Backdoor.Brakkeshell

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Discovered: September 20, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:44:34 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


Backdoor.Brakkeshell is a Trojan horse that opens a back door on the compromised computer and waits for commands.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version September 20, 2005
  • Latest Rapid Release version September 28, 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version September 20, 2005
  • Latest Daily Certified version September 28, 2010 revision 036
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date September 20, 2005

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Elia Florio

Discovered: September 20, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:44:34 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When Backdoor.Brakkeshell is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Creates the following subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\SFTRANSFER

    which creates a service with the following characteristics:

    Service Name: SFTRANSFER
    Display Name: SFTRANSFER
    Description: Secure file transfer protocol

  2. Creates the following registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\
    LEGACY_SFTRANSFER

  3. Opens a backdoor on TCP port 1409 and awaits additional commands.

  4. Allows the remote attacker the ability to perform the following actions:

    • List active processes
    • End active processes
    • Start or stop a service
    • Get information about the compromised computer
    • Restart the compromised computer
    • Download and execute a remote file
    • Run a system shell

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Elia Florio

Discovered: September 20, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:44:34 PM
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all Symantec antivirus products that support security risk detection.

  1. Update the definitions.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. Delete any values added to the registry.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. To update the definitions
To obtain the most recent definitions, start your Symantec program and run LiveUpdate.


2. To run the scan
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program, and then run a full system scan.
  2. If any files are detected, and depending on which software version you are using, you may see one or more of the following options:

    Note: This applies only to versions of Norton AntiVirus that support security risk detection. If you are running a version of Symantec AntiVirus Corporate Edition that supports security risk detection, and security risk detection has been enabled, you will only see a message box that gives the results of the scan. If you have questions in this situation, contact your network administrator.
    • Exclude (Not recommended): If you click this button, it will set the risk so that it is no longer detectable. That is, the antivirus program will keep the security risk on your computer and will no longer detect it to remove from your computer.

    • Ignore or Skip: This option tells the scanner to ignore the risk for this scan only. It will be detected again the next time that you run a scan.

    • Cancel: This option is new to Norton Antivirus 2005. It is used when Norton Antivirus 2005 has determined that it cannot delete a security risk. This Cancel option tells the scanner to ignore the risk for this scan only, and thus, the risk will be detected again the next time that you run a scan.

      To actually delete the security risk:
      • Click its file name (under the Filename column).
      • In the Item Information box that displays, write down the full path and file name.
      • Then use Windows Explorer to locate and delete the file.

    • Delete: This option will attempt to delete the detected files. In some cases, the scanner will not be able to do this.
      • If you see a message, "Delete Failed" (or similar message), manually delete the file.
      • Click the file name of the risk that is under the Filename column.
      • In the Item Information box that displays, write down the full path and file name.
      • Then use Windows Explorer to locate and delete the file.

Important: If you are unable to start your Symantec antivirus product or the product reports that it cannot delete a detected file, you may need to stop the risk from running in order to remove it. To do this, run the scan in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, How to start the computer in Safe Mode . Once you have restarted in Safe mode, run the scan again.

After the files are deleted, restart the computer in Normal mode and proceed with the next section.

Warning messages may be displayed when the computer is restarted, since the risk may not be fully removed at this point. You can ignore these messages and click OK. These messages will not appear when the computer is restarted after the removal instructions have been fully completed. The messages displayed may be similar to the following:

Title: [FILE PATH]
Message body: Windows cannot find [FILE NAME]. Make sure you typed the name correctly, and then try again. To search for a file, click the Start button, and then click Search.

3. To delete the value from the registry
Important: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified subkeys only. Read the document: How to make a backup of the Windows registry .
  1. Click Start > Run.
  2. Type regedit

    Then click OK.

    Note: If the registry editor fails to open the risk may have modified the registry to prevent access to the registry editor. Security Response has developed a tool to resolve this problem. Download and run this tool, and then continue with the removal.

  3. Navigate to and delete the following registry subkeys:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\SFTRANSFER
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Enum\Root\
    LEGACY_SFTRANSFER

  4. Exit the Registry Editor.


Writeup By: Elia Florio