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Discovered: December 20, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:15:25 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows

Backdoor.Trodal is a backdoor Trojan horse that gives a remote attacker complete control over a compromised system. Additionally, Backdoor.Trodal allows the attacker to reroute Web traffic through a compromised system.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version December 20, 2003
  • Latest Rapid Release version January 19, 2018 revision 003
  • Initial Daily Certified version December 20, 2003
  • Latest Daily Certified version January 19, 2018 revision 007
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date December 20, 2003

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Discovered: December 20, 2003
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:15:25 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows

Due to bugs in Backdoor.Trodal's code, it will not run under Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Me.

Backdoor.Trodal is being uploaded to unpatched Windows Servers, using various vulnerabilities.

Once Backdoor.Trodal is activated, it does the following:

  1. Creates the value:

     "[CompID]"="<string with nine random letters>"

    in the registry key:


  2. Copies itself to %Windir%\Winlogon.exe.

    Note: %Windir% is a variable. The Trojan locates the Windows installation folder (by default, this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt) and copies itself to that location.

  3. Creates the registry value


    under the registry keys:


    so that the Trojan runs when you start Windows.

  4. Sets the file timestamp of %Windir%\Winlogon.exe to the same values as the file, %Windir%\win.ini.

  5. Downloads and executes various executables from a specified Web site.

    Note: The executables that it downloads are freeware, password recovery utilities exploited to obtain information from your computer. They are saved as %Windir%\Dfp.exe and %Windir%\Pspv.exe. These programs are not malicious, and thus, Symantec antivirus programs do not detect them.

    These executables collect various user information and stores them in these files:


    The information that it collects include the following:
    • User dialup information (including passwords)
    • Various cached passwords stored on the system, including:
      • Saved Microsoft Outlook passwords
      • Saved MSN passwords
    • User account name
    • User name
    • All information stored in the registry key:


  6. Searches all the local hard drives and steals information from these files:
    • Fethard_keyfile
    • Userpref.ini
    • Ipass.ini
    • Wcx_ftp.ini
    • Edialer.ini
    • Ws_ftp.ini
    • Pal.ini
    • Pal95.ini
    • Any files with the extensions, .pwm, .kwm, or .uin

  7. Sends the stolen information to email addresses in Russia and Slovenia.

  8. Creates several threads that never exit:
    • Thread 1
      Contacts an irc server and joins an irc channel where it waits for the recognized commands:
        • !run (Executes a command on the system).
        • !rec (Reconnects the backdoor to irc).
        • !mai (Sends data collected in the files Windows.ini and Windows2.ini using email).
        • !inf (Iterates through the system, stealing various information).
        • !ext (Shuts down the computer).
        • !ver (Sends various version information about the system and the Trojan).

    • Thread 2
      Contacts a remote server and notifies that it exists on a compromised system, repeating this every 11 minutes.

    • Thread 3
      Creates a Web server on a random port, in the range 1000-15000, which allows a remote attacker to use a compromised system as a proxy for Web traffic.


    Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

    • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
    • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
    • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
    • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
    • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
    • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
    • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
    • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
    • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
    • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
    • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
    • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
    • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

    Discovered: December 20, 2003
    Updated: February 13, 2007 12:15:25 PM
    Type: Trojan Horse
    Systems Affected: Windows

    The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

    1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
    2. Update the virus definitions.
    3. Restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
    4. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as Backdoor.Trodal.
    5. Reverse the changes made to the registry.
    For details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

    1. Disabling System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
    If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

    Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

    Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

    For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
    Note: When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, re-enable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

    For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article, "Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder," Article ID: Q263455.

    2. Updating the virus definitions
    Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:

    • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
    • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

      The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available: Read "How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater" for detailed instructions.

    3. Restarting the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode

    Shut down the computer and turn off the power. Wait for at least 30 seconds, and then restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
    • For Windows 95, 98, Me, 2000, or XP users, restart the computer in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, "How to start the computer in Safe Mode."
    • For Windows NT 4 users, restart the computer in VGA mode.
    4. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
    1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
    2. Run a full system scan.
    3. If any files are detected as infected with Backdoor.Trodal, click Delete.

    5. Reversing the changes made to the registry

    WARNING: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
    1. Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
    2. Type regedit

      Then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)

    3. Navigate to the keys (each in turn):


      Note: The \RunServices key will not be found on all the systems.

    4. In the right pane, delete the value:


    5. Exit the Registry Editor.