W32.Spybot.WON

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Discovered: September 07, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:44:09 PM
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows



W32.Spybot.WON is a worm that has distributed denial of service and back door capabilities. The worm spreads by exploiting numerous vulnerabilities, including the Microsoft Windows Plug and Play Buffer Overflow Vulnerability (as described in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS05-039 ).

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version September 07, 2005
  • Latest Rapid Release version July 27, 2009 revision 085
  • Initial Daily Certified version September 07, 2005
  • Latest Daily Certified version July 27, 2009 revision 073
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date September 07, 2005

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Rodney Andres

Discovered: September 07, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:44:09 PM
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows


When W32.Spybot.WON is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Copies itself as %Windir%\wordpad.exe.

    Note: %Windir% is a variable that refers to the Windows installation folder. By default, this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt.

  2. Drops the following driver, which infects the "System" process and hooks "ZwDeviceIoControlFile". If the viral process "wordpad.exe" is killed, the rootkit routine will restart "wordpad.exe":

    %System%\orans.sys

    Note: %System% is a variable that refers to the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).

  3. Creates a service with the following properties:

    Service Name: wordpad
    Display Name: wordpad

  4. Creates a service with the following properties:

    Service Name: orans
    Display Name: orans

  5. By creating the above services, the following registry subkeys will be created:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\LEGACY_ORANS
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\LEGACY_WORDPAD
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\orans
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\wordpad

  6. Modifies the values:

    "FirewallDisableNotify" = "1"
    "UpdatesDisableNotify" = "1"
    "AntiVirusDisableNotify" = "1"
    "FirewallOverride"  = "1"
    "AntiVirusOverride" = "1"

    in the registry subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center

    to disable Windows security features.

  7. Modifies the value:

    "WaitToKillServiceTimeout" = "7000"

    in the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control

  8. Modifies the value:

    "AUOptions" = "1"

    in the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
    WindowsUpdate\Auto Update

    to disable Automatic Update.

  9. Modifies the value:

    "DoNotAllowXPSP2" = "1"

    in the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate

    to prevent the installation of Windows XP Service Pack 2 on the compromised computer.

  10. Modifies the value:

    "EnableFirewall"  = "0"

    in the registry subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\WindowsFirewall\
    StandardProfile
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\WindowsFirewall\
    DomainProfile

    to disable the firewall.

  11. Modifies the value:

    "EnableDCOM" = "N"

    in the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Ole

    to disable DCOM.

  12. Modifies the value:

    "restrictanonymous" = "1"

    in the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa

    to restrict anonymous access to network shares.

  13. Modifies the value:

    "Start" = "4"

    to the registry subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Services\wscsvc
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Messenger
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\RemoteRegistry
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\TlntSvr


  14. Opens a back door by connecting to an IRC server on one of the following domains through TCP ports 889 or 19899:

    • 0x80.online-secured.com
    • 0x80.online-animal.com
    • exploited.lsass.org

  15. May perform the following actions, if a successful connection is made to the remote attacker:

    • Start and stop threads and processes
    • Start a SOCKS4 server
    • Run shell commands
    • Change IE start page
    • Flush DNS and ARP cache
    • Steal passwords from protected storage
    • Open and delete files
    • Download remote files
    • Perform denial of service attacks
    • View and delete registry keys
    • Obtain System information such as: CPU type, OS version, RAM

  16. Spreads to other computers by exploiting the following vulnerabilities:



Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Rodney Andres

Discovered: September 07, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:44:09 PM
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  2. Update the virus definitions.
  3. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected.
  4. Delete any values added to the registry.
  5. Restore the Windows Security Center.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. To disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note:
When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, reenable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder (Article ID: Q263455).

2. To update the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted daily. You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The latest Intelligent Updater virus definitions can be obtained here: Intelligent Updater virus definitions. For detailed instructions read the document: How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater.


3. To scan for and delete the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected, click Delete.

Important: If you are unable to start your Symantec antivirus product or the product reports that it cannot delete a detected file, you may need to stop the risk from running in order to remove it. To do this, run the scan in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, How to start the computer in Safe Mode . Once you have restarted in Safe mode, run the scan again.

After the files are deleted, restart the computer in Normal mode and proceed with the next section.

Warning messages may be displayed when the computer is restarted, since the threat may not be fully removed at this point. You can ignore these messages and click OK. These messages will not appear when the computer is restarted after the removal instructions have been fully completed. The messages displayed may be similar to the following:

Title: [FILE PATH]
Message body: Windows cannot find [FILE NAME]. Make sure you typed the name correctly, and then try again. To search for a file, click the Start button, and then click Search.


4. To delete the value from the registry
Important: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified subkeys only. For instructions refer to the document: How to make a backup of the Windows registry.
  1. Click Start > Run.
  2. Type regedit
  3. Click OK.

    Note: If the registry editor fails to open the threat may have modified the registry to prevent access to the registry editor. Security Response has developed a tool to resolve this problem. Download and run this tool, and then continue with the removal.

  4. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\OLE

  5. In the right pane, reset the following value to its original setting (if applicable):

    "EnableDCOM"

  6. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa

  7. In the right pane, reset the following value to its original setting (if applicable):

    "restrictanonymous"

  8. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control

  9. In the right pane, reset the following value from:

    "WaitToKillServiceTimeout" = "7000"


    to its original setting:

    "WaitToKillServiceTimeout" = "20000"

  10. Navigate to and delete the following subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\LEGACY_ORANS
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\LEGACY_WORDPAD
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\orans
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\wordpad

  11. Exit the Registry Editor.


5. To restore the Windows Security Center
This risk attempts to disable the features in the Windows Security Center, available in Windows XP Service Pack 2. If you are running Windows XP Service Pack 2 and would like to restore the full functionality of the Windows Security Center, please complete the following steps:

Important: If your computer is connected to a domain, you may not be able to adjust these settings. If so, contact your network administrator for more information.
  1. Click Start > Control Panel.
  2. Double-click the Security Center.
  3. In the right pane, click Windows Firewall. The Windows Firewall appears.
  4. Select On.
  5. Click OK to close the Windows Firewall.
  6. In the left pane of the Security Center, select Change the way Security Center alerts me.
  7. Click Alert Settings.
  8. Select Alert Settings, Firewall, and Virus Protection.
  9. Click OK
  10. Click Automatic Updates.
  11. Select Automatic.
  12. Click OK.
  13. Exit the Security Center.


Writeup By: Rodney Andres