Backdoor.Kol

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Discovered: March 14, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:44:24 AM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


Backdoor.Kol is a Backdoor Trojan that gives an attacker unauthorized access to a compromised computer. The Backdoor is controlled via commands issued by the hacker through several IRC channels. Backdoor.Kol is a Delphi application, packed with ASPack v2.11.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version March 14, 2003
  • Latest Rapid Release version August 08, 2016 revision 023
  • Initial Daily Certified version March 14, 2003
  • Latest Daily Certified version August 09, 2016 revision 001
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date March 19, 2003

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco

Discovered: March 14, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:44:24 AM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When Backdoor.Kol runs, it performs the following actions:

  1. Copies itself as one of the following randomly chosen file names:
    • %Windir%\Loader32.exe
    • %Windir%\Mstask32.exe
    • %Windir%\WinIPM.exe

      NOTE: %Windir% is a variable. The Trojan locates the primary Windows installation folder (by default this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt) and uses it as a destination folder.
  2. Creates one of the following randomly chosen registry values so that the Trojan runs when you restart Windows:
    • Dynamic Link Library loader    %windows%\Loader32.exe

      in the registry key

      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Microsoft Task Manager     %windows%\mstask32.exe

      in the registry key

      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Windows IP Monitor     WinIPM.exe

      in the registry key

      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  3. Connects to an IRC server, joins several specific channels, and waits for commands that the hacker transmits through IRC. The commands allow the hacker to perform any of the following actions:
    • Deliver system information to the hacker
    • Download and execute files


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco

Discovered: March 14, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:44:24 AM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Update the virus definitions.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • Windows 95/98/Me: Restart the computer in Safe mode.
    • Windows NT/2000/XP: End the Trojan process.
  3. Run a full system scan, and delete all files that are detected as Backdoor.Kol.
  4. Reverse the changes that the Trojan made to the registry.
For details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. Updating the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available here. For detailed instructions on how to download and install the Intelligent Updater virus definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site, click here.

2. Restarting the computer in Safe mode or ending the Trojan process
    Windows 95/98/Me
    Restart the computer in Safe mode. All Windows 32-bit operating systems, except for Windows NT, can be restarted in Safe mode. For instructions on how to do this, read the document "How to start the computer in Safe Mode."

    Windows NT/2000/XP
    To end the Trojan process:
    1. Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete once.
    2. Click Task Manager.
    3. Click the Processes tab.
    4. Double-click the Image Name column header to alphabetically sort the processes.
    5. Scroll through the list, and look for the following names:
      • Loader32.exe
      • Mstask32.exe
      • WinIPM.exe
    6. For each process that you find, click the name, and then click End Process.
    7. Exit the Task Manager.
3. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program, and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with Backdoor.Kol, click Delete.

4. Reversing the changes made to the registry

CAUTION
: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before you make any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
  2. Type regedit and then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)
  3. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  4. In the right pane, delete the following value(s) if they exist:

    Dynamic Link Library loader   %windows%\Loader32.exe
    Microsoft Task Manager     %windows%\mstask32.exe
    Windows IP Monitor     WinIPM.exe
  5. Exit the Registry Editor.


Writeup By: Serghei Sevcenco