Backdoor.Haxdoor.E

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Discovered: August 01, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:42:59 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


Backdoor.Haxdoor.E is a Trojan horse program that opens a back door on the compromised computer and allows a remote attacker to have unauthorized access. It also logs keystrokes, steals passwords, and drops rootkits that run in safe mode.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version August 02, 2005
  • Latest Rapid Release version August 08, 2016 revision 023
  • Initial Daily Certified version August 02, 2005
  • Latest Daily Certified version August 09, 2016 revision 001
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date August 03, 2005

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Masaki Suenaga

Discovered: August 01, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:42:59 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When Backdoor.Haxdoor.E is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Drops the following copies of itself:

    • %System%\avpx64.sys (19728 bytes)
    • %System%\qz.sys (19728 bytes)
    • %System%\avpx32.sys (4096 bytes)
    • %System%\qy.sys (4096 bytes)

      Note: %System% is a variable that refers to the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).

  2. Drops the following files, which are copies of Backdoor.Haxdoor.C:

    • %System%\avpx32.dll (35349 bytes)
    • %System%\qz.dll (35349 bytes)

  3. Creates the following files:

    • %System%\redir2.a3d
    • %System%\fltr.a3d
    • %System%\p3.ini

      Note: The Trojan hides all of the above files using a rootkit.

  4. Creates the services avpx32 and avpx64 by creating the following registry subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\avpx32
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\avpx64

    Note: The Trojan also hides all of the above services using a rootkit.

  5. Adds the values:

    "secureUID" = "[RANDOM NUMBER]"
    "secureTIME" = "[DAY:MONTH]"
    "DllName" = "avpx32.dll"
    "Startup" = "MmMapView3"
    "Impersonate"
    "Asynchronous "
    "MaxWait "

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
    \Notify\avpx32

    on computers running Windows XP/2000/NT so that it is executed every time Windows starts.

  6. Adds the values:

    "DllName" = "avpx32.dll"
    "EntryPoint" = "MmMapView3"
    "StackSize" = "0"
    "SecureID" = "[RANDOM NUMBER]"
    "SecureTIME" = "[DAY:MONTH]"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\MPRServices\TestService

    on computers running Windows 98/Me so that it is executed every time Windows starts.

  7. Creates the following registry entries so that it runs in safe mode:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Minimal
    \avpx32.sys
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Network
    \avpx32.sys
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Minimal
    \avpx64.sys
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Network
    \avpx64.sys

  8. Adds the value:

    "EnforceWriteProtection" = "0"

    to the registry entry:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager
    \Memory Management

    to prevent the computer from checking for abnormal memory overwrite and to allow the Trojan to overwrite parts of the memory.

  9. Attempts to hide its presence by injecting avpx32.dll into the process of explorer.exe and executing a remote thread.

  10. Attempts to delete following registry subkey, which may be related to older versions of the Trojan:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
    \Notify\drct16

  11. Opens a back door on TCP port 7080, 8008, or 16661. The remote attacker can then perform the following actions on the compromised computer:

    • Download files
    • Execute programs
    • Control the device driver of the rootkit
    • Steal passwords stored in Protected Storage
    • Steal cached passwords by calling WNetEnumCachedPasswords API
    • Steal the Miranda IM password
    • Gather dialup connection information
    • Check if webmoney application is installed on the compromised computer
    • Steal the ICQ password
    • Log keystrokes

  12. Injects code into the following processes, which results in avpx32.dll being loaded into these processes:

    • explorer.exe
    • iexplore.exe
    • opera.exe
    • myie.exe
    • mozilla.exe
    • thebat.exe
    • outlook.exe
    • msn.exe
    • icq.exe

  13. Steals information by opening the URL cache file (History.IE5\index.dat), and looking for the following strings:

    • ebay.com
    • paypal.c
    • e-gold.c

  14. Attempts to end the following processes:

    • zapro.exe
    • vsmon.exe
    • jamapp.exe
    • atrack.exe
    • iamapp.exe
    • FwAct.exe
    • mpfagent.exe
    • outpost.exe
    • zlclient.exe
    • mpftray.exe

  15. Redirects access from the following domains to the microsoft.com domain:

    • avp.ch
    • avp.com
    • avp.ru
    • awaps.net
    • customer.symantec.com
    • dispatch.mcafee.com
    • download.mcafee.com
    • downloads1.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads1.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads1.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads2.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads3.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads4.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads-us1.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads-us2.kaspersky-labs.com
    • downloads-us3.kaspersky-labs.com
    • engine.awaps.net
    • f-secure.com
    • ftp.avp.ch
    • ftp.downloads2.kaspersky-labs.com
    • ftp.f-secure.com
    • ftp.kasperskylab.ru
    • ftp.kaspersky.ru
    • d-ru-1f.kaspersky-labs.com
    • d-ru-2f.kaspersky-labs.com
    • d-eu-1f.kaspersky-labs.com
    • d-eu-2f.kaspersky-labs.com
    • d-us-1f.kaspersky-labs.com
    • ftp.sophos.com
    • ids.kaspersky-labs.com
    • kaspersky.com
    • kaspersky-labs.com
    • liveupdate.symantec.com
    • liveupdate.symantec.com
    • liveupdate.symantec.com
    • liveupdate.symantecliveupdate.com
    • liveupdate.symantecliveupdate.com
    • mast.mcafee.com
    • mcafee.com
    • my-etrust.com
    • networkassociates.com
    • phx.corporate-ir.net
    • rads.mcafee.com
    • securityresponse.symantec.com
    • service1.symantec.com
    • sophos.com
    • spd.atdmt.com
    • symantec.com
    • trendmicro.com
    • update.symantec.com
    • updates.symantec.com
    • updates1.kaspersky-labs.com
    • updates1.kaspersky-labs.com
    • updates2.kaspersky-labs.com
    • updates3.kaspersky-labs.com
    • updates3.kaspersky-labs.com
    • updates4.kaspersky-labs.com
    • updates5.kaspersky-labs.com
    • us.mcafee.com
    • virustotal.com

  16. Retrieves detailed account information by accessing the following URL with some locally stolen information added as parameters:

    [https://]www.e-gold.com/[REMOVED]acct/accountinfo.asp

  17. Sends an email containing the stolen information to a predetermined email address.

  18. Hides the existence of the predetermined files, such as avpx32.dll, avpx32.sys, and avpx64.sys. It also hides the existence of the predetermined process.

