Trojan.Mitglieder.I

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Discovered: April 13, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:21:21 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows



Trojan.Mitglieder.I is a minor variant of Trojan.Mitglieder . This Trojan horse opens a proxy on your system that allows it to relay email.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version April 14, 2004
  • Latest Rapid Release version August 08, 2016 revision 023
  • Initial Daily Certified version April 14, 2004
  • Latest Daily Certified version August 09, 2016 revision 001
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date April 14, 2004

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Scott Gettis

Discovered: April 13, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:21:21 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When Trojan.Mitglieder.I is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Copies itself to %System%\realupd.exe.


    Note: %System% is a variable. The Trojan locates the System folder and copies itself to that location. By default, this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).

  2. Adds the value:

    "RealUpdater"="%System%\realupd.exe"

    to the registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    so that the Trojan runs when you start Windows.

  3. Adds the values:
    • "pid"="<Process ID>"
    • "uid"="<Random 8 digit number>"
    • "port"="<Listening Proxy Port>"

      to one of the following registry keys:
    • Windows 95/98/Me:
      HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/Software/DateTime
    • Windows NT/2000/XP:
      HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/DateTime

  4. Modifies the value:

    "{Default}"="%System%\realupd.exe -run %1 %*"

    to the registry key:

    HKEY_CLASS_ROOT\exefile\shell\open\command\

  5. Attempts to contact predetermined Web sites and notify the attacker of the infection.

  6. Attempts to use a predetermined IP address to resolve DNS queries.

  7. Creates a listening proxy on a configurable port, which allows email relay. This functionality is usually used to send unsolicited commercial email.

  8. May do any of the following:
    • Uninstall the Trojan
    • Update the Trojan
    • Download a file named %Windows%\iuplda.exe


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Scott Gettis

Discovered: April 13, 2004
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:21:21 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
  2. Reverse the changes made to the registry.
  3. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  4. Update the virus definitions.
  5. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as Trojan.Mitglieder.I.
For details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.


1. To restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode
Shut down the computer and turn off the power. Wait for at least 30 seconds, and then restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
  • For Windows 95, 98, Me, 2000, or XP users, restart the computer in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, "How to start the computer in Safe Mode."
  • For Windows NT 4 users, restart the computer in VGA mode.
2. To reverse the changes made to the registry
Because the worm modified the registry so that the worm runs when you run .exe files, first make a copy of the Registry Editor as a file with the .com extension, and then run the file.
  1. Do one of the following, depending on the version of Windows you are running:
    • Windows 95/98 users:
      1. Click Start.
      2. Point to Programs.
      3. Click the MS-DOS Prompt. (A DOS window opens at the C:\Windows prompt.) Proceed with step B of this section.

    • Windows Me users:
      1. Click Start.
      2. Point to Programs.
      3. Point to Accessories.
      4. Click the MS-DOS Prompt. (A DOS window opens at the C:\Windows prompt.) Proceed with step B of this section.

    • Windows NT/2000 users:
      1. Click Start, and then click Run.
      2. Type command, and then press Enter. (A DOS window opens.)
      3. Type cd \winnt, and then press Enter.
      4. Go to step B of this section.

    • Windows XP users:
      1. Click Start, and then click Run.
      2. Type command, and then press Enter. (A DOS window opens.)
      3. Type the following:

        cd\
        cd \windows

        Press Enter after typing each one.

      4. Proceed with step B of this section.

  2. Type copy regedit.exe regedit.com

    and then press Enter.

  3. Type start regedit.com

    and then press Enter. (The Registry Editor opens in front of the DOS window.)

    After you finish editing the registry, exit the Registry Editor, and then exit the DOS window as well.

  4. Before continuing, Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified keys only. For instructions, read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry."

  5. Navigate to and select the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes\exefile\shell\open\command

    Note: The HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes key contains many subkey entries that refer to other file extensions. One of these file extensions is .exe. Changing this extension can prevent any files ending with a .exe extension from running. Make sure that you completely browse through this path until you reach the \command subkey.

    Modify the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes\exefile\shell\open\command subkey, shown in the following figure:


    <<=== NOTE: Modify this key.

  6. In the right pane, double-click the (Default) value.
  7. Delete the current value data, and then type:

    "%1" %*

    That is, type the characters: quote-percent-one-quote-space-percent-asterisk.

    NOTES
    • Under Windows 95/98/Me/NT, the Registry Editor automatically encloses the value within quotation marks. When you click OK, the (Default) value should look exactly like this:

      ""%1" %*"  
    • Under Windows 2000/XP, the additional quotation marks will not appear. When you click OK, the (Default) value should look exactly like this:

      "%1" %*
    • Make sure that you completely delete all the value data in the command key before typing the correct data. If you leave a space at the beginning of the entry, any attempt to run the program files will result in the error message, "Windows cannot find .exe." If this occurs, restart the entire process from the beginning of this document and make sure that you completely remove the current value data.

  8. Navigate to the key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

  9. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "RealUpdater"="%System%\realupd.exe"


  10. Navigate to one of these keys:
    • Windows 95/98/Me:
      HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/Software/DateTime
    • Windows NT/2000/XP:
      HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/DateTime

  11. In the right pane, delete the values:
    • "pid"="<Process ID>"
    • "uid"="<Random 8 digit number>"
    • "port"="<Listening Proxy Port>"

  12. Exit the Registry Editor.
  13. Restart the computer in Normal mode.

3. To disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note: When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, re-enable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article, "Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder," Article ID: Q263455.

4. To update the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:

  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available: Read "How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater" for detailed instructions.


5. To scan for and delete the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with Trojan.Mitglieder.I, click Delete.


Writeup By: Scott Gettis