Trojan.Tatanarg

Printer Friendly Page

Discovered: February 28, 2011
Updated: May 11, 2012 3:22:54 AM
Type: Trojan
Infection Length: 250,000 bytes
Systems Affected: Windows

Trojan.Tatanarg is a Trojan horse that attempts to steal information from the compromised computer. It specifically targets Internet banking accounts.

Note: Virus definitions dated March 1, 2011 or earlier may detect this threat as W32.Spamuzle , Trojan Horse , or Trojan.Gen .

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version February 28, 2011 revision 035
  • Latest Rapid Release version November 19, 2018 revision 023
  • Initial Daily Certified version February 28, 2011 revision 040
  • Latest Daily Certified version November 20, 2018 revision 002
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date March 02, 2011

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Piotr Krysiuk

Discovered: February 28, 2011
Updated: May 11, 2012 3:22:54 AM
Type: Trojan
Infection Length: 250,000 bytes
Systems Affected: Windows

When the Trojan is executed, it creates the following files:

  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\report.exe
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Temp\report.dll


It then either drops or downloads the following files, which contain Trojan modules in encrypted form:
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\a.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\AsJJZaGd.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\d.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\DOLofCab.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\EIaLDgEm.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\kPckOSkg.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\n.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\o.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\p.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\RxlCksRu.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\skPEsazc.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\XoLjnmvs.dll
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\ZIhIDbjF.dll


It also creates following non-executable files:
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\coredb\storage
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Temp\mycom.crt
  • %UserProfile%\Local Settings\Temp\worklog0
  • %Windir%\system32\drivers\atmapi.sys


The Trojan then creates the following registry entry, so that it starts when Windows starts:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce\"[RANDOM HEXADECIMAL DIGITS]" = "%UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\report.exe"

It also creates the following registry entries:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\d.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\a.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\AsJJZaGd.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\d.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\DOLofCab.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\EIaLDgEm.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\kPckOSkg.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\n.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\o.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\p.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\RxlCksRu.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\skPEsazc.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\XoLjnmvs.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Driversx64\"%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\ZIhIDbjF.dll" = "[DWORD VALUE]"


The Trojan then creates the following registry entry, which adds explorer.exe to list of applications authorized with Windows Firewall:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy\StandardProfile\AuthorizedApplications\List\"c:\windows\explorer.exe" = "c:\windows\explorer.exe:*:Enabled:explorer"

The Trojan also enables Remote Desktop connections.

It also modifies the following registry entries, which change the settings of Internet Explorer:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\"DisableCachingOfSSLPages" = "1"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\"MaxConnectionsPer1_0Server" = "64"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\"MaxConnectionsPerServer" = "64"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\0\"1609" = "0"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\1\"1609" = "0"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\2\"1609" = "0"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\3\"1609" = "0"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\4\"1609" = "0"


The Trojan monitors activity on the following Web browsers in order to capture details of accessed Web pages:
  • Chrome
  • Firefox
  • Internet Explorer
  • Opera
  • Maxthon
  • Netscape Navigator


The Trojan captures sensitive information, including details of accessed Internet banking sites and sends it to the remote attacker.

The captured information may be stored in files with the following format:
%UserProfile%\Application Data\Help\coredb\[DATE AND TIME]_[RANDOM CHARACTERS]

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Piotr Krysiuk

Discovered: February 28, 2011
Updated: May 11, 2012 3:22:54 AM
Type: Trojan
Infection Length: 250,000 bytes
Systems Affected: Windows

You may have arrived at this page either because you have been alerted by your Symantec product about this risk, or you are concerned that your computer has been affected by this risk.

Before proceeding further we recommend that you run a full system scan . If that does not resolve the problem you can try one of the options available below.



FOR NORTON USERS
If you are a Norton product user, we recommend you try the following resources to remove this risk.

Removal Tool


If you have an infected Windows system file, you may need to replace them using from the Windows installation CD .


How to reduce the risk of infection
The following resources provide further information and best practices to help reduce the risk of infection.


FOR BUSINESS USERS
If you are a Symantec business product user, we recommend you try the following resources to remove this risk.

Identifying and submitting suspect files
Submitting suspicious files to Symantec allows us to ensure that our protection capabilities keep up with the ever-changing threat landscape. Submitted files are analyzed by Symantec Security Response and, where necessary, updated definitions are immediately distributed through LiveUpdate™ to all Symantec end points. This ensures that other computers nearby are protected from attack. The following resources may help in identifying suspicious files for submission to Symantec.


Removal Tool

If you have an infected Windows system file, you may need to replace them using from the Windows installation CD .


How to reduce the risk of infection
The following resource provides further information and best practices to help reduce the risk of infection.
Protecting your business network



MANUAL REMOVAL
The following instructions pertain to all current Symantec antivirus products.

1. Performing a full system scan
How to run a full system scan using your Symantec product


2. Restoring settings in the registry
Many risks make modifications to the registry, which could impact the functionality or performance of the compromised computer. While many of these modifications can be restored through various Windows components, it may be necessary to edit the registry. See in the Technical Details of this writeup for information about which registry keys were created or modified. Delete registry subkeys and entries created by the risk and return all modified registry entries to their previous values.

Writeup By: Piotr Krysiuk