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Discovered: October 12, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:45:23 PM
Also Known As: WORM_RONTOKBRO.C [Trend Micro], Email-Worm.Win32.Brontok.a [Ka
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows

W32.Rontokbro.D@mm is a mass-mailing worm that causes system instability.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version October 12, 2005
  • Latest Rapid Release version January 15, 2018 revision 020
  • Initial Daily Certified version October 12, 2005
  • Latest Daily Certified version January 15, 2018 revision 024
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date October 12, 2005

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Candid Wueest

Discovered: October 12, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:45:23 PM
Also Known As: WORM_RONTOKBRO.C [Trend Micro], Email-Worm.Win32.Brontok.a [Ka
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows

When W32.Rontokbro.D@mm is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Copies itself as the following files:

    • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\csrss.exe
    • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\inetinfo.exe
    • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\lsass.exe
    • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\services.exe
    • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\smss.exe
    • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\winlogon.exe
    • %UserProfile%\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\Empty.pif
    • %UserProfile%\Templates\WowTumpeh.com
    • %Windir%\eksplorasi.pif
    • %Windir%\ShellNew\bronstab.exe
    • %System%\[user name]'s Setting.scr

    • %System% is a variable that refers to the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).
    • %Windir% is a variable that refers to the Windows installation folder. By default, this is C:\Windows (Windows 95/98/Me/XP) or C:\Winnt (Windows NT/2000).
    • %UserProfile% is a variable that refers to the current user's profile folder. By default, this is C:\Documents and Settings\[CURRENT USER] (Windows NT/2000/XP).

  2. Creates the directory:

    %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\Bron.tok-[X]-[Y]

    Where [X],[Y] are two random numbers.

  3. Overwrites C:\Autoexec.bat with the following text:


  4. Adds the value:

    "Bron-Spizaetus" = "%Windir%\ShellNew\bronstab.exe"

    to the registry subkey:


    so that it runs every time Windows starts.

  5. Adds the value:

    "NoFolderOptions" = "1"

    to the registry subkey:


  6. Adds the value:

    "Hidden" = "0"
    "ShowSuperHidden" = "0"
    "HideFileExt" = "1"

    to the registry subkey:


  7. Adds the values:

    "DisableRegistryTools" = "1"
    "DisableCMD" = "0"

    to the registry subkey:


  8. Adds the value:

    "Tok-Cirrhatus" = "%UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\smss.exe"

    to the registry subkey:


    so that it runs every time Windows starts.

  9. Adds the value:

    "Shell" = "Explorer.exe %Windir%\eksplorasi.pif"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

    so that it runs every time Windows starts.
  10. Adds a task to the Windows scheduler to execute the following file at 5:08 PM every day:


  11. Restarts the computer when it detects a window whose title contains one of the following strings:

    • ..
    • .@
    • @.
    • .ASP
    • .EXE
    • .HTM
    • .JS
    • .PHP
    • ADMIN
    • ADOBE
    • AHNLAB
    • ALERT
    • ALWIL
    • APACHE
    • ASDF
    • AVAST
    • AVG
    • AVIRA
    • BILLING@
    • BLACK
    • BLAH
    • BLEEP
    • CANON
    • CENTER
    • CILLIN
    • CISCO
    • CMD.
    • CNET
    • CONTOH
    • CRACK
    • DARK
    • DATA
    • DEMO
    • DETIK
    • DOMAIN
    • ESAFE
    • ESAVE
    • ESCAN
    • FOO@
    • FUCK
    • GOOGLE
    • GROUP
    • HACK
    • HAURI
    • HIDDEN
    • HP.
    • IBM.
    • INFO@
    • INTEL.
    • LINUX
    • LOTUS
    • MACRO
    • MASTER
    • MCAFEE
    • MICRO
    • MYSQL
    • NEWS
    • NOD32
    • NOKIA
    • NORMAN
    • NORTON
    • NOVELL
    • NVIDIA
    • OPERA
    • PANDA
    • PATCH
    • PROMPT
    • PROXY
    • RELAY
    • ROBOT
    • SCAN
    • SEARCH R
    • SECURE
    • SEKUR
    • SENIOR
    • SERVER
    • SMTP
    • SOFT
    • SOME
    • SOPHOS
    • SOURCE
    • SPAM
    • SUN.
    • SYBARI
    • TEST
    • TREND
    • TRUST
    • UPDATE
    • VAKSIN
    • VIRUS
    • W3.
    • WWW
    • XEROX
    • XXX
    • YOUR
    • ZDNET
    • ZEND
    • ZOMBIE

  12. Gathers email addresses from files with the following extensions on all local drives from C to Y:

    • ASP
    • CFM
    • CSV
    • DOC
    • EML
    • HTML
    • PHP
    • TXT
    • WAB

  13. Does not send itself to email addresses that contain any of the following strings in the domain name:

    • PLASA
    • TELKOM
    • INDO
    • .CO.ID
    • .GO.ID
    • .MIL.ID
    • .SCH.ID
    • .NET.ID
    • .OR.ID
    • .AC.ID
    • .WEB.ID
    • .WAR.NET.ID
    • ASTAGA
    • GAUL
    • BOLEH
    • SATU

  14. May append the following prefixes to domain names in an attempt to find Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) servers:

    • smtp.
    • mail.
    • ns1.