  19. Controls and accesses the keyboard, the display, the floppy drive, and CMOS.

  20. Ends a process specified by avpx32.dll.

  21. Copies the system password file %System%\config\SAM to %System%\config\SSL.


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Masaki Suenaga

Discovered: August 01, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:42:59 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Restart the computer using the Windows Recovery Console.
  2. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  3. Remove all the entries that the risk added to the hosts file.
  4. Update the virus definitions.
  5. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected.
  6. Delete any values added to the registry.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. To restart the computer using the Windows Recovery Console
To remove this threat it is necessary to restart the computer and run the Windows Recovery Console. For full details on how to do this please read the Microsoft Knowledge Base article: How to install and use the Recovery Console in Windows XP .
  1. Insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive.
  2. Restart the computer from the CD-ROM drive
  3. Press "R" to start the Recovery Console when the "Welcome to Setup" screen apprears.
  4. Select the installation that you want to access from the Recovery Console, if you have a dual-boot computer.
  5. Enter the administrator password
  6. Press Enter
  7. Type cd system32
  8. Press Enter
  9. Type del avpx32.dll
  10. Press Enter
  11. Type del qz.dll 
  12. Press Enter
  13. Type del avpx64.sys 
  14. Press Enter
  15. Type del qz.sys 
  16. Press Enter
  17. Type del avpx32.sys 
  18. Press Enter
  19. Type del qy.sys 
  20. Press Enter
  21. Type del redir2.a3d
  22. Press Enter
  23. Type del fltr.a3d
  24. Press Enter
  25. Type del p3.ini
  26. Press Enter
  27. Type exit
  28. Press Enter. The computer will now restart automatically.

2. To disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note:
When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, reenable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder (Article ID: Q263455).

3. To remove all the entries that the risk added to the hosts file
  1. Navigate to the following location:

    • Windows 95/98/Me:
      %Windir%
    • Windows NT/2000/XP:
      %Windir%\System32\drivers\etc

      Notes:
    • The location of the hosts file may vary and some computers may not have this file. There may also be multiple copies of this file in different locations. If the file is not located in these folders, search your disk drives for the hosts file, and then complete the following steps for each instance found.
    • %Windir% is a variable that refers to the Windows installation folder. By default, this is C:\Windows (Windows 95/98/Me/XP) or C:\Winnt (Windows NT/2000).

  2. Double-click the hosts file.
  3. If necessary, deselect the "Always use this program to open this program" check box.
  4. Scroll through the list of programs and double-click Notepad.
  5. When the file opens, delete all the entries added by the risk. (See the Technical Details section for a complete list of entries.)
  6. Close Notepad and save your changes when prompted.
4. To update the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted daily. You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The latest Intelligent Updater virus definitions can be obtained here: Intelligent Updater virus definitions. For detailed instructions read the document: How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater.

5. To scan for and delete the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected, click Delete.

Important: If you are unable to start your Symantec antivirus product or the product reports that it cannot delete a detected file, you may need to stop the risk from running in order to remove it. To do this, run the scan in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, How to start the computer in Safe Mode . Once you have restarted in Safe mode, run the scan again.

After the files are deleted, restart the computer in Normal mode and proceed with the next section.

Warning messages may be displayed when the computer is restarted, since the threat may not be fully removed at this point. You can ignore these messages and click OK. These messages will not appear when the computer is restarted after the removal instructions have been fully completed. The messages displayed may be similar to the following:

Title: [FILE PATH]
Message body: Windows cannot find [FILE NAME]. Make sure you typed the name correctly, and then try again. To search for a file, click the Start button, and then click Search.

6. To delete the value from the registry
Important: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified subkeys only. For instructions refer to the document: How to make a backup of the Windows registry.
  1. Click Start > Run.
  2. Type regedit
  3. Click OK.

    Note: If the registry editor fails to open the threat may have modified the registry to prevent access to the registry editor. Security Response has developed a tool to resolve this problem. Download and run this tool, and then continue with the removal.

  4. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
    \Notify\avpx32

  5. In the right pane, delete the values if present:

    "secureUID" = "[RANDOM NUMBER]"
    "secureTIME" = "[DAY:MONTH]"
    "DllName" = "avpx32.dll"
    "Startup" = "MmMapView3"
    "Impersonate"
    "Asynchronous"
    "MaxWait"

  6. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\MPRServices
    \TestService

  7. In the right pane, delete the values if present:

    "DllName" = "avpx32.dll"
    "EntryPoint" = "MmMapView3"
    "StackSize" = "0"
    "SecureID" = "[RANDOM NUMBER]"
    "SecureTIME" = "[DAY:MONTH]"

  8. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager
    \Memory Management

  9. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "EnforceWriteProtection" = "0"

  10. Navigate to and delete the subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Minimal
    \avpx32.sys
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Network
    \avpx32.sys
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Minimal
    \avpx64.sys
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Network
    \avpx64.sys
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\avpx32
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\avpx64

  11. Exit the Registry Editor.


Writeup By: Masaki Suenaga