Backdoor.Berbew.S

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Discovered: June 28, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:41:32 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


Backdoor.Berbew.S is a Trojan that steals passwords and opens a back door allowing a remote attacker unauthorized access to the compromised computer. The Trojan also attempts to lower security settings in Internet Explorer.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version June 29, 2005
  • Latest Rapid Release version September 28, 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version June 29, 2005
  • Latest Daily Certified version September 28, 2010 revision 036
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date June 29, 2005

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Elia Florio

Discovered: June 28, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:41:32 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When Backdoor.Berbew.S is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Creates the following files:

    • %System%\[8 RANDOM CHARACTERS].dll
    • %System%\[8 RANDOM CHARACTERS].exe

      or:

    • %System%\[6 RANDOM CHARACTERS]32.dll
    • %System%\[6 RANDOM CHARACTERS]32.exe

      Note: %System% is a variable that refers to the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).

  2. Adds the value:

    "InProcServer32" = "[RANDOM NAME].dll"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{F28A40D7-AD0E-034A-C651-5F0ED76232E6}

    so that it is executed every time Windows starts.

  3. Adds the value:

    "Internet Explorer" = "{F28A40D7-AD0E-034A-C651-5F0ED76232E6}"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    ShellServiceObjectDelayLoad

    so that it is executed every time Windows starts.

  4. Modifies the value:

    "1601" = "0"

    in the registry subkeys:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\0
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\1
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\2
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\3
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\4

    to lower the security settings in Internet Explorer.

  5. Modifies the value:

    "GlobalUserOffline" = "0"

    in the registry subkey:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings

    to lower the security settings in Internet Explorer.

  6. Adds the value:

    "tmp" = "[RANDOM NAME].exe"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Direct3D

    as an infection marker.

  7. Opens a back door on a random port to allow the remote attacker to have unauthorized access to the compromised computer. It also enables the compromised computer to be used as a covert proxy server.

  8. Steals passwords from the compromised computer and the installed keylogger intercepts data entered into forms in Internet Explorer.

  9. Uses rootkit technology to hide the processes, files and registry subkeys associated with itself.


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Elia Florio

Discovered: June 28, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:41:32 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  2. Update the virus definitions.
  3. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected.
  4. Delete any values added to the registry.
  5. Reset the Internet Security zone settings.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. To disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note:
When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, reenable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder (Article ID: Q263455).

2. To update the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted daily. You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The latest Intelligent Updater virus definitions can be obtained here: Intelligent Updater virus definitions. For detailed instructions read the document: How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater.


3. To scan for and delete the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected, click Delete.

Important: If you are unable to start your Symantec antivirus product or the product reports that it cannot delete a detected file, you may need to stop the risk from running in order to remove it. To do this, run the scan in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, How to start the computer in Safe Mode . Once you have restarted in Safe mode, run the scan again.

After the files are deleted, restart the computer in Normal mode and proceed with the next section.

Warning messages may be displayed when the computer is restarted, since the threat may not be fully removed at this point. You can ignore these messages and click OK. These messages will not appear when the computer is restarted after the removal instructions have been fully completed. The messages displayed may be similar to the following:

Title: [File path]
Message body: Windows cannot find [file name]. Make sure you typed the name correctly, and then try again. To search for a file, click the Start button, and then click Search.


4. To delete the value from the registry
Important: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified subkeys only. For instructions refer to the document: How to make a backup of the Windows registry.
  1. Click Start > Run.
  2. Type regedit
  3. Click OK.

    Note: If the registry editor fails to open the threat may have modified the registry to prevent access to the registry editor. Security Response has developed a tool to resolve this problem. Download and run this tool, and then continue with the removal.

  4. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{F28A40D7-AD0E-034A-C651-5F0ED76232E6}

  5. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "InProcServer32" = "[RANDOM NAME].dll"

  6. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    ShellServiceObjectDelayLoad

  7. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "Internet Explorer" = "{F28A40D7-AD0E-034A-C651-5F0ED76232E6}"

  8. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings

  9. In the right pane, reset the value:

    "GlobalUserOffline" = "0"

  10. Exit the Registry Editor.

5. To reset the Internet security zone settings
  1. Open Microsoft Internet Explorer.
  2. Click Tools > Internet Options.
  3. Click the Security tab.
  4. Click the Internet Icon.
  5. Click Default Level.
  6. Click the Local Intranet Icon.
  7. Click Sites.
  8. Remove any Web sites from the list that you do not recognise or do not trust.
  9. Click Default Level.
  10. Click the Trusted sites Icon.
  11. Click on Sites.
  12. Remove any Web sites from the list that you do not recognise or do not trust.
  13. Click Default Level.
  14. Click the Restricted sites Icon.
  15. Click on Sites.
  16. Remove any Web sites from the list that you want to have access to.
  17. Click Default Level on lower right corner of the window.
  18. Click OK on lower right corner of the window.


Writeup By: Elia Florio