Trojan.Satiloler.B

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Discovered: January 04, 2006
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:50:27 PM
Also Known As: Win32/Satiloler.A [Computer As, Trojan-Spy.Win32.Banker.alr [K, PWS-Satiloler [McAfee], TSPY_BANKER.BBB [Trend Micro]
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows



Trojan.Satiloler.B is a Trojan horse that attempts to steal user names, passwords, and other information from the compromised computer. It also attempts to open a proxy server on a random TCP port.

It has been reported that the Trojan is downloaded by malformed WMF files that utilize the Microsoft Windows Graphics Rendering Engine WMF Format Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability (as described in BID 16074 ).

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version January 04, 2006
  • Latest Rapid Release version August 08, 2016 revision 023
  • Initial Daily Certified version January 04, 2006
  • Latest Daily Certified version August 09, 2016 revision 001
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date January 04, 2006

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Kaoru Hayashi

Discovered: January 04, 2006
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:50:27 PM
Also Known As: Win32/Satiloler.A [Computer As, Trojan-Spy.Win32.Banker.alr [K, PWS-Satiloler [McAfee], TSPY_BANKER.BBB [Trend Micro]
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


When Trojan.Satiloler.B is executed, it performs the following actions:

  1. Creates a mutex named "_Toolbar_Class_32" so that only one instance of the Trojan is executed on the compromised computer.

  2. Copies %System%\userinit.exe, which is a valid system file, as the following file and then deletes it:

    %Windir%\system\userinit.exe

    Note: %Windir% is a variable that refers to the Windows installation folder. By default, this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt.

  3. Copies itself as:

    • %System%\userinit.exe
    • %ProgramFiles%\Common Files\system\lsass.exe

      Note:
    • %System% is a variable that refers to the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).
    • %ProgramFiles% is a variable that refers to the program files folder. By default, this is C:\Program Files.

  4. Creates the following files:

    • %System%\xvid.dll
    • %System%\xvid.ini
    • %System%\divx.ini

  5. Adds the value:

    "system" = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\system\lsass.exe"

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

    so that it runs every time Windows starts.

  6. Modifies the values:

    "SFCDisable" = "FFFFFF9D"
    "SFCScan" = "0"

    in the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

    to disable Windows File Protection.

  7. Adds the value:

    "System" = ""

    to the registry subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

  8. Modifies the original %System%\sfc_os.dll or sfc.dll file and its backup in %Windir%\dllcache in order to disable System File Protection.

  9. Attempts to close windows that have the following titles:

    • Create rule for %s
    • Un processus cache requiert une connexion reseau.
    • Ne plus afficher cette invite
    • Un proceso oculto solicita acceso a la red
    • Aceptar
    • Warning: Components Have Changed
    • &Make changed component shared
    • Hidden Process Requests Network Access
    • Ein versteckter Prozess verlangt Netzwerkzugriff.
    • PermissionDlg
    • &Remember this answer the next time I use this program.
    • &Yes
    • Windows Security Alert
    • Allow all activities for this application

  10. Attempts to end the following processes:

    • WINLDRA.EXE
    • NETSCAPE.EXE
    • OPERA.EXE
    • FIREFOX.EXE
    • MOZILLA.EXE
    • M00.EXE
    • WINTBPX.EXE
    • SWCHOST.EXE
    • SVOHOST.EXE
    • SVC.EXE
    • WINSOCK.EXE
    • SPOOLS.EXE

  11. Attempts to disable the following programs:

    • C:\PROGRA~1\McAfee.com\PERSON~1\MpfAgent.exe
    • C:\PROGRA~1\McAfee.com\PERSON~1\MpfTray.exe

  12. Steals the following information and saves it to %System%\desktops.ini:

    • POP3 Username
    • Password for Internet Explorer AutoComplete
    • TheBat passwords
    • e-gold account information

  13. Searches for the following strings in the Web browser:

    • postbank.de
    • deutsche-bank.de
    • diba.de
    • 1822direkt.com
    • .haspa.de
    • .sparkasse-
    • mbs-potsdam.de
    • .homebanking-
    • .bankingportal.
    • dresdner-privat.de
    • .gad.de
    • citibank.de
    • .portal-banking.de
    • vr-ebanking.de
    • vr-networld-ebanking.de
    • cc-bank.de
    • commerzbanking.de
    • lacaixa.es
    • axabanque.fr/client/sauthentification
    • cahoot
    • egg
    • if.com
    • smile
    • first
    • nation
    • abbey
    • natwest
    • citi
    • barclay
    • allianc
    • bank
    • hsbc
    • lloyd
    • nwolb
    • online
    • hali
    • npbs
    • marbles
    • trade
    • rbs.
    • lacaixa.es
    • pin2
    • viabcp.com
    • pin
    • Payee_Account
    • bancaonline.
    • CLAVES
    • ebankinter.com

  14. Logs the following Web activity to %System%\divx.ini:

    • URLs visited
    • Radio button and checkbox status
    • Keystrokes

  15. Opens a proxy server on a random TCP port.

  16. Posts the collected log files to [http://]fiv.bestswf.com/[REMOVED]/log.php.

  17. Sends a HTTP request to [http://]fiv.bestswf.com/[REMOVED]/cmd.php with the following data gathered from the compromised computer and saves the response to %System%\xvid.ini:

    • Username
    • Geographical location
    • Opened port number


Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Kaoru Hayashi

Discovered: January 04, 2006
Updated: February 13, 2007 12:50:27 PM
Also Known As: Win32/Satiloler.A [Computer As, Trojan-Spy.Win32.Banker.alr [K, PWS-Satiloler [McAfee], TSPY_BANKER.BBB [Trend Micro]
Type: Trojan Horse
Systems Affected: Windows


The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.

