W32.Sober.J@mm

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Discovered: January 30, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:32:45 PM
Also Known As: Win32.Sober.J [Computer Associ, Sober.J [F-Secure], Email-Worm.Win32.Sober.j [Kasp, W32/Sober.k@MM [McAfee], W32/Sober-K [Sophos], WORM_SOBER.J [Trend Micro]
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows


W32.Sober.J@mm is a mass-mailing worm that uses its own SMTP engine to send itself to email addresses it gathers from the compromised computer.

The subject of the email varies and is in either English or German. The email sender address is spoofed. The name of the email attachment varies, and it has a .bat, .com, .pif, .scr, or .zip file extension. The attachment may also have a double extension.

This threat is written in the Microsoft Visual Basic programming language and is compressed with UPX.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version January 31, 2005
  • Latest Rapid Release version May 07, 2019 revision 006
  • Initial Daily Certified version January 31, 2005
  • Latest Daily Certified version May 07, 2019 revision 008
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date January 31, 2005

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.


Technical Description


Once executed, W32.Sober.J@mm performs the following actions:

  1. Creates two files in the %System% folder using a file name composed from the following strings:

    • sys
    • host
    • dir
    • expoler
    • win
    • run
    • log
    • 32
    • disc
    • crypt
    • data
    • diag
    • spool
    • service
    • smss32

      Note: %System% is a variable that refers to the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).

  2. Adds the value:

    "[random value name]" = "%System%\[random file name].exe"

    to the registry subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion

    so that the worm executes every time Windows starts.

    Note: [random value name] is one of the following:

    • sys
    • host
    • dir
    • explorer
    • win
    • run
    • log
    • 32
    • disc
    • crypt
    • data
    • diag
    • spool
    • service
    • smss32

  3. Creates the following files:

    • %System%\dgsfzipp.gmx
    • %System%\read.me
    • %System%\dgssxy.yoi
    • %System%\sysmms32.lla
    • %System%\cvqaikxt.apk
    • %System%\Odin-Anon.Ger
    • %System%\datamx.dam
    • %System%\nonrunso.ber

  4. Searches for and deletes any previous variants of the Sober worm that may be installed on the compromised computer.

  5. Checks the network connection by contacting an NTP server on TCP port 37, or by resolving one of the following domains:

    • microsoft.com
    • bigfoot.com
    • yahoo.com
    • t-online.de
    • google.com
    • hotmail.com

  6. Gathers email addresses from the Windows Address Book and from files with the following extensions:

    • pmr
    • phtm
    • stm
    • slk
    • inbox
    • imb
    • csv
    • bak
    • imh
    • xhtml
    • imm
    • imh
    • cms
    • nws
    • vcf
    • ctl
    • dhtm
    • cgi
    • pp
    • ppt
    • msg
    • jsp
    • oft
    • vbs
    • uin
    • ldb
    • abc
    • pst
    • cfg
    • mdw
    • mbx
    • mdx
    • mda
    • adp
    • nab
    • fdb
    • vap
    • dsp
    • ade
    • sln
    • dsw
    • mde
    • frm
    • bas
    • adr
    • cls
    • ini
    • ldif
    • log
    • mdb
    • xml
    • wsh
    • tbb
    • abx
    • abd
    • adb
    • pl
    • rtf
    • mmf
    • doc
    • ods
    • nch
    • xls
    • nsf
    • txt
    • wab
    • eml
    • hlp
    • mht
    • nfo
    • php
    • asp
    • shtml
    • dbx

      It avoids email addresses that contain the following substrings:

