Discovered: March 24, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 11:44:50 AM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows
Backdoor.Rsbot is a back door Trojan horse that gives a hacker unauthorized access to your computer.
Several variants have been found. All the variants are written in the Microsoft Visual Basic programming language.
Note : Definitions dated prior to March 25, 2003 detect some of the variants as W32.IRCBot.
Antivirus Protection Dates
- Initial Rapid Release version March 25, 2003
- Latest Rapid Release version November 04, 2019 revision 019
- Initial Daily Certified version March 25, 2003
- Latest Daily Certified version November 04, 2019 revision 065
- Initial Weekly Certified release date March 25, 2003
Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.
When Backdoor.Rsbot runs, it does the following:
- Copies itself as %System%\Msapp.exe.
Note: %System% is a variable. The Trojan locates the System folder and copies itself to that location. By default, this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).
- Adds the value:
"WinApp32" = "%System%\msapp.exe"
to the registry key:
so that the Trojan runs when you start Windows.
- Modifies the System.ini file to:
so that the Trojan runs when you start Windows 95/98/Me.
- Opens a back door on random TCP and UDP ports, which allows a hacker to remotely manipulate the compromised computer and perform actions, such as:
- Stealing system information.
- Performing Denial of Service attacks.
- Uploading and running files.
- Scanning other computer's IP ports, IPC shares.
- Stopping programs from running at startup.
Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":
- Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
- Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
- Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
- Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
- Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
- Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
- If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
- Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
- Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
- Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
- Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
- If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
- For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.
- Update the virus definitions.
- Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as Backdoor.Rsbot.
- Delete the value that was added to the registry.
- For Windows 95/98/Me, reverse the changes made to the System.ini file.
1. Updating the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
- Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
- Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).
The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available here. For detailed instructions on how to download and install the Intelligent Updater virus definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site, click here.
2. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
- Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
- For Norton AntiVirus consumer products: Read the document, "How to configure Norton AntiVirus to scan all files."
- For Symantec AntiVirus Enterprise products: Read the document, "How to verify that a Symantec Corporate antivirus product is set to scan All Files."
- Run a full system scan.
- If any files are detected as infected with Backdoor.Rsbot, click Delete.
3. Deleting the value from the registry
CAUTION : Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before you make any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
- Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
- Type regedit
Then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)
- Navigate to the key:
- In the right pane, delete the value:
"WinApp32" = "msapp.exe"
- Exit the Registry Editor.
4. Reversing the changes made to the System.ini file
If you are running Windows 95/98/Me, follow these steps:
- The function you perform depends on your operating system:
- Windows 95/98: Go to step b.
- Windows Me: If you are running Windows Me, the Windows Me file-protection process may have made a backup copy of the System.ini file that you need to edit. If this backup copy exists, it will be in the C:\Windows\Recent folder. Symantec recommends that you delete this file before continuing with the steps in this section. To do this:
- Start Windows Explorer.
- Browse to and select the C:\Windows\Recent folder.
- In the right pane, select the System.ini file and delete it. The System.ini file will be regenerated when you save your changes to it in step f.
- Click Start, and then click Run.
- Type the following:
and then click OK. (The MS-DOS Editor opens.)
NOTE: If Windows is installed in a different location, make the appropriate path substitution.
- In the [boot] section of the file, look for a line similar to:
- If this line exists, delete everything to the right of Explorer.exe.
When you are done, it should look like:
- Click File, and then click Save.
- Click File, and then click Exit.
Writeup By: Yana Liu