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Discovered: January 08, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:16:30 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows

Trojan.Mitglieder opens a mail relay on your computer, allowing others to use it to send unsolicited commercial email to others. The Trojan also attempts to download and execute lnfostealer.Ldpinch .

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version January 08, 2004
  • Latest Rapid Release version November 04, 2019 revision 019
  • Initial Daily Certified version January 08, 2004 revision 003
  • Latest Daily Certified version November 04, 2019 revision 065
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date January 14, 2004

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Technical Description

When Trojan.Mitglieder is executed, it performs the following actions:

    1. Copies itself to %System%\ibot4.exe.

      Note: %System% is a variable. The Trojan locates the System folder and copies itself to that location. By default, this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).

    2. Adds the value:


      to the registry key:


      so that the Trojan runs when you start Windows.

    3. Adds the values:

      "pid"= <Process ID>
      "uid"= <Random value>
      "port"=<Listening Proxy Port>

      to one of the registry keys, which vaies with the operating system:

      Windows 95/98/Me:


      Windows NT/2000/XP:


    4. Attempts to end the following processes:
      • Atupdater.exe
      • Atupdater.exe
      • Aupdate.exe
      • Autodown.exe
      • Autotrace.exe
      • Autoupdate.exe
      • Avpupd.exe
      • Avwupd32.exe
      • Avxquar.exe
      • Cfiaudit.exe
      • Drwebupw.exe
      • Icssuppnt.exe
      • Icsupp95.exe
      • Luall.exe
      • Mcupdate.exe
      • Nupgrade.exe
      • Nupgrade.exe
      • Update.exe

    5. Attempts to contact the following Web sites and notify the attacker:

    6. Downloads and executes lnfostealer.Ldpinch from:

    7. Creates a listening proxy on a configurable high port that allows the ability to relay email. By default, the Trojan listens on port 39999. This functionality is usually used to send unsolicited commercial email.


    Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

    • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
    • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
    • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
    • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
    • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
    • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
    • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
    • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
    • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
    • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
    • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
    • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
    • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.


    The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

    1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
    2. Update the virus definitions.
    3. Do one of the following:
      • Windows 95/98/Me: Restart the computer in Safe mode.
      • Windows NT/2000/XP: End the malicious process.
    4. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as Trojan.Mitglieder.
    5. Reverse the changes made to the registry.
    For details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

    1. Disabling System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
    If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

    Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

    Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

    For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
    Note: When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, re-enable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

    For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article, "Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder," Article ID: Q263455.

    2. Updating the virus definitions
    Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:

    • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
    • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

      The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available: Read "How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater" for detailed instructions.

    3. Restarting the computer in Safe mode or ending the malicious process
      Windows 95/98/Me
      Shut down the computer and turn off the power. Wait for at least 30 seconds, and then restart the computer in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, "How to start the computer in Safe Mode."

      Windows NT/2000/XP
      To end the malicious process:
      1. Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete once.
      2. Click Task Manager.
      3. Click the Processes tab.
      4. Double-click the Image Name column header to alphabetically sort the processes.
      5. Scroll through the list and look for ibot4.exe.

        Note: Do not confuse this with the "System" process, which does not have the .exe extension.

      6. If you find the file, click it, and then click End Process.
      7. Exit the Task Manager.
    4. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
    1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
    2. Run a full system scan.
    3. If any files are detected as infected with Trojan.Mitglieder, click Delete.

    5. Reversing the changes made to the registry

    WARNING: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
    1. Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
    2. Type regedit

      Then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)

    3. Navigate to the key:


    4. In the right pane, delete the value:


    5. Navigate to one of these keys:

      Windows 95/98/Me:


      Windows NT/2000/XP:


    6. In the right pane, delete the value:

      "pid"= <Process ID>
      "uid"= <Random value>
      "port"=<Listening Proxy Port>

    7. Exit the Registry Editor.

    8. If you restarted the computer in Safe mode, restart the computer in Normal mode. For instructions, read the section on returning to Normal mode in the document, "How to start the computer in Safe Mode."

    Writeup By: Eric Chien