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Discovered: May 29, 2007
Updated: June 01, 2007 4:39:47 PM
Type: Virus
Infection Length: 494 bytes

TIOS.Tigraa is a memory-resident entry point-obscuring infector of ASM files on Texas Instruments TI89-compatible calculators (TI89, TI92, TI92+, Voyage 200).

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version May 29, 2007 revision 040
  • Latest Rapid Release version September 28, 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version May 30, 2007 revision 002
  • Latest Daily Certified version September 28, 2010 revision 036
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date May 30, 2007

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Technical Description

The virus first gains control whenever an infected application is executed. It hooks the SymFindNext() function and infects files whenever that function is called by an application.

The virus appends its code to any suitable file, and searches for a particular instruction sequence to replace to point to the virus code. If the sequence cannot be found, then the file will still contain the virus body, but the virus will not gain control.

A file is considered suitable if it passes a set of checks that the virus performs. These include that the file is of ASM type and not infected already.

The virus may clear the device's screen and display the following message:

Once infection is complete, the host code execution will resume.

The virus cannot leave the calculator on its own, it requires that a user shares an infected file (either accidentally or intentionally) with another user.


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.