1. Symantec/
  2. Security Response/
  3. W32.Dasher.D


Risk Level 2: Low

December 19, 2005
February 13, 2007 12:50:11 PM
Also Known As:
WORM_DASHER.C [Trend Micro]
Systems Affected:

When W32.Dasher.D is executed, it performs the following actions:
  1. Creates the following files:

    • %System%\wins\SqlExp.exe
    • %System%\wins\SqlExp1.exe
    • %System%\wins\SqlExp2.exe
    • %System%\wins\SqlExp3.exe
    • %System%\wins\SqlScan.exe, a port scan utility
    • %System%\wins\Sqltob.exe

      Note: %System% is a variable that refers to the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP).

  2. Runs the following file:


  3. Ends the following processes, some of which are security-related:

    • Blackice.exe
    • Blackd.exe
    • EGhost.exe
    • adam.esystem.exe
    • Iparmor.exe
    • Zonealarm.exe
    • KPFWSvc.EXE
    • KPfwSvc.EXE
    • KAVPFW.exe
    • kvfw.exe
    • RfwMain.exe
    • rfwsrv.exe
    • Rfw.exe
    • PFW.exe

  4. Modifies the value:

    "SMBDeviceEnabled" = "0"

    to the registry subkey:


    to lower security settings on the compromised computer.

  5. Modifies the value:

    "Start" = "4"

    to the registry subkey:


    to lower security settings on the compromised computer.

  6. Deletes the following registry value:

    "Windows Update"

    from the registry subkey:


    to lower security settings on the compromised computer.

  7. Scans for computers that are vulnerable to one of the following four vulnerabilities:

  8. Creates the following files that are used in exploiting these vulnerabilities:

    • %System%\wins\1433.txt
    • %System%\wins\1025.txt
    • %System%\wins\445.txt
    • %System%\wins\42.txt
    • %System%\wins\Result.txt

  9. Generates an IP address scan range from [IP1].[IP2].1.1 to [IP1].[IP2].255.254, where the variables [IP1] and [IP2] are randomly chosen.

  10. Sends its shell code to any vulnerable computers it finds. This shell code instructs the newly compromised computer to connect to the following IP address on TCP port 53 and wait for commands:

    These commands can allow a remote attacker to perform the following actions:

    • Connect to an FTP server at the IP address, on TCP port 21211
    • Download and execute remote files

    • At the time of writing, the remote files were unavailable for download.
    • The IP address the computer initially connects to through TCP port 53,, is hard-coded. However, the IP address of the FTP server,, can be modified.


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Douglas Knowles
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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