    • ntp-
    • ntp@
    • ntp.
    • info@
    • test@
    • office
    • @www
    • @from.
    • support
    • smtp-
    • @smtp.
    • gold-certs
    • ftp.
    • .dial.
    • .ppp.
    • anyone
    • subscribe
    • announce
    • @gmetref
    • sql.
    • someone
    • nothing
    • you@
    • user@
    • reciver@
    • somebody
    • secure
    • me@
    • whatever@
    • whoever@
    • anywhere
    • yourname
    • mustermann@
    • .kundenserver.
    • mailer-daemon
    • variabel
    • password
    • noreply
    • - -dav
    • law2
    • .sul.t-
    • .qmail@
    • t-ipconnect
    • t-dialin
    • ipt.aol
    • time
    • postmas
    • service
    • freeav
    • @ca.
    • abuse
    • winrar
    • domain.
    • host.
    • viren
    • bitdefender
    • spybot
    • detection
    • ewido.
    • emsisoft
    • linux
    • google
    • @foo.
    • winzip
    • @example.
    • bellcore.
    • @arin
    • mozilla
    • @iana
    • @avp
    • icrosoft.
    • @sophos
    • @panda
    • @kaspers
    • free-av
    • antivir
    • virus
    • verizon.
    • @ikarus.
    • @nai.
    • @messagelab
    • nlpmail01.
    • clock

  7. Sends itself to the email addresses that it finds, using its own SMTP Engine. The worm's email messages will be in either English or German. The email has the following characteristics:

    From:
    Spoofed. It may be one of the email addresses that the worm finds on the compromised computer.

    Subject:
    One of the following:

    • I've got YOUR email on my account!!
    • Ey du DOOF Nase, warum beantw...

      Body:
      One of the following:

    • Hello,
      First, Sorry for my very bad English!
      Someone send your private mails on my email account!
      I think it's an Mail-Provider or SMTP error.
      Normally, I delete such emails immediately, but in the mail-text is a
      name & adress. I think it's your name and adress.
      In the last 8 days i've got 7 mails in my mail-box, but the recipient
      are you, not me. lol
      OK, I've copied all email text in the Windows Text-Editor and i've
      zipped the text file with WinZip.
      The sender of this mails is in the text file, too.
      bye
    • Warum beantwortest Du meine E-Mails nicht?
      Kommen meine Mails nicht mehr bei dir an oder so???
      Habe mir jetzt extra eine neue Mail Adresse bei GMX gemacht!
      Ich hoffe mal, das sie jetzt zu dir durch dringen wird.
      In meinen anderen Mails habe ich einige Wichtige Dinge
      niedergeschrieben, hatte aber keine Lust alles nochmal zu schreiben.
      Deshalb habe ich die alten Mail-Texte im Texteditor kopiert und mit
      Winzip kleiner gemacht.
      Lesen und diesmal auch bescheid geben!!!!
      tschau.....

      Attachment:
      One of the following, with a .pif, .zip, .scr, .bat, or .com extension:

    • text.zip
    • texts.zip


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.


Removal


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  2. Update the virus definitions.
  3. Restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
  4. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected as W32.Sober.J@mm.
  5. Delete the value that was added to the registry.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. To disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note:
When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, re-enable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article, "Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder ," Article ID: Q263455.


2. To update the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted daily. You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available: Read "How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater" for detailed instructions.

3. To restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode
Shut down the computer and turn off the power. Wait for at least 30 seconds, and then restart the computer in Safe mode or VGA mode.
  • For Windows 95, 98, Me, 2000, or XP users, restart the computer in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, "How to start the computer in Safe Mode."
  • For Windows NT 4 users, restart the computer in VGA mode.


4. To scan for and delete the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with W32.Sober.J@mm, click Delete.

5. To delete the value from the registry
Important: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified subkeys only. Read the document, "How to make a backup of the Windows registry ," for instructions.
  1. Click Start > Run.
  2. Type regedit

    Then click OK.

  3. Navigate to the subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion

  4. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "[random value name]" = "%System%\[random file name].exe"

    Note: [random value name] is one of the following:

    • sys
    • host
    • dir
    • explorer
    • win
    • run
    • log
    • 32
    • disc
    • crypt
    • data
    • diag
    • spool
    • service
    • smss32

  5. Exit the Registry Editor.

  6. Restart the computer in Normal Mode.


Writeup By: Takayoshi Nakayama