W32.HLLW.Gaobot.RQ

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Discovered: March 20, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:19:53 PM
Also Known As: W32/Randbot.worm [McAfee], Backdoor.SdBot.gen [Kaspersky]
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows


W32.HLLW.Gaobot.RQ is a network-aware worm that spreads itself through network shares and IRC networks. The worm also has backdoor capabilities.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version March 22, 2004
  • Latest Rapid Release version September 28, 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version March 22, 2004
  • Latest Daily Certified version September 28, 2010 revision 036
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date March 22, 2004

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Tony Lee

Discovered: March 20, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:19:53 PM
Also Known As: W32/Randbot.worm [McAfee], Backdoor.SdBot.gen [Kaspersky]
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows


When W32.HLLW.Gaobot.RQ is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Creates the mutex, "unitbots," so that only one instance of the worm runs.

  2. Copies itself as %System%\Winicfg32.exe.

  3. Adds the value:

    "configuration loader"="winicfg32.exe"

    to these registry keys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    RunServices

  4. Randomly calculates IP addresses of the infection target and attempts to connect to the infection target at port 445.

  5. Once the connection is established, it uses user accounts found with the API call NetUserEnum, and a predefined set of common weak passwords to log on to the infection target. Once authenticated, the worm will copy itself to the following locations:

    \\<autheticated IP>\c$\zxpayxz.exe
    \\<autheticated IP>\c$\winnt\system32\zxpayxz.exe
    \\<autheticated IP>\Admin$\system32\zxpayxz.exe

    The passwords that it uses are:

    12346
    123467
    1234678
    12346789
    123467890
    access
    accounting
    accounts
    admin
    administrator
    backup
    barbara
    blank
    brian
    bruce
    capitol
    changeme
    cisco
    compaq
    control
    database
    databasepass
    databasepassword
    db1234
    dbpass
    dbpassword
    default
    domain
    domainpass
    domainpassword
    exchange
    exchnge
    frank
    freddy
    george
    guest
    headoffice
    heaven
    homeuser
    internet
    intranet
    katie
    login
    loginpass
    nokia
    oeminstall
    oemuser
    office
    orange
    outlook
    pass1234
    passwd
    password
    password1
    peter
    qwerty
    server
    siemens
    spencer
    sqlpass
    staff
    student
    student1
    susan
    system
    teacher
    technical
    turnip
    user1
    userpassword
    win2000
    win2k
    win98
    windows
    winnt
    winpass
    winxp
    yellow

  6. Launches a threat that carries backdoor functions, which include:
    • Denial of Service (DoS) attack using SYN flood
    • Port redirect
    • Download and execute files
    • Port scan
    • Steal system and personal information
    • Stop threads

  7. Steals CD keys for the following games:
    • Command & Conquer Generals
    • Found FIFA 2003
    • Need For Speed Hot Pursuit 2
    • Call of Duty
    • Soldier of Fortune II - Double Helix
    • Neverwinter
    • Rainbow Six III RavenShield
    • RAVENSHIELD
    • Battlefield 1942 Road To Rome
    • Battlefield 1942 The Road to Rome
    • Project IGI 2
    • Counter-Strike
    • Unreal Tournament 2003
    • Half-Life


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Tony Lee

Discovered: March 20, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:19:53 PM
Also Known As: W32/Randbot.worm [McAfee], Backdoor.SdBot.gen [Kaspersky]
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  2. Update the virus definitions.
  3. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as W32.HLLW.Gaobot.RQ.
  4. Delete the value that was added to the registry.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. Disabling System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note: When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, re-enable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article, "Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder ," Article ID: Q263455.

2. Updating the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available: Read "How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater" for detailed instructions.

3. Scanning for and deleting the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with W32.HLLW.Gaobot.RQ, click Delete.

4. Deleting the value from the registry


WARNING: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and then click Run. (The Run dialog box appears.)
  2. Type regedit

    Then click OK. (The Registry Editor opens.)

  3. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

  4. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "configuration loader"="winicfg32.exe"

  5. Perform one of the following, depending on your operating system:
    • Windows NT/2000/XP: Exit the Registry Editor.
    • Windows 95/98/Me: Proceed to the next step.

  6. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    RunServices

  7. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "configuration loader"="winicfg32.exe"

  8. Exit the Registry Editor.


Writeup By: Tony Lee