  1. Restart the computer using the Windows Recovery Console and delete the file
  2. Disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP).
  3. Update the virus definitions.
  4. Run a full system scan and delete all the files detected.
  5. Delete any values added to the registry.
For specific details on each of these steps, read the following instructions.

1. Restart the computer using the Windows Recovery Console and delete the malicious files
To remove this threat it is necessary to restart the computer and run the Windows Recovery Console. For full details on how to do this please read the Microsoft Knowledge Base article: How to install and use the Recovery Console in Windows XP .
  1. Insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive.
  2. Restart the computer from the CD-ROM drive.
  3. Press "R" to start the Recovery Console when the "Welcome to Setup" screen apprears.
  4. Select the installation that you want to access from the Recovery Console, if you have a dual-boot computer.
  5. Enter the administrator password
  6. Press Enter
  7. Type cd system32
  8. Press Enter
  9. Type del userinit.exe
  10. Press Enter
  11. Type copy ..\system\userinit.exe .
  12. Press Enter
  13. Type exit
  14. Press Enter. The computer will now restart automatically.


2. To disable System Restore (Windows Me/XP)
If you are running Windows Me or Windows XP, we recommend that you temporarily turn off System Restore. Windows Me/XP uses this feature, which is enabled by default, to restore the files on your computer in case they become damaged. If a virus, worm, or Trojan infects a computer, System Restore may back up the virus, worm, or Trojan on the computer.

Windows prevents outside programs, including antivirus programs, from modifying System Restore. Therefore, antivirus programs or tools cannot remove threats in the System Restore folder. As a result, System Restore has the potential of restoring an infected file on your computer, even after you have cleaned the infected files from all the other locations.

Also, a virus scan may detect a threat in the System Restore folder even though you have removed the threat.

For instructions on how to turn off System Restore, read your Windows documentation, or one of the following articles:
Note:
When you are completely finished with the removal procedure and are satisfied that the threat has been removed, reenable System Restore by following the instructions in the aforementioned documents.

For additional information, and an alternative to disabling Windows Me System Restore, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article: Antivirus Tools Cannot Clean Infected Files in the _Restore Folder (Article ID: Q263455).

3. To update the virus definitions
Symantec Security Response fully tests all the virus definitions for quality assurance before they are posted to our servers. There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Running LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions:
  • If you use Norton AntiVirus 2006, Symantec AntiVirus Corporate Edition 10.0, or newer products, LiveUpdate definitions are updated daily. These products include newer technology.
  • If you use Norton AntiVirus 2005, Symantec AntiVirus Corporate Edition 9.0, or earlier products, LiveUpdate definitions are updated weekly. The exception is major outbreaks, when definitions are updated more often.
  • Downloading the definitions using the Intelligent Updater: The Intelligent Updater virus definitions are posted daily. You should download the definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site and manually install them. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, refer to Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater).

    The latest Intelligent Updater virus definitions can be obtained here: Intelligent Updater virus definitions. For detailed instructions read the document: How to update virus definition files using the Intelligent Updater.

4. To scan for and delete the infected files
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program and make sure that it is configured to scan all the files.
  1. Run a full system scan.
  2. If any files are detected, click Delete.

Important: If you are unable to start your Symantec antivirus product or the product reports that it cannot delete a detected file, you may need to stop the risk from running in order to remove it. To do this, run the scan in Safe mode. For instructions, read the document, How to start the computer in Safe Mode . Once you have restarted in Safe mode, run the scan again.

After the files are deleted, restart the computer in Normal mode and proceed with the next section.

Warning messages may be displayed when the computer is restarted, since the threat may not be fully removed at this point. You can ignore these messages and click OK. These messages will not appear when the computer is restarted after the removal instructions have been fully completed. The messages displayed may be similar to the following:

Title: [FILE PATH]
Message body: Windows cannot find [FILE NAME]. Make sure you typed the name correctly, and then try again. To search for a file, click the Start button, and then click Search.


5. To delete the value from the registry
Important: Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before making any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify the specified subkeys only. For instructions refer to the document: How to make a backup of the Windows registry.
  1. Click Start > Run.
  2. Type regedit
  3. Click OK.

    Note: If the registry editor fails to open the threat may have modified the registry to prevent access to the registry editor. Security Response has developed a tool to resolve this problem. Download and run this tool, and then continue with the removal.

  4. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

  5. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "system" = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\system\lsass.exe"

  6. Navigate to the subkey:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

  7. In the right pane, delete the value:

    "System" = ""

  8. In the right pane, restore the values:

    "SFCDisable" = "FFFFFF9D"
    "SFCScan" = "0"

  9. Exit the Registry Editor.



Writeup By: Kaoru Hayashi