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Discovered: December 15, 2013
Updated: December 16, 2013 2:20:45 PM
Type: Trojan
Infection Length: 132068
Systems Affected: Symbian OS

SymbOS.Opfake is a Trojan horse that may send premium SMS messages from the compromised device.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version December 15, 2013 revision 033
  • Latest Rapid Release version December 15, 2013 revision 033
  • Initial Daily Certified version December 16, 2013 revision 002
  • Latest Daily Certified version December 16, 2013 revision 002
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date December 18, 2013

Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

Technical Description

The Trojan arrives as a fake browser update.

When the Trojan executes, it drops the following files:

  • %DriveLetter%\sys\bin\Viewer_0xa00161e7.exe
  • %DriveLetter%\resource\apps\Viewer_0xa00161e7.rsc
  • %DriveLetter%\resource\apps\Viewer_0xa00161e7.mbm
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\config.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\location.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\antiAOS.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\sms.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\index.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\member.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\rules.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\runonce.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\spacer1.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\spacer2.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\timeout1.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\timeout2.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\timeout3.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\pages\wait.xml
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\index.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\index.beeline.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\index.megafon.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\beeline_spacer1.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\beeline_spacer2.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\megafon_spacer1.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\megafon_spacer2.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\member.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\member_c51a0e778a98e197fa5d089687b1859c.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\member_c963985b1f664b92d737aaec8995d0ac.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\member_cc1c5cb07be6496fbdd5c5703072dfe3.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\member_ua.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\mts_spacer1.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\rules.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\timeout.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\wait.html
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\pic\ctrtt.png
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\pic\radial.png
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\pic\tr2.png
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\pic\wait.gif
  • %DriveLetter%\private\a00161e7\html\midlet_image\4376.medium.png

Next, the Trojan displays a user agreement in Russian. If the user consents to the user agreement, the Trojan may then perform the following action:
Send premium-rate SMS messages


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.


  • Install a file manager program on the device.
  • Enable the option to view the files in the system folder.
  • Delete the following files:
  • Exit the file manager.

    Writeup By: Masaki Suenaga