- January 5, 2007
- March 6, 2014 12:39:33 PM
Also Known As:
- Win32/Cutwail.B [Computer Associates], Win32/Cutwail.C [Computer Associates], Win32/Cutwail.M [Computer Associates], W32/Agent.BOY [F-Secure], Troj/Pushdo-B [Sophos]
Once executed, the Trojan drops the following file:
It then creates the following registry subkey:
The Trojan also drops one of following files:
It then creates one of the following registry subkeys to register one of the files above as a service:
Next, the Trojan injects code into the iexplorer.exe process.
The injected code then downloads another file from one of the following sites:
It saves the downloaded file as one of the following files and executes it:
The downloaded file then connects to 22.214.171.124 and uses a configuration file to send spam emails from the compromised computer.
It also gathers email addresses from files with the following extensions:
It sends the gathered email addresses to the following URL:
The Trojan then drops the file %System%\main.sys, which in turn drops one of the following files:
The dropped file then infects the following file so that it runs every time Windows starts:
%System%\winlogon.exe - detected as Trojan.Pandex!inf, which can be repaired
The dropped file in turn drops one of the following files:
Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":
- Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
- Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
- Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
- Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
- Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
- Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
- If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
- Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
- Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
- Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
- Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
- If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
- For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Heather Shannon and Kaoru Hayashi