  15. Uses its own SMTP engine to send itself to the email addresses that it finds. The email has the following characteristics:

    From: [SPOOFED]

    Subject: [BLANK]

    BRONTOK.A  [ By: H[REMOVED]M Community ]
    -- Hentikan kebobrokan di negeri ini --
    1. Adili Koruptor, Penyelundup, Tukang Suap, Penjudi, & Bandar NARKOBA
    ( Send to "NUSAKAMBANGAN")
    2. Stop Free Sex, Absorsi, & Prostitusi
    3. Stop (pencemaran laut & sungai), pembakaran hutan & perburuan liar.
    4. SAY NO TO DRUGS !!!
    Terinspirasi oleh: Elang Brontok (Spizaetus Cirrhatus) yang hampir punah[ By: H[REMOVED]unity --



Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Candid Wueest

Discovered: October 12, 2005
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:45:23 PM
Also Known As: WORM_RONTOKBRO.C [Trend Micro], Email-Worm.Win32.Brontok.a [Ka
Type: Worm
Systems Affected: Windows

The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  2. Update the virus definitions.
  3. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected.
  4. Use the Security Response "Tool to reset shell\open\command registry subkeys."
  5. Delete any values added to the registry.
  6. Delete the scheduled task.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. To disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, reenable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder (Article ID: Q263455).

2. To update the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers once each week (usually on Wednesdays), unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate).
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted daily. You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The latest Intelligent Updater virus definitions can be obtained here: Intelligent Updater virus definitions. For detailed instructions read the document: How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater.

3. To scan for and delete the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected, click Delete.

Important: If you are unable to start your Symantec antivirus product or the product reports that it cannot delete a detected file, you may need to stop the risk from running in order to remove it. To do this, run the scan in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, How to start the computer in Safe Mode . Once you have restarted in Safe mode, run the scan again.

After the files are deleted, restart the computer in Normal mode and proceed with the next section.

Warning messages may be displayed when the computer is restarted, since the threat may not be fully removed at this point. You can ignore these messages and click OK. These messages will not appear when the computer is restarted after the removal instructions have been fully completed. The messages displayed may be similar to the following:

Title: [FILE PATH]
Message body: Windows cannot find [FILE NAME]. Make sure you typed the name correctly, and then try again. To search for a file, click the Start button, and then click Search.

4 . Using the Security Response "Tool to reset shell\open\command registry subkeys."
This risk makes changes to the Windows registry that may prevent you from running executable files. Security Response has developed a tool to reset these values to the default settings. This tool is the easiest way to fix this. Once you have run the tool , return to this page and continue with the removal.

5. To delete the value from the registry
Important: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified subkeys only. For instructions refer to the document: How to make a backup of the Windows registry.
  1. Click Start > Run.
  2. Type regedit
  3. Click OK.

    Note: If the registry editor fails to open the threat may have modified the registry to prevent access to the registry editor. Security Response has developed a tool to resolve this problem. Download and run this tool, and then continue with the removal.

  4. Navigate to the subkey:


  5. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "Bron-Spizaetus" = "%Windir%\INF\norBtok.exe"

  6. Navigate to the subkey:


  7. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "Tok-Cirrhatus" = "%UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\smss.exe"
  8. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
  9. In the right pane, reset the value to its default value:

    "Shell" = "Explorer.exe"
  10. Navigate to the subkey:

  11. In the right pane, reset the following value to its default value if required:

    "NoFolderOptions" = "0" or "NoFolderOptions" = "1"
  12. Navigate to the subkey:

  13. In the right pane, reset the following values to their default value if required:

    "Hidden" = "0"   or   "Hidden" = "1"
    "ShowSuperHidden" = "0"   or   "ShowSuperHidden" = "1"
    "HideFileExt" = "0"   or    "HideFileExt" = "1"
  14. Exit the Registry Editor.

6. To delete the scheduled tasks added by the worm
    Click Start, and then click Control Panel. (In Windows XP, switch to Classic View.)
    In the Control Panel window, double click Scheduled Tasks.
    Right click the task icon and select Properties from pop-up menu.
    The properties of the task is displayed.
    Delete the task if the contents of the Run text box in the task pane, matches the following:


Writeup By: Candid Wueest