
  4. Attempts to terminate multiple antivirus and firewall processes.
  5. Once Backdoor.Colfusion is installed, it waits for commands from the remote client. The commands allow the hacker to perform any of the following actions:
    • Deliver system information to the hacker.
    • Intercept information currently displayed on the screen and deliver it to the hacker.
    • Manage the installation of the backdoor Trojan.
    • Terminate active processes.
    • Manage the file system on the compromised computer.
    • Reboot the remote computer.
    • Connect to the installed capture drivers, make a single-frame data capture, and deliver the captured data to the hacker.


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco

Discovered: January 08, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:42:10 AM
Also Known As: Backdoor.Colfuser, Backdoor.Coldfuson.10 [KAV], Backdoor.Coldfusion.11 [KAV], BackDoor-AOP.cli [McAfee], BackDoor-AOP.svr [McAfee], Win32.ColdFusion.10 [CA], Win32.ColdFusion.10.plugin [CA, BKDR_COLFUSER.A [Trend], Troj/Bdoor-AOP [Sophos]
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


NOTE: These instructions are for all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Update the virus definitions.
  2. Restart the computer in Safe mode.
  3. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as Backdoor.Colfusion.
  4. Reverse the changes the Trojan made to the registry.
For specific details on each of these procedures, read the following instructions.

1. Updating the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain the virus definitions. These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate), in the "Protection" section, at the top of this writeup.
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater. The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater), in the "Protection" section, at the top of this writeup.

    The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available here. For detailed instructions on how to download and install the Intelligent Updater virus definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site, click here.

2. Restarting the computer in Safe mode or ending the Trojan process
All the Windows 32-bit operating systems, except for Windows NT, can be restarted in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, "How to start the computer in Safe Mode ."

3. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with Backdoor.Colfusion, write down the file names, and then click Delete.

4. Reversing the changes made to the registry

CAUTION
: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before you make any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
  2. Type regedit, and then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)
  3. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  4. In the right pane, delete the value that refers to the file name as detected when you ran the scan.
  5. Exit the Registry Editor.


Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco