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Discovered: May 29, 2013
Updated: June 03, 2013 1:20:11 AM
Type: Trojan
Infection Length: Varies
Systems Affected: Windows

Trojan.Rloader.B is a Trojan horse that opens a back door on the compromised computer. It may also download additional files and steal information from the computer.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version May 29, 2013 revision 016
  • Latest Rapid Release version April 14, 2018 revision 017
  • Initial Daily Certified version May 29, 2013 revision 017
  • Latest Daily Certified version April 15, 2018 revision 017
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date June 05, 2013

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Writeup By: Alan Neville

Discovered: May 29, 2013
Updated: June 03, 2013 1:20:11 AM
Type: Trojan
Infection Length: Varies
Systems Affected: Windows

This threat may arrive on the compromised computer after being downloaded by W32.Waledac .

When the Trojan is executed, it checks for the presence of the following registry keys to identify installed applications:

  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\CommView
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\IRIS5
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\eEye Digital Security
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\Wireshark
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygwin
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\AppEvents\Schemes\Apps\Bopop Observer
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Blabs\Bopop Observer
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\Win Sniffer_is1
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Win Sniffer
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\PEBrowseDotNETProfiler.DotNETProfilter
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder\StartMenu2\PRograms\Debugging Tools for Windows (x86)
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SDbgMsg
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder\StartMenu2\PRograms\APIS32
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Syser Soft
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\APIS32
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\ORacle VM VirtualBox Guest Additions
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\VBoxGuest
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\Sandboxie
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\SbieDrv
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes\Folder\shell\sandbox
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes\*\shell\sandbox
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SUPERAntiSpywareContextMenuExt.SASCon.1
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\ERUNT_is1

The Trojan searches all running processes for the following applications:
  • cv.exe
  • irise.exe
  • IrisSvc.exe
  • wireshark.exe
  • dumpcap.exe
  • ZxSniffer.exe
  • Aircrack-ng Gui.exe
  • observer.exe
  • tcpdump.exe
  • WinDump.exe
  • wspass.exe
  • Regshot.exe
  • ollydbg.exe
  • PEBrowseDbg.exe
  • windbg.exe
  • DrvLoader.exe
  • SymRecv.exe
  • Syser.exe
  • apis32.exe
  • VBoxService.exe
  • VBoxTray.exe
  • SbieSvc.exe
  • SbieCtrl.exe
  • SandboxieRpcSs.exe
  • SandboxieDcomLaunch.exe
  • SUPERAntiSpyware.exe
  • ERUNT.exe
  • ERDNT.exe
  • EtherD.exe
  • Sniffer.exe
  • CamtasiaStudio.exe
  • CamRecorder.exe

The Trojan also looks for the following loaded modules to identify debuggers:

The Trojan performs several checks to ensure it's not running on any automated systems:
  • Checks the computer name against "sandbox"
  • Checks the username against "CurrentUser"
  • Checks module file name against "file.exe"
  • Checks registry for product ID "76487-337-8429955-22614"
  • Checks if a debugger is present

The Trojan collects system related information:
  • OS version
  • Machine ID
  • Locale
  • Language
  • UID
  • Volume information (%Windir%\System Volume Information)

The Trojan modifies the hosts file (%System%\drivers\hosts) to redirect search requests and ad networks to the following IP addresses:

The Trojan may download and execute additional files from the following remote locations:
  • [http://][REMOVED]

The Trojan also sets the default search for Firefox and Internet Explorer to the following host:

The Trojan decrypts an embedded driver file and contacts the a remote server to inform them of successful decryption and installation of the file.

The Trojan creates the following files:
  • %Temp%\[RANDOM].sys
  • %Temp%\[RANDOM].exe

The Trojan collects information on the type of hard drive installed and checks for the following manufacturers:
  • WD-W
  • IBM
  • MAXTOR / Maxtor
  • WDC

The Trojan collects the following information from the registry:
  • Install date
  • Computer name
  • Adapters info
  • Windows Update enable status
  • SusClientId
  • ProductID

The Trojan drops Trojan.Spachanel to the following location:
%UserProfile%\Application Data\[RANDOM].exe

The Trojan injects itself into the following processes:
  • chrome.exe
  • cmd.exe
  • explorer.exe
  • far.exe
  • firefox.exe
  • iexplore.exe
  • opera.exe
  • totalcmd.exe
  • wuauclt.exe

The Trojan steals the following information:
  • OS version
  • Install date
  • Computer GUID
  • Installed disks
  • Hardware profiles

The Trojan then sends collected information to the remote server.


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

Writeup By: Alan Neville

Discovered: May 29, 2013
Updated: June 03, 2013 1:20:11 AM
Type: Trojan
Infection Length: Varies
Systems Affected: Windows

You may have arrived at this page either because you have been alerted by your Symantec product about this risk, or you are concerned that your computer has been affected by this risk.

Before proceeding further we recommend that you run a full system scan . If that does not resolve the problem you can try one of the options available below.

If you are a Norton product user, we recommend you try the following resources to remove this risk.

Removal Tool

If you have an infected Windows system file, you may need to replace it using the Windows installation CD .

How to reduce the risk of infection
The following resources provide further information and best practices to help reduce the risk of infection.

If you are a Symantec business product user, we recommend you try the following resources to remove this risk.

Identifying and submitting suspect files
Submitting suspicious files to Symantec allows us to ensure that our protection capabilities keep up with the ever-changing threat landscape. Submitted files are analyzed by Symantec Security Response and, where necessary, updated definitions are immediately distributed through LiveUpdate™ to all Symantec end points. This ensures that other computers nearby are protected from attack. The following resources may help in identifying suspicious files for submission to Symantec.

Removal Tool

If you have an infected Windows system file, you may need to replace it using the Windows installation CD .

How to reduce the risk of infection
The following resource provides further information and best practices to help reduce the risk of infection.
Protecting your business network

The following instructions pertain to all current Symantec antivirus products.

1. Performing a full system scan
How to run a full system scan using your Symantec product

2. Restoring settings in the registry
Many risks make modifications to the registry, which could impact the functionality or performance of the compromised computer. While many of these modifications can be restored through various Windows components, it may be necessary to edit the registry. See in the Technical Details of this writeup for information about which registry keys were created or modified. Delete registry subkeys and entries created by the risk and return all modified registry entries to their previous values.

Writeup By: Alan Neville