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Discovered: February 15, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:17:29 PM
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows

W32.Rusty@m is an email worm that uses MAPI to spread through Microsoft Outlook. It also copies itself to various instant messenger and file-sharing program folders.

The email message has the following characteristics:

Subject: (One of the following):

  • <empty>
  • Mail Delivery System
  • Check this out!
  • Important information for you. Read it immediately!

Attachment: (One of the following):
  • <empty>
  • AvPc AntiAv.exe
  • doc.exe
  • Body,.Html.exe

W32.Rusty@m is written in Visual Basic.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version February 16, 2004
  • Latest Rapid Release version May 07, 2019 revision 006
  • Initial Daily Certified version February 16, 2004
  • Latest Daily Certified version May 07, 2019 revision 008
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date February 16, 2004

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Technical Description

When W32.Rusty@m is executed, it does the following:

  1. Copies itself to:
    • C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start menu\Programs\Startup\VPFW30S.exe
    • C:\WNDOWS\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\F-PROT.exe
    • C:\WINNT\Profiles\All Users\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\CPF9X206.exe
    • C:\WINDOWS\security\Emzy.exe
    • C:\Program Files\WinRAR\WinRAR.exe
    • C:\Program Files\dmcpl.exe
    • C:\ResHacker.exe
    • C:\WINDOWS\system32\notepad.exe
    • C:\WINDOWS\system32\SB4CW.exe
    • C:\Body,.Html.exe
    • C:\Windows\doc.exe
    • C:\AvPc AntiAv.exe

      Note: If any of the above folders do not exist, the worm will not create the file.

  2. Adds the following values:


    to the registry key:


    so that W32.Rusty@m runs when you start Windows.

  3. Adds the following values:

    "Crusty"="C:\Program Files\dmcpl.exe"

    to the registry key:


    so that W32.Rusty@m runs when you start Windows.

  4. Adds the following values:


    to the registry key:


    so that Task Manager is disabled.

  5. Attempts to create copies of W32.Rusty@m with varying sizes in the following folders:
    • C:\My Shared Folder
    • C:\Program Files\eMule\Incoming
    • C:\Program Files\Ares\My Shared Folder
    • C:\Program Files\ICQ File Share\Share

      as the following files:
    • 3D Pinball No-CD.exe
    • 3D Ultra Pinball No-CD.exe
    • 3D Ultra Racer Deluxe No-CD.exe
    • 4x4 Evolution 2 No-CD.exe
    • 4x4 Evolution No-CD.exe
    • 4x4 Off road Adventure 3 No-CD.exe
    • 4x4 Off road Adventure No-CD.exe
    • 18 Wheels Of Steel Across America No-CD.exe
    • 101 Airborne No-CD.exe
    • 442 No-CD.exe
    • 911 Fire & Rescue No-CD.exe
    • 1914 The Great War No-CD.exe
    • Borland C++ Builder 8.0 iso.exe
    • Cable Modem Anonymizer.exe
    • Call of duty No-CD.exe
    • Dangerous Waters No-CD.exe
    • Drake of the 99 Dragons No-CD.exeeMule.exe
    • ftp cracker.exe
    • Ghost Recon - Desert Siege.exe
    • Halo No-CD.exe
    • Hidden & Dangerous 2 No-CD.exe
    • Kuma War No-CD.exe
    • Legacy of Kain Defiance No-CD.exe
    • linux.exe
    • Max Payne 2 No-CD.exe
    • mIRC.v6.12.Keygen.exe
    • Norton AntiVirus 2004 Patch.exe
    • Pokemon Colosseum No-CD.exe
    • SecureCRTPatch.exe
    • Splinter Cell Pandora No-CD.exe
    • Star Chamber No-CD.exe
    • Sub7 Gold.exe
    • Unreal Tournament 2004 No-CD.exe
    • VB6 KeyGen.exe
    • WinAmp5 Crack.exe
    • Windows2003Keygen.exe
    • WinRar.exe
    • WinXPKeyGen.exe
    • WinZip.exe

      Note: If any of the above folders do not exist, the worm will not create the file.

  6. Uses MAPI in Microsoft Outlook to send itself to the first contact in the Outlook address book.

    The email message has the following characteristics:

    Subject: (one of the following)
    • <empty>
    • Mail Delivery System
    • Check this out!
    • Important information for you. Read it immediately!

      Message: (one of the following)
    • <empty>
    • The message cannot be represented in 7-bit ASCII encoding and has been sent as a binary attachment
    • see the attached file or go to Http ://www.%66%72%65%65%77%65%62s.com/deliverysystem/TFAK.zip :D
    • Hey, try this file that i've found yesterday, it's very useful!..check link Http ://www.%66%72%65%65%77%65%62s.com/deliverysystem/Body,.Html.%65x%65

    • Attachment: (one of the following)
    • <empty>
    • AvPc AntiAv.exe
    • doc.exe
    • Body,.Html.exe

  7. Creates C:\Windows\CrustyKill.bat, which runs a program that sends ICMP Echo Request packets (of size 65,500 bytes) to the hosts, www.Norton.com and www.microsoft, in an attempted Denial of Service (DoS) attack.

  8. Attempts to close all the windows whose title bar starts with any of the following strings:
    • Command Prompt
    • Windows Explorer
    • System Restore
    • Quarantine
    • Windows Task Manager
    • Norton AntiVirus
    • Norton AntiVirus Quarantine
    • Registry Editor
    • RegRun II
    • LiveUpdate


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  2. Update the virus definitions.
  3. Restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
  4. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as W32.Rusty@m.
  5. Delete the value that was added to the registry.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. Disabling System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note: When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, re-enable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article, "Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder ," Article ID: Q263455.

2. Updating the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available: Read "How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater" for detailed instructions.

3. Restarting the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode

Shut down the computer and turn off the power. Wait for at least 30 seconds, and then restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
  • For Windows 95, 98, Me, 2000, or XP users, restart the computer in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, "How to start the computer in Safe Mode."
  • For Windows NT 4 users, restart the computer in VGA mode.

4. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with W32.Rusty@m, click Delete.

5. Deleting the value from the registry

WARNING: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
  2. Type regedit

    Then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)

  3. Navigate to the key:


  4. In the right pane, delete the value:


  5. Navigate to the key:


  6. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "Crusty"="C:\Program Files\dmcpl.exe"

  7. Navigate to the key:


  8. In the right pane, delete the value:


  9. Exit the Registry Editor.

Writeup By: Yuhui Huang