Discovered: July 06, 2016
Updated: July 07, 2016 10:12:01 AM
Infection Length: 28,672 bytes
Systems Affected: Mac
OSX.Keydnap is a Trojan horse for Mac OS X computers that opens a back door on the compromised computer. It may also steal information and download potentially malicious files.
Antivirus Protection Dates
- Initial Rapid Release version July 07, 2016 revision 002
- Latest Rapid Release version May 21, 2019 revision 021
- Initial Daily Certified version July 07, 2016 revision 006
- Latest Daily Certified version May 22, 2019 revision 001
- Initial Weekly Certified release date July 13, 2016
Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.
Once executed, the Trojan creates the following files:
- /Library/LaunchAgents/[PLIST FILE]
- $HOME/Library/LaunchAgents/[PLIST FILE]
Note: Where [PLIST FILE] is a .plist (Property List) file created by the Trojan in order to execute itself.
Next, the Trojan opens a back door on the compromised computer and connects to the following remote location:
The Trojan may then perform the following actions:
- Download and upload files
- Create processes
- Update itself
- Steal user credentials
The Trojan may then send the stolen information to the remote location.
Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":
- Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
- Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
- Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
- Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
- Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
- Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
- If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
- Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
- Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
- Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
- Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
- If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
- For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
The following instructions pertain to all current and recent Symantec antivirus products for Macintosh.
- Update the virus definitions.
- Run a full system scan and repair or delete all the files detected.
1. To update the virus definitions
To obtain the most recent virus definitions run LiveUpdate: These virus definitions are posted to the LiveUpdate servers regularly. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, refer to the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate) .
2. To scan for and delete the infected files
- Start your Norton AntiVirus or Symantec Endpoint Protection for Macintosh program and make sure that it is configured to scan all files.
- Run a full system scan.
- If any files are detected, click Repair (if available) or Delete.
Writeup By: Takashi Katsuki