Infostealer.Salira

Printer Friendly Page

Discovered: October 13, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:54:06 PM
Also Known As: PWSteal.Salira
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


Infostealer.Salira is a Trojan Horse that attempts to steal user names and passwords, and masquerades as an rar archive, when it is in fact a normal Win32 PE executable. The file may be hidden inside a compressed zip file in which the file header information is forged to disguise the Trojan.

Usually, the Trojan has a .rar extension and an rar self-extracting file icon. This Trojan is written in Visual C++.


NOTE : Definitions prior to May 10, 2006 may detect this threat as PWSteal.Salira

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version October 14, 2003
  • Latest Rapid Release version October 22, 2017 revision 019
  • Initial Daily Certified version October 14, 2003 revision 036
  • Latest Daily Certified version October 23, 2017 revision 003
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date October 15, 2003

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Jari Kytojoki

Discovered: October 13, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:54:06 PM
Also Known As: PWSteal.Salira
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When the Infostealer.Salira Trojan is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Copies itself as %System%\winrarshell32.exe.


    Note: %System% is a variable. The Trojan locates the System folder and copies itself to that location. By default, this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).


  2. Adds the value:

    "winrarshell" = "%System%\winrarshell32.exe"

    to the registry keys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    so that the Trojan runs when you start Windows.

  3. Adds the value:

    "Use AutoComplete" = "yes"

    to the registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\AutoComplete

  4. Adds the value:

    "FormSuggest Passwords" = "yes"

    to the registry key:

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main

  5. Modifies the value:

    "Use FormSuggest" = "yes"

    in the registry key:

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main

  6. Creates a new empty registry key:

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\BGM

  7. Browses through a user's computer for stored user names and passwords; for example, in the following locations:
    • c:\Documents and Settings\*
    • c:\Documents and Settings\%user%\cookies\*
    • c:\windows\cookies\*
    • HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Account

  8. In NT-based systems, the Trojan tries to find password hashes to be included in the collected information.

  9. Collects information about the current system, such as the OS version, user name, installed RAM, and other statistical information.

  10. Creates an email and includes an attachment to it about the collected information, and then sends that email to an address in the as.ro domain using smtp.as.ro as a server.

    The email header may look like the following:

    From: BUG_Mafia@as.ro
    To: mandaril@as.ro
    Subject:#2.02dev
    Date: October ...
    X-Mailer: bugmafia v2.02dev
    MIME-Version: 1.0
    Content-Type: multipart/mixed;


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Jari Kytojoki

Discovered: October 13, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:54:06 PM
Also Known As: PWSteal.Salira
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  2. Update the virus definitions.
  3. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as Infostealer.Salira.
  4. Delete the values that were added to the registry.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. Disabling System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note: When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, re-enable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.


For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article, "Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder ," Article ID: Q263455.

2. Updating the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available: Read "How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater" for detailed instructions.

3. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with Infostealer.Salira, click Delete.

4. Deleting the values from the registry


WARNING: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
  2. Type regedit

    Then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)

  3. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

  4. In the right pane, delete the value:

    winrarshell

  5. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

  6. In the right pane, delete the value:

    winrarshell

  7. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\AutoComplete

  8. In the right pane, delete the value:

    Use AutoComplete

  9. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main

  10. In the right pane, delete the values:

    FormSuggest Passwords
    Use FormSuggest

  11. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\

  12. In the right pane, delete the subkey:

    BGM

  13. Exit the Registry Editor.


Writeup By: Jari Kytojoki