1. Symantec/
  2. Security Response/
  3. W32.IRCBot.H

W32.IRCBot.H

Risk Level 1: Very Low

Discovered:
September 8, 2004
Updated:
September 8, 2004 6:51:54 AM
Type:
Worm
Systems Affected:
Windows
Once executed, the Trojan copies itself as the following file:
%System%\ssvchost.exe

The Trojan then creates the following registry entries so that it is executed every time Windows starts:
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"window2" = "ssvchost.exe"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices\"window2" = "ssvchost.exe"
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce\"window2" = "ssvchost.exe"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce\"window2" = "ssvchost.exe"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"window2" = "ssvchost.exe"


It then creates the following registry subkey:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Media Player

Next, the Trojan will delete the following network shares on the compromised computer:
  • c$
  • d$
  • ipc$
  • admin$

It then attempts to connect to the IRC server irc.xerologic.net, where it will join a predefined channel using a random user name. The Trojan will then listen for commands from a remote attacker to perform some of the following actions:
  • Manage the installation of a back door
  • Send out the back door using DCC
  • Download and execute files
  • Participate in Denial of Service attacks against third parties
  • Provide confidential computer information
  • Disable processes, some of which may be security-related
  • Visit URLs
  • Set up a proxy server (SOCKS4/SOCKS5)
  • Copying itself to shared folders


The Trojan will also attempt to steal license keys for some of the following games:
  • Battlefield 1942
  • Battlefield 1942: Secret Weapons Of WWII
  • Battlefield 1942: The Road To Rome
  • Battlefield 1942: Vietnam
  • Black and White
  • Command and Conquer: Generals
  • Command and Conquer: Generals: Zero Hour
  • Command and Conquer: Red Alert2
  • Command and Conquer: Tiberian Sun
  • Counter-Strike
  • FIFA 2002
  • FIFA 2003
  • Freedom Force
  • Global Operations
  • Gunman Chronicles
  • Half-Life
  • Hidden and Dangerous 2
  • IGI2: Covert Strike
  • Industry Giant 2
  • James Bond 007: Nightfire
  • Medal of Honor: Allied Assault
  • Medal of Honor: Allied Assault: Breakthrough
  • Medal of Honor: Allied Assault: Spearhead
  • Nascar Racing 2002
  • Nascar Racing 2003
  • NHL 2002
  • NHL 2003
  • Need For Speed: Hot Pursuit 2
  • Need For Speed: Underground
  • Neverwinter Nights
  • Ravenshield
  • Shogun: Total War: Warlord Edition
  • Soldiers Of Anarchy
  • Soldier Of Fortune 2
  • The Gladiators
  • Unreal Tournament 2003
  • Unreal Tournament 2004
  • Soldier of Fortune II - Double Helix

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Asuka Yamamoto